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HomeHealth articlesprostate cancerWhat Is Prostate Cancer and What Is Its Weight?

Connection Between Prostate Cancer and Overweight

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There appears to be a connection between prostate cancer and weight, while experts are unsure of the exact cause. Read the article below to know more.

Written by

Dr. Aysha Anwar

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Kaushal Bhavsar

Published At May 16, 2024
Reviewed AtMay 16, 2024


Being fat or overweight does not appear to be a cause of prostate cancer. It may raise the chance of getting an aggressive, quickly spreading type of disease that is more deadly. One may be able to reduce the chance of prostate cancer complications by becoming less overweight.

What Is the Connection Between Weight and Prostate Cancer?

Obesity may reduce the chance of slow-growing cancer, according to research. However, it raises the chances of developing a deadly, more aggressive kind of cancer. The chance of passing away from prostate cancer may be increased if they are obese or have put on a lot of weight over time. Additionally, once they have had prostate cancer, they may be at higher risk of developing it again.

Why Does Weight Matter?

The exact nature of the link between obesity and prostate cancer is unknown to experts. It might be connected to elevated estrogen, cholesterol, inflammatory response, or changes in metabolism that occur with weight increase. More research is required to grasp the connection fully.

Researchers are attempting to learn more about the variations in metabolic processes between individuals who are fat, non-obese, and those who have followed diets. Researchers are attempting to determine whether tumor size decreases with weight loss and how weight affects tumor growth. According to some scientists, sugar might be involved. Insulin levels rise when consuming sugar. One recognized cell growth factor for prostate cancer is insulin.

Is It Healthy to Lose Weight?

Prostate cancer cannot be prevented with certainty. However, maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, and exercising can enhance general health and reduce the risk of illness. Patients can reduce the risk of cancer by eating a nutritious diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in fat. Exercise strengthens the immune system, reduces inflammation, and prevents health issues. Additionally, it might reduce the chance of cancer.

How to Reduce Risk and Lose Weight?

Reducing calories and increasing physical activity can help shed excess weight. It can maintain health if weighed a healthy amount by eating healthily and working out most days. Try these weight-loss strategies to reduce the risk of prostate cancer:

  • Steer Clear of Sugar: A few medical professionals advise against consuming simple sugars. Reducing the insulin spikes that come from sugar may aid in weight loss. Reduce the intake of foods like spaghetti, white bread, and white rice, which may contain hidden sugars. Instead of grabbing a piece of candy or another sugary snack, try reaching for a handful of nuts, fruit, or veggies.

  • Adopt a Diet Low in Fat: Reducing the intake of high-fat foods like cheese, milk, and meats may help drop pounds and reduce the risk of health issues.

  • Steer Clear of Adding Excess Fat When Cooking: Select lean meat portions. Select reduced or low-fat dairy products over full-fat ones.

  • Consume More Veggies and Fruits: A diet high in fruits and vegetables gives vitamins and nutrients that may lower the chance of prostate cancer, even if it has not been demonstrated that any particular nutrients can prevent the disease. Vegetables and fruits can also be a healthy alternative to less nutritious foods like high-fat meats and dairy products. Increasing the amount of them on the plate could aid in weight loss.

What Are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?

One may experience the following symptoms if a tumor causes the prostate gland to enlarge or if cancer spreads outside of the prostate:

  • Frequent urination, especially during the night.

  • Urine that is difficult to start or stop.

  • A feeble stream or one that intermittently flows.

  • Dripping urine while coughing or laughing.

  • Being unable to urinate while standing.

  • Burning or pain when urinating.

  • Burning or pain during ejaculation.

  • Less fluid during ejaculation.

  • Blood in semen or pee.

  • Pain or pressure in the lower abdomen.

  • Lower back, hips, pelvis, or thighs may hurt or feel stiff.

  • New difficulties achieving an erection.

What Treatment Options Are There for Prostate Cancer?

Although there are many alternatives available, there is not a single prostate cancer treatment that is best for every guy. When recommending one, the doctor will take into account several factors, such as:

  • The extent to which the tumor has spread and its size are referred to as the disease's stage.

  • The tumor's expected growth rate.

  • Age and level of health.

  • Tastes.

The treatment methods are:

  • Operation: It is possible if the cancer has not spread and the patient is in good health. There are various kinds. A physician may remove the prostate gland, or they could remove it along with the surrounding tissue.

  • Rays: This treatment employs high-energy beams that resemble X-rays to eradicate the malignancy. When cancer is low-grade or limited to the prostate, frequently have an option.

  • Radiation from Proton Beams: Very tiny particles are used in this unique radiation therapy to target and eliminate cancer cells that have not spread.

  • Radiopharmaceuticals: Medicinal radio compounds, often known as radiopharmaceuticals, are pharmaceutical products that include radioactive isotopes.

  • Hormone Replacement Treatment: For prostate cancer cells to continue developing, they require male sex hormones like testosterone.

  • Chemotherapy: Medication administered intravenously (IV) or orally targets and destroys cancer cells while reducing tumor size.

  • Immunotherapy: The immune system will attack the disease in concert with this medication. Advanced prostate cancer is treated with it.

  • Treatment with Bisphosphonates: These medications can reduce pain and the risk of fractures if the condition affects bones.

  • Irrigation or Freezing: Doctors may decide to freeze cancer cells if they have prostate cancer still in its early stages. The prostate will be punctured with tiny needles or probes to release extremely cold gasses that kill the cells.

  • High-Powered Targeted Ultrasound: Although it is not a standard of care, individuals who want to choose between radical therapy and active surveillance may benefit from high-intensity focused ultrasound.

  • Vaccine Against Prostate Cancer: Most function by strengthening the body's defenses against illness. The immune system attacks cancer cells due to the prostate cancer vaccine.


Prostate cancer progression can be slowed down, and a patient's prognosis can be improved with fat loss treatments that incorporate exercise and nutrition programs. The chance of passing away from prostate cancer may be increased if they are obese or have put on a lot of weight over time. Additionally, once they have had prostate cancer, they may be at higher risk of developing it again.

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Dr. Kaushal Bhavsar
Dr. Kaushal Bhavsar

Pulmonology (Asthma Doctors)


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