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Health Articles by Dr. Manjunath Natarajan

Eye Health
Vision is the most important of our bodily senses for daily activities and for work. Just imagine a situation wherein we would have to dress ourselves up for work, eat, drive and work without using our vision. This should give you a good perspective. Akin to all our bodily organs and functions, even our eyes cannot escape the inevitable aging processes. This article looks at some of the most prevalent age-related disorders and their prevention using the most conservative approach.
Involuntary eyelid twitching also called “myokymia” is a common problem faced by many of my patients. This disorder, though seemingly harmless, can cause quite a bit of inconvenience and does need a proper workup by a qualified eye specialist.
Diabetes has become a lifestyle-related epidemic in our country. It being a vascular disease manifests in blood vessels throughout our body. The eye is the one and only place where we can see these changes happening to our blood vessels in vivid detail. Hence, diabetic retinopathy has been given a lot of importance and screening for it is seen in many diabetics. This article looks at what symptoms patients with diabetic retinopathy experience and when would be the best time to have a doctor examine the retina to screen for diabetic retinopathy.
Cancer is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the developed world and is on the rise among all age groups and social strata. The eye is also not spared from cancerous afflictions and has a whole plethora of cancerous and precancerous conditions that require proper evaluation and care by ophthalmologists. This article looks at the main cancers of the eye and has been written to be a basic guide to the common man about what important symptoms s/he will need to be concerned about and those problems that would need an immediate consultation with an ophthalmologist.
The pupil is a circular opening in the iris of our eye with variable size. The main function of the pupil is to constrict in the presence of light and hence regulate the amount of light entering the eye. This mechanism of light regulation is quite important in determining the clarity of vision. Excessive light entering into the eye can bleach the photopigments and cause blinding. This article gives in-depth knowledge about the size of the pupil, its normal behavior and the main symptoms in cases of pupillary disturbances and simple measures to cope with it.
Trachoma is a severe infectious follicular conjunctivitis frequently seen in developing countries. It is known to affect children in the age groups of 5 to 10 years, with complications starting by 20 to 30 years. In severe cases, it is known to cause a variety of eyelid malformations by its tendency to produce scarring. It is a major public health problem and deserves attention from both the common man in terms of preventive measures to be taken and hygienic practices to be followed and also city planners and executives as sanitation and hygiene are the major factors responsible for this disease.
The recent trend of an increase in near-vision work, be it on the Android phone, laptops or on paper has caused us to see the number of myopic patients go upward. This shocking trend can be seen by as much as 50 % of the students in higher primary to pre-university being prescribed glasses for low to moderate myopia. With such an ample number of customers, optical shops and smaller spectacle outlets more often than not, are forced to employ untrained or inexperienced labor to cut costs. It is the right of a patient to be fully aware of what modality and magnitude of treatment s/he is being offered and its relevant aspects. This article has been written with an aim to shed light on the various measurements and their meanings in practical terms to the average spectacle wearer, so that the next time s/he is in a tough spot, s/he will have at least some knowledge and basic understanding of his condition rather than simply taking the word of the optical shop owner and his workers.
Stye, also called hordeolum in medical terminology, is an infectious disorder of the eyelid. The disorder is very common in old and young people. This article looks at ways in which a patient can develop a stye, what symptoms it can cause, what treatments are available, and measures you can take to avoid this troublesome infection.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases causing long-standing progressive optic nerve damage. Glaucoma is thus a sort of generic name, referring to the plethora of diseases causing optic nerve damage with one common feature, a higher intraocular pressure (higher pressure inside the eye than the normal limits). A few patients belong to a lesser known, smaller subgroup among the broader classification of glaucoma called normotension glaucoma. This peculiar disease is one where, as the name suggests, the intraocular pressure is normal. But, is classified as a type of glaucoma as it produces eye changes that are characteristic of glaucomatous damage. This article describes the essential features of this disease with how the disease progresses and what measures need to be taken to detect and manage this problem.
So, you have been told to wear glasses, but you do not want to wear them. What are the options available to you now? This article will try to give you an overview of the latest options you have. The discussion also includes hints and suggestions on how to choose the options that are best suited for each individual patient.
Glaucoma is a prolonged deterioration of the optic nerve function, caused by various factors, one of which is the pressure of our eye. This article looks at the essential information you need to know to understand glaucoma, how to know whether you need to be checked for glaucoma, about its treatment and essential preventive measures.
The cornea is the dark transparent circular part of the front of our eyes. It is the only structure of our body that is transparent and is the main determinant of the crystal clear vision that we have come to expect from our eyes. Just like how the cornea is like a clear lens, enabling us to see the world around us, the cornea is also a boon to doctors who can visualize the internal structures of the eye and blood vessels by directly viewing through the cornea without even having to touch the patient. This article looks at the most common of such disorders and how as a common man, you can prevent such diseases.
Red eyes are a very common problem seen in the ophthalmology department. The causes of this common symptom are several and management protocols vary depending on the doctor. This article has been written to help shed light on the most serious as well as the most commonly seen causes of red eye with a list of over-the-counter medications which may help you find a cure.
No one in the world is free from aging. It is only natural that cataract, a disease of aging, is the most commonly performed non-emergency, daycare surgery in the world. In this article, I try to answer commonly asked questions from cataract patients.
Refractive surgery is one of the fastest evolving areas in medical technology. It comes under the broad category of esthetic surgeries and has come a long way since its conception. In this article, I try my best to answer the commonly asked questions from patients interested in refractive surgery.