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Speech Therapy

Published on Mar 01, 2022 and last reviewed on Apr 09, 2022   -  4 min read

Abstract

Speech therapy is a vital treatment for speech problems in children. Read the article to know more about speech therapy.

Contents

What Is Speech Therapy?

Speech therapy is one of the treatment modalities that is used for the assessment of language-related pathologies. It serves as one of the most fundamental ways to treat communication issues and speech disorders. It is usually done by a medical professional called a speech-language pathologist (SLP). They are commonly addressed as speech therapists.

Speech therapy techniques are beneficial in the improvement of communication disorders. There are various branches under the umbrella term, speech therapy. These include articulation therapy, language intervention activities, and other activities that mainly depend on the type of speech or language disorders that have been diagnosed clinically. Speech therapy might be needed primarily to treat speech disorders prone to develop during childhood or speech impairments that happen during adulthood caused by any injuries or illnesses, such as a stroke or brain damage by a tumor, etc.

What Are the Disorders That Require Speech Therapy?

Many known speech and language disorders can be treated using various types of speech therapies. Those are as follows:

How Is Speech Therapy Practiced in Children?

In children, during speech therapy, the speech-language pathologist will interact with the child through activities like talking, playing, and using books, pictures, and other objects as a part of language evaluation and treatment to help stimulate language development in those children.

A model of the correct sounds and syllables to a child should be taught during play to educate the kid about making specific sounds. The speech therapy will provide varied strategies in proper speech formation and homework to train the child. The parents and the caregivers will be taught to give speech therapy to the children in a home setup.

How Is Speech Therapy Practiced in Adults?

Speech therapy for adults initially begins with a careful and detailed assessment to determine the patient's needs. Speech therapy exercises for adults are focused on helping them with speech formation language difficulties and creating ease in cognitive-communication. Therapy may focus on retraining independent swallowing function if there is a history of injury or medical issues, like Parkinson's disorder or any oral cancer that causes swallowing difficulties.

Exercises that are done during the therapy involves:

What Is the Prognosis for Speech Therapy?

The success rate of improvement in speech disorders depends on speech therapy. It varies widely between the type of underlying disorder that needs treatment and the age groups in which speech therapy is used. The onset of starting speech therapy once the speech disorder is not diagnosed can also influence the prognosis. Speech therapy for young children has been very successful, especially when it starts early. The prognosis further increases when the treatment is practiced at home, with the help of a parent or caregiver.

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Last reviewed at:
09 Apr 2022  -  4 min read

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