Corona is a virus that belongs to the vast range of virus families. It causes mild to severe symptoms. Mild ones may be cold and cough, whereas severe ones include a 2- 3.4 % mortality rate. Though there are different sources of transmission, mainly it occurs through direct contact with the person infected with corona or from animals. The transmission occurring from animals is called zoonotic transmission.
The disease caused by coronavirus is named by WHO as Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The Middle East respiratory syndrome is another variant of corona which infects bats, camels, and humans.
It may take two days to two weeks (14 days) to show the symptoms.
If you experience the above symptoms, then kindly consult an infectious diseases specialist immediately for a screening.
The World Health Organization declared the coronavirus outbreak as a pandemic one (prevalence of a disease all throughout the country or world). The number of patients affected outside China has risen by 13-fold. Many health organizations have declared that Coronavirus is more deadly than flu. After Influenza this is the biggest pandemic disease reducing the population.
Till now, the mortality rate is 3.4% as per WHO. Overall, 723,328 cases confirmed with 34,005 deaths and 151,991 recovered cases.
Accroding to 31/3/2020 10.00AM
There are specific laboratory tests to detect coronavirus. They are swab test, nasal and tracheal aspirate test, sputum test and hematological tests. In swab test, a cotton swab is placed inside the nose or throat and studied for Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR).
In nasal aspiration method, a saline solution is inserted into the nose and the sample is removed with mild suction. Tracheal aspirate is collected using bronchoscopy instrument which goes into the lungs. Sputum test collects samples when the sputum is expelled during coughing or sneezing.
Hematological tests include a number of blood tests. Also, chest radiography or computed tomography (CT) to diagnose the status of lungs. Thermal scanners are used in many places to determine the increased temperature in humans. However, this will not detect people with infection.
There has been a huge challenge for health care workers and this challenge has increased to greater volumes due to the demand for gloves, masks, goggles, gowns, aprons, face shields and respirators.
The economic growth has very much reduced because many factories in China are shutting down. In the northern part of Italy, a major firm that makes automotive parts across European countries had to shut down. As the supply chain gets disrupted, it has been a difficult situation for the United States and other developing countries to substitute for the loss of supply.
Not only factories, but many software and smartphone manufacturing companies are also facing great downfall. Multinational companies that were dependant on Chinese consumers had to totally close down their company. The economic value has become very uncertain and the stock market value has decreased. A decline in economic growth has occurred in two ways.
Spreading of the virus through goods and toys made in China is not true. If you feel a particular area is infected with the new coronavirus, it is ideal to wipe it with disinfectant. After cleaning, make sure you wash your hands with soap and water.
Antibiotics and Antiviral drugs cannot help. Anti-retroviral drugs are known to contribute to the treatment. As of now, there is no proper treatment established.
But treating only the symptoms are known to have better clarity for doctors. Favilavir is the drug adopted in both China and Japan. A drug developed by APEIRON Biologics was named as APN01 is being tested in China as a treatment for Covid-19.
This antiviral medication has shown efficacy in treating the coronavirus and was approved by China's National Medical Products Administration for marketing. Gilead Sciences is an American biotechnology company that researches, develops and commercializes drugs. This group is under clinical trials to check whether the drug Remdesivir can cure coronavirus. There are more than 20 companies pursuing vaccines for coronavirus.
In a health care center, the term quarantine refers to a duration of time when a person is isolated from other people in order to avoid the spreading of a particular disease. In-home quarantine, all the individuals are ordered to stay at home by their respective nations to prevent the spreading of disease.
Home quarantine also includes a person who are not affected. This is done to prevent excessive transmission in the community. In a non-clinical setup, home quarantine also includes isolation of someone who is suspected to be infected (might be with COVID-19). It extends for a period of 14 days.
All fabrics can be contaminated by respiratory droplets that may contain the coronavirus. Scientists say that the droplets will dry over time, and the virus might become inactive, but all this depends on the humidity and temperature.
Preliminary information about the COVID-19 virus suggests that it can survive on someone's dress or skin for a few hours to many days. So, make sure you wash and disinfect your hands and clothes properly.
The spread of other strains of coronaviruses did wane during summer, as people are more exposed to sun rays, which can kill viruses. But, according to the CDC, it is still not known whether the spread of COVID-19 will be affected by hot temperatures. Investigations are on to learn more about this virus.
WHO recommends machine washing patient's dress, bedsheets, and all the linens used by him or her with warm water (60 to 90° C) with laundry detergent. The clothes should then be dried under sunlight.
If washing machines are not available, then clothes have to be soaked in hot water and soap and use a stick to stir the clothes in water and avoid splashing. Then the clothes should be soaked in 0.05 % chlorine for around 30 minutes. After which the linens should be properly rinsed and then dried under sunlight.
It is still not clear whether the new coronavirus spreads through eating food touched or contaminated by an infected person. The virus has been detected in the stool of some infected people, so currently, the possibility of the infection being transmitted through infected food cannot be ruled out. So, it is better to discard the food than to risk it.
The virus will most likely be killed during cooking, which is not true for raw fruits and salads.
We do not know the exact temperature at which the virus dies, so reheating it would not be the best idea.
UV-C ultraviolet light is being used to disinfect hospital equipment, walls, floors, currency, and mobile phones, as the other strains of coronaviruses have shown to be sensitive. But it is still not certain if UV lights can kill the novel coronavirus. Avoid using UV light to disinfect your skin, as it can irritate it.
According to the company, Dettol has been effective against other strains of coronaviruses. As COVID-19 is structurally similar to these strains, they expect it to be 99.99 % effective also. But only after health authorities release the new strain will Dettol test its efficacy. 1:2 diluted mixture of Dettol can be used as a sanitizer and disinfectant.
Salt or saltwater might not disinfect fruits and vegetables, but it will help remove 75 to 80 % pesticide residues.
According to the CDC, a person infected with the new coronavirus is most contagious when he or she shows the most symptoms (symptomatic). But, there have been reports of the virus spreading from infected people even before they start showing signs.
2 MINS READ
The current Coronavirus (COVID-19) is declared as a pandemic of public health importance and many countries have been affected. The cases are increasing day by day...
4 MINS READ
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder. In this disorder, the patient is known to have increased blood sugar levels than normal. This may be due to genetics, environmental factors...
4 MINS READ
Coronavirus disease (COVID -19) is a new viral disease, which is shaking the world and the medical field with a lot of challenges...
2 MINS READ
I have anxiety and depression but no immunodeficiency disorders or chronic diseases. First, I wanna know if my immune system...
6 MINS READ
In these times when coronavirus is raging through the world, killing hundreds of thousands of innocent people...
3 MINS READ
I am suffering from coughing, throat infection from last week. At that time fever did not persist and also did not felt any chest pain...