Published on Jun 23, 2016 and last reviewed on Jun 01, 2019 - 3 min read
Here I have explained the term asthma and how our body works against allergens. I wish people to have a good understanding of the disease and treatment options to go a long way in establishing a cure for it.
Hay fever and asthma are very frequent today. Allergy or hay fever is the inflammatory reaction of the respiratory system to an allergen. All allergic attacks initially begin as acute episodes of runny nose, watery eyes, itching, etc. It will occur periodically to one or more allergens. Here, I am excluding anaphylactic reactions to nuts, eggs, etc., which are potentially life-threatening. When this condition progresses and becomes more sustained, it is called as asthma.
Hay fever and asthma are an exaggerated response of the immune cells to certain allergens. Many of the inflammatory substances that mediate this reaction are common to both asthma and hay fever. Hence, in many cases the treatments are also similar. The general treatment always includes avoidance of the allergen, a quick shot of antihistamine to prevent the attack from sustaining, a substance that helps dilate the airway during an attack and a long-term steroid and anti-inflammatory drugs to prevent further attacks. Overall, the treatment looks convincing. Now, let us break this down to its components.
The National Institute of Health (NIH) has stated that asthma, especially cannot be cured and only be controlled. Avoiding allergens is easy when they are few and known. But, potentially we are exposed to thousands of allergens each day. If a person has to avoid all those, then it will be terrible. Also, it is extremely easy for an allergic tendency to shift from one allergen to many in a short span of time.
Next, let us see how the antihistamines work. Histamine is the chemical that acts as a catalyst in hay fever and asthma. The uncontrolled immune response of the respiratory system causes immune cells to attack allergens such as pollens, smelling agents, etc., and thereby releasing histamine. Histamine causes dilatation of blood vessels which increases fluid content in the tissues, causing various symptoms ranging from runny nose to breathlessness. Antihistamines are the life savers that stop these symptoms from happening. But, do they prevent immune cells from attacking the allergens? In fact, the immune cells are still attacking the allergens, except that you do not realize it. The antihistamine stops the action of releasing histamine on the surrounding tissues. So, while your immune system is still overzealously active and destroying allergens, you are largely unaware of this.
Bronchodilators like Theophylline help dilating the airways, especially during a severe acute attack and help prevent the attack from being life-threatening. But again, similar to the antihistamine, they do not alter the immune cells in any way. Thus, antihistamine or bronchodilators do not alter immune cells, but reduce the effect of histamine of the tissues.
The next step is the long-term treatment of steroid inhalation. Steroids have a suppressive effect on the immune system. They reduce the production of antibodies (immunoglobulin) and also reduce the fighting power of immune cells. Unfortunately, steroids are not target specific. While they definitely alter the immune response to allergens, they also suppress the immune system in general, thereby leaving the host more vulnerable to other illnesses. Basically, none of the treatment modalities reverse the tendency of the immune system to react in an exaggerated fashion.
So, what provides a good chance of getting hay fever or asthma reversed?
If you are in need of more details regarding natural treatment of asthma, then consult an asthma homeopathic specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/homeopathic-physician/asthma-homeopathic
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