What Happens When You Eat Too Much Carrots?
Diet and Nutrition Data Verified

Carrot Poisoning: From Nutritious to Noxious

Published on Mar 02, 2023 and last reviewed on Jul 17, 2023   -  4 min read


The chemical that gives carrots their vivid orange color, beta-carotene, can lead to toxicity if one consumes too many carrots. Read this article to know more.


Carrots are rich in nutrients, fiber, and vitamins. However, consuming too many carrots can produce excess beta-carotene, a compound that gives carrots their vibrant orange color and is a precursor to vitamin A. This may result in an overabundance of blood carotene, which can discolor the skin.

Because carotene is a fat-soluble substance, the disorder is known as carotenemia. It tends to build up excessively in the top layer of skin, producing yellow or orange skin, especially on the palms, soles, knees, and nose. High doses of carrot juice may result in harmful effects on the body. Those allergic to birch, mugwort, spices, ivy, parsley, celery, and allied plants may experience an allergic reaction to carrots.

Carotenemia can also affect adults, though it primarily affects newborns who consume too much-pureed carrot baby food. For example, a woman overdosed on oral carotene pills, causing her complexion to become yellow-orange. According to the Nutrient Database of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, one cup of raw, chopped carrots has roughly 15 mg of carotene; therefore, one must consume half a cup of chopped carrots daily for months to turn a shade of yellow.

Carotenemia has a striking outward look, yet it is often a harmless illness that may be treated.

What Are the Adverse Health Effects of Carrots?

The following are the adverse health effects of carrots:

Vitamin A Toxicity:

Hypervitaminosis A is another name for vitamin A toxicity. Loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, hair loss, exhaustion, and nasal bleeding are among the symptoms that can occur. Any excess vitamin A that the body does not need will be stored in the liver or fat cells. This might cause vitamin A to build up over time and eventually become poisonous.

  • Abdominal pain may be a reason for hospitalization for someone who overeats carrots.

  • It is possible to find raised to abnormally high levels of liver enzymes. There will be a diagnosis of mild vitamin A toxicity.

  • Up to 10,000 IU of vitamin A has been deemed safe. Anything more than that might be harmful. 459 mcg of beta-carotene, or approximately 1,500 IU of vitamin A, may be found in a half cup of carrot


  • Although eating a carrot rarely results in allergies, doing so when combined with other meals can. According to one medical study, eating ice cream with carrots produced allergic reactions. More than 25 percent of people with food allergies may also have carrot sensitivities. This might be connected to their hypersensitivity to particular proteins in carrots. Carrot allergies are particularly prevalent in those with pollen food syndrome.

  • Lip swelling or itching and eye and nasal irritation are signs of a carrot allergy. Occasionally, eating carrots can cause anaphylaxis (life-threatening allergic reactions).

  • Multiple organ systems may be impacted by chronic vitamin A poisoning. It may stop the growth of bones, making them brittle and prone to fracture. Kidney function could be affected by long-term vitamin A poisoning.


Carrots may be difficult for some people to digest. Consuming too many of them could worsen and eventually result in flatulence (or stomach gas).

Safety Concern for Infants:

The size of the carrots is more critical in this situation. Infants run the risk of choking on carrot sticks. As a result, one should limit how many carrots to feed the babies. Moreover, turn them into a paste.

Skin Discoloration:

In diet, beta carotene is mainly obtained from carrots. One of the few carotenoids that the body converts to vitamin A, a substance that safeguards excellent vision, eye health, and immunity, beta carotene is one of the most plentiful components of carrot nutrition.

Based on a 2,000-calorie diet, one cup of chopped, raw carrots supplies about 430 percent of the daily recommended requirement for vitamin A, whereas an 8-ounce glass of carrot juice gives more than twice that much. Since the body only converts beta carotene when necessary, eating a lot of carrots will not put one at risk for vitamin A overload.

On the other hand, carotenemia can result from high blood levels of beta-carotene. It is a benign disorder that can be brought on by eating too many carrots. The skin turns orange due to too much beta-carotene in the system.

Carotenemia is highly improbable unless one follows a stringent diet that requires one to consume excessive amounts of carrots over an extended period. There are around 4 milligrams of beta-carotene in one medium carrot. Beta-carotene intake of more than 20 milligrams per day for a few weeks can result in skin darkening.

These are the carrot side effects that one needs to be aware of. But as mentioned, consuming too many of them in one sitting is harmful. In any case, they are some of the healthiest snacks you can have.

Bowel Changes: A person will acquire around 4 grams of dietary fiber from a cup of chopped, raw carrots and about 5 grams from a cup of sliced, cooked carrots. Carrots are a good source of dietary fiber. More than 80 percent of the thread in raw carrots is insoluble fiber, which binds to water and aids in effective digestion and bowel regularity.

Consuming significant amounts of insoluble fiber might cause stomach pain and loose stools until the digestive system adjusts to the greater fiber intake. Even a slight increase in dietary fiber could temporarily disturb the bowels. If a person does not drink enough fluids to help the insoluble fiber move through the intestinal tract, a large intake of insoluble fiber might also result in constipation.

How Many Carrots Can a Person Eat in a Day?

About 509 micrograms (RAE, or retinol activity equivalent) of vitamin A can be found in one medium carrot.The maximum amount of vitamin A consumed daily without causing toxicity is 3,000 micrograms RAE. This is equivalent to between five and six carrots. Limiting oneself to three to four carrots every day is the safest course of action.


Root vegetables with many medical benefits include carrots, which are very nutrient-dense. Their strong antioxidant profile might help you in various ways if taken frequently. However, having more than four carrots daily may have several negative impacts. The same applies to carrot juice. More than 45,000 IU of vitamin A are included in one cup (236 grams) of carrot juice. Vitamin A toxicity, allergies, flatulence, and skin discoloration can all result from eating too many carrots. For infants, it is also dangerous. Therefore, consume them in the appropriate quantities to prevent any adverse effects.

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Last reviewed at:
17 Jul 2023  -  4 min read




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