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Is Diabetes a Risk Factor for COVID-19?

Published on Mar 30, 2020 and last reviewed on Mar 31, 2020   -  4 min read

Abstract

There are increasing numbers of myths and misconceptions about COVID-19. It may be due to a reduced number of studies on them. But, there is known to be a certain degree of association between Coronavirus and diabetes. Read the article to know more.

Contents
Is Diabetes a Risk Factor for COVID-19?

What Is Diabetes and What Are Its Types?

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder. In this disorder, the patient is known to have increased blood sugar levels than normal. This may be due to genetics, environmental factors or malfunctioning of the pancreas. Once it affects them, the entire body system begins to collapse. This will end up in kidney damage, nerve damage and damage to the eyes. This is known in medical terms as nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy respectively. The other complications include cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease, foot problems and loss of hearing. The reason why diabetes is very detrimental is that it is causing the immune mechanism of the body to shatter. It can affect both genders. There are three types of diabetes. They are

Type 1: It is commonly seen in young children. It is also known as juvenile diabetes. This is a very rare condition. In type 1 diabetes, the cells which are producing the insulin are defective.

Type 2: This is the most common type of diabetes. When the body is not able to use the insulin effectively, it might end up in type-2 diabetes. It is seen in middle-aged and older people.

Type 3: It is known as gestational diabetes and is seen in pregnant women.

What Is the Normal Level of Diabetes?

Normal blood sugar levels should be less than 100 mg/dL under fasting conditions. After two hours of eating your food, it should be less than 140 mg/dL.

What Is Diabetic Ketoacidosis?

  1. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a highly serious complication of diabetes. It occurs when your body produces high levels of ketones. Ketones are blood acids.

  2. This condition develops when the body is not able to produce enough insulin. Due to insufficient insulin, a buildup of acid takes place leading to diabetic ketoacidosis.

Who Is at High Risk of COVID-19?

Mother nature has provided us with an inbuilt capacity to fight all the foreign objects and parasites. So, a healthy individual has a higher possibility of success rate in recovery. When nature has offered us something great it is our responsibility to keep our body in a healthy and hygienic condition. Not everyone dies of Coronavirus. People who are elderly are at high risk, especially if that person is known to be diabetic, there is an increased chance of several complications. The system of the body becomes immune-compromised, therefore our body fails to fight against the new intruders.

Why Is Coronavirus Dangerous for Diabetics Patients?

Coronavirus is a new parasite, in which the complete characters are not identified. Patients with any underlying condition, especially diabetes may not have stable health to withstand and combat with the virus. There is no proper evidence to show that diabetes people are more likely to get COVID-19. From the studies done so far, people with diabetes had much higher rates of serious complications resulting in death than others without diabetes.

What Should People With Diabetes Do If They Have the Virus?

It is essential that you get diagnosed with an organized health center. Make sure you have all the reports ready. Your earlier case sheet for diabetes and the treatment you were undergoing should be mentioned in the written format. You should be aware of the medications you are taking for diabetes. It is necessary that you perform the A1C test. It is a common blood test that is used for the diagnosis of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It shows how you are managing your diabetes. You should report to the doctor immediately and remain safe in an isolation ward. The upcoming medical procedure will be controlled by doctors.

How Can the Virus Be Avoided?

You cannot actually detect the presence of a virus. It can be anywhere and it cannot be seen with your naked eyes. Therefore, it is good to be aware all the time. Social distancing is necessary to stay safe. Always maintain a certain distance from everyone. Keep your hands clean all the time by practicing proper hand hygiene techniques.

What Can People With Diabetes and Their Loved Ones Do?

As a precaution, you should focus on boosting your immunity. Eat healthy fruits and vegetables that enhance your immune power. Their loved ones should see to it that diabetic persons are healthy without any infections. They should check whether they are properly consuming medications for diabetes.

What Foods Help Reduce Diabetes?

Food control is highly essential for a diabetic patient. It is good for them to avoid certain foods that are rich in glucose. Avoid sweets, honey, beverages like coffee, tea, chocolates, and junk foods. Bread, dried fruits, pasta, and rice are not suitable for diabetic patients. Here is a list of food items to be followed.

  1. Seafood like fish. Fish is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids.

  2. Bottle Gourd Juice.

  3. Greens leafy vegetables. All the green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits are good nutritious choices.

  4. Yogurt.

  5. Eggs. Make sure they are boiled well.

  6. Cinnamon.

  7. Turmeric.

  8. Nuts like almonds.

What Is A1C Test and Why It Is Useful for Diabetic Patients?

A diabetic association in America has recommended that diabetic people should aim to maintain hemoglobin HbA1C level below 7 percent. Maintaining a level of less than 6.5 is much better for health. Your A1C level measures the quantity of glycated hemoglobin. The A1C test result reflects your average level of blood sugar for the past two to three months. The A1C test measures the percentage of hemoglobin in red blood cells. Higher the level of A1C, your blood sugar control will be poorer.

What Are the Sick Day Rules for Diabetic People?

  1. Keep yourselves hydrated.

  2. Regularly monitor your blood glucose levels.

  3. Check your body temperature to identify if you have a fever.

  4. If you are on insulin injections, monitor your ketone body level to detect diabetic ketoacidosis.

  5. Perform regular exercises at home.

  6. Get the help of health care professionals and their teams.

What Is the Control Key for Diabetic Patients With COVID-19?

The golden key for control in diabetic patients is maintaining the glycemic levels. Diabetic patients should be sure that they always have an adequate supply of the medications they regularly use. Any vitamin and mineral deficiency should be replaced immediately.

Are Peanuts Advisable for Diabetic Patients?

If you are a diabetic person, you need to check the glycemic content of all the food before consuming. Peanuts have a glycemic content of 13. It makes it a low GI value food. So, it is good to consume them. Eating peanuts or peanut butter during morning hours is ideal. It will not cause any ill-effects.

To know more about diabetes and COVID-19, call a doctor online.

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Last reviewed at:
31 Mar 2020  -  4 min read

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