Login      Sign Up
Emotional and Mental Health

Depression: Know the Types and Classical Signs

Written by Dr. Krishna.  

Depression is a common mental illness where there are feelings of sadness, despair, and loss of interest in daily life and activities. It is important to understand that feeling sad is different from clinical depression. While a low mood due to sadness is temporary and situational, depression is a serious condition and all-pervasive. Unlike believed by many, it is not imagined by the patient and it is not in their control to get back up. Nor are they a weak person who cannot boldly face the troubles of life. This is a misunderstanding. Clinical depression is an illness, a disorder. Depression works the same way as any other physical illness, say, ulcer, cancer, or tuberculosis. A person suffering from it cannot do much against it without proper attention and treatment from a psychiatrist.

Depression Vs. Clinical Depression

Depression and clinical depression are two different things. Depression is just sadness, which everyone suffers at some point, while clinical depression is a disorder or illness, in which a person remains sad and despaired for an unreasonably long time. This condition hampers his daily activities as well as the people around him.

There are many symptoms which differentiate sadness from clinical depression. Some of the notable criteria are:

  • The sadness prolongs for more than two weeks.
  • There is lack of interest in the activities once enjoyed.
  • Changes in sleep pattern and appetite.
  • A sudden change in weight.

These are some of the notable criteria by which you can judge and differentiate between a person with mere sadness and a patient with clinical depression.

Types of Depression

Clinical depression is an expansive term and covers many different types of depression in it. Doctors often use the term clinical depression for ‘major depression’. Although there are many different types, none are as severe as major depression. Since many of their symptoms are common, they are grouped under the same disorder.

1. Major Depression:

Major depression is basically clinical depression. It is also known as “unipolar disorder”. The symptoms are the same as some of those mentioned above. It is the most severe type of depression. It occurs in episodes, which may be a single episode, twice, or several times in a person’s lifetime. It is believed to affect the people below 40 to 45 years of age. It is severe enough to totally disturb and entangle one’s life and daily activities.

2. Dysthymic Disorder:

This is a less severe form of depression but involves long-term and chronic symptoms. Although it is a less severe form, it still prevents the patient from enjoying his/her life to the fullest. It prevents him from feeling good and acting to one’s full potential.

3. Bipolar Disorder:

Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression. It consists of alternating periods of mania (elevation of mood) and depression. When the manic cycle goes up, a person feels over-energetic and talkative. It may increase their sexual activities with little or no sleep. At this stage, a person might feel that he has super-powers and can do anything, which may bring embarrassment and lack of ability to work at full potential.

4. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD):

Seasonal affective disorder or SAD is a depression which directly relates to the weather and changes in weather and/or seasons or changes of seasons in a year, and/or brightness and duration of daylight. This sort of depression is often treated by artificial light therapy along with some medications. In this type, exposure to bright sunlight or artificial lights can effectively cure depressed moods.

Signs and Symptoms of Depression:

  1. The person feels sad and gloomy for an unreasonably long period of time.
  2. The depressed person feels absolutely hopeless and he thinks that nothing will improve. He will not make attempts to better his situation in any way possible.
  3. A depressed person loses interest in his daily activities as well as job. He/she does not work at full potential and does not bring out their full ability.
  4. A person with a depression disorder often does not take interest in activities which once were his favorite hobbies. They often do not take interest in sexual activities and pastimes.
  5. Significant changes in appetite and/or weight is one of the common symptoms and signs of depression. The change may be more than five percent a month.
  6. Another evident symptom of depression is that the person has changes in the sleep routine. He/she either suffers from insomnia (cannot sleep) or hypersomnia (oversleeping).
  7. Another sign of depression is when a person cannot control his temper and anger. He/she turns out to be a violent person. Everything seems to get on their nerves.
  8. Another symptom of depression is the loss of physical energy and strength. Even ordinary tasks seem to take longer than usual. A depressed person feels fatigued and exhausted all the time.
  9. A person with depression disorder often suffers from low self-esteem and blames himself and criticizes himself for the mistakes he has done.
  10. Another symptom of depression is that the person cannot concentrate. He finds trouble in concentration, focus and/or decision making.
  11. Headaches, physical pain, muscles pain, stomachache are also witnessed in patients with depression.
  12. Thoughts of death and/or suicide are also considered as symptoms of depression. A person suffering from depression especially thinks of suicide with or without reason.

For more information consult a depression specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/psychiatrist/depression

Last reviewed at: 26.Dec.2018


1 review   26

Do you have a question on Depression or Depressive Disorder?
* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Related Questions & Answers

I am feeling low and have fear of gaining weight. Please help.
Query: Hello doctor, I have been feeling low for quite some time. I have crying spells for no reason. I have fear of gaining weight. So I hardly eat anything and compensate the calories consumed by exercising and sometimes throwing up after eating. I am not able to concentrate on my studies. I end up star...  Read Full »
Dr. Vishal Anilkumar Gandhi

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. You may have a major depressive disorder. You should take antidepressants for short time. You can take tablet Fluoxetine 20 mg daily for short time. Do not worry about your weight. You have a low BMI. Do not follow any actress or model. Take healthy food, avoid jun...  Read Full »
I have crying spells and I get angry easily. Are these symptoms of depression?
Query: Hello doctor, I am going through a mental breakdown. I give up on everything very easily. If I am at home, I tend to cry a lot thinking about my future. I am scared that my future is going to be bad. I try making up myself and getting strong. I get angry immediately and hurt others verbally and the...  Read Full »
Dr. Ashok Kumar Choudhary

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your query and understand your concerns. First of all, I would like to inform you that the presence of mental breakdown in addition to irritability with sudden outbursts of anger, hopelessness, excessive concern about the future, fearfulness, sadness, crying spe...  Read Full »
Depression - Awareness, Self-Diagnosis, and Treatment Modalities
Article Overview: Depression is among the top five causes of morbidity in today’s world. It remains largely undiagnosed and underreported because of a lack of adequate knowledge, both among the patients as well as the physicians. It is majorly characterized by the presence of a continuous sad mood, anhedonia, and easy fatiguability along with a host of secondary symptoms, which aid in quantifying the severity of the depressive disorder. So, it is the need of the hour that awareness is raised among the masses regarding this illness that is soon poised to be the number one cause of morbidity.  Read Article »
Dr. Ajay Singh

Depression has been recorded in the annals of history since time immemorial, but never has it assumed so much significance as it has in today’s world. With the advent of technology today, the human society is evolving by leaps and bounds with every passing day. As the saying goes that every co ...  Read Article »
Can depression be a cause for weight loss?
Query: Hi doctor, I am suffering from gastric problem for the last one and a half month. I lost 4 kg due to depression. I did my whole body checkup and all the reports are clear. But, I am having pain in my right hand muscle as well as have body pain. Is it due to depression? I studied about leukemia on i...  Read Full »
Dr. Pooja Pardhi
Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your query. There are many causes for weight loss. Weight loss can be due to depression. Even any chronic infection in body can cause weight loss. If you are not taking proper diet due to gastric problem, then this might also the reason for your w...  Read Full »
How to overcome my depression symptoms?
Query: Hello doctor, I am a 42 year old male. I feel extremely weak after sleeping in the afternoon on weekends. And even after taking breakfast I feel sleepy, and I sleep off. I got a kidney transplant done five years back, and I am under psychiatric treatment from the past 15 years. I currently take the ...  Read Full »
Dr. Seikhoo Bishnoi

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I can understand your concern. You are on 20 mg Nexito (Escitaprolam), Modafinil 25 mg, and 25 mg Quetiapine, even with these medicines, your symptoms are persistent. So, some minor changes in medicines will help you to come out of these symptoms. In suggest try takin...  Read Full »
Is there a permanent solution for repeated depressive episodes?
Query: Hello doctor, My husband is 32 years old and he got his first depressive episode five years back due to business stress. After that he is undergoing depressive episodes every year. He becomes fine after taking anti-depressants and does all his work normally. But again after few days depression repe...  Read Full »
Dr. Nidhi Jain Bukharia
Psychologist Counsellor

Answer: Hi,Welcome to icliniq.com.It means it is a recurrent depressive disorder. Lamitor (Lamotrigine) is a mood stabilizer. So continue it. If illness worsens, start an antidepressant. There is no permanent solution for it. Only keep positivity in your life. Do meditation daily. Read good inspirational bo...  Read Full »

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours

Related Tags