Skin and Beauty

Skin Rejuvenation

Written by
Dr. Suvash Sahu
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Aug 25, 2016 and last reviewed on Nov 19, 2018   -  2 min read

Abstract

Abstract

Most of us desire to have a youthful appearance, as greater physical attractiveness can have psychological benefits affecting a person's social interaction, job status, and personal image. In this article, I have discussed a few measures to maintain one's youthful appearance.

Skin Rejuvenation

Aging is a continuous ongoing chronological process. It is genetically controlled and inevitable. The desire to maintain a youthful appearance and delay the changes of aging is becoming a common demand nowadays.

The aging of facial skin is a genetically driven one. Basically, it is out of one's control, whereas some measures can be taken when it is affected by sun exposure, environmental insults, stress, sleep patterns, smoking, poor nutrition, etc.

Chronological Skin Changes

Aging skin problems are seen more in the dermis (inner layer of skin) than the epidermis (outer layer of skin).

Epidermal Changes

Epidermis becomes thinner with the increase in the fragility of the skin and results in less nutrient transfer from the dermis to the epidermis. A decrease in fat contents in cells leads to an increase in transepidermal water loss (TEWL).

Epidermal turnover will get reduced, that is decreased shedding of skin leads to increased accumulation of old skin and delayed skin layer replacement by 30% to 50%. This ineffective desquamation makes the skin dull and tough.

Dermal Changes:

There is a 20% reduction in dermal thickness. It becomes more acellular and avascular. Collagen production decreases and an increase in elastic fragmentation will lead to decreased elasticity and sagging. 35% reduction in venous vasculature will lead to slow blood flow and nutrient exchange.

Skin Rejuvenation:

Although several treatments are available for skin rejuvenation, prevention is still paramount and should be emphasized. The rejuvenation program consists of the following modalities depending on the patient's skin condition, the age of the patient and most importantly, the expectation and desire of the patient.

  • Protection from extrinsic factor (UVR - ultraviolet rays) with proper sunscreen, caps, umbrella, and clothing. Daily skin care cleansing and moisturizing.
  • The habit of adequate sleep and fluid intake. Also, should reduce or avoid smoking and alcohol.
  • Systemic therapy with adequate nutrition (proteins and iron) and antioxidants (vitamins A, C, E, and minerals).
  • Cosmeceuticals with Alpha-hydroxy acid, Tretinoin, Hydroquinone and vitamin C are helpful.
  • Nonsurgical therapy such as face massage, face packs and masks, iontophoresis, antigravity exercise, and microcurrent therapy are beneficial.
  • Surgical therapies such as chemical peeling (Glycolic or TCA - trichloroacetic acid), radiosurgery, microdermabrasion, laser, cold steel surgery, liquid nitrogen cryotherapy, dermabrasion, dermal fillers, Botox and other surgical procedures like facelifts or rhytidectomy, blepharoplasty, etc.
  • If there are any associated cutaneous disorders like seborrheic warts, acrochordons, etc., then that should also be treated.

For clarifications regarding skin rejuvenation, consult a cosmetologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/cosmetologist

Last reviewed at:
19 Nov 2018  -  2 min read

RATING

15
Ask a QueryAsk a Query Consult by PhoneConsult by Phone Video ChatVideo Chat

Tags:

Related Questions & Answers


Kindly suggest a face wash, sunscreen lotion and overnight cream for oily skin.

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 25 year old boy and my face is very oily during summer while in winters it is quite dry. In summers, a lot of oil pops out with white heads on my face. Even a short-term sun exposure tans my skin. I am also suffering from the problem of dark spots. Kindly suggest a face wash, su...  Read Full »


Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Ahaglow (alpha hydroxy acid) face wash can be used to wash the face. La shield sunscreen can be used in the morning as it is non-comedogenic. Please upload an image of your face, so that depending on the skin type, pigmentation, and acne, medications can be suggest...  Read Full »

Please suggest tips for very dry skin.

Query: Hello doctor,I am a 20 year old female. I have too much dry skin. I mean extra dry skin. I use almond oil and moisturizing soap, but it is not effective.  Read Full »


Dr. Ashwini V Swamy
Dermatologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The skin has to be moisturized well soon after a shower. Use a moisturizer which has ceramide in it like Eucerine moisturizer. Apply to body as soon as you come out of a shower. Continue using a moisturizing soap. Avoid hot shower, use warm water. Drink two to three l...  Read Full »

Why is my face darker than the rest of my body?

Query: Hello doctor, The color of the skin on my face is too dark when compared to the skin on my nose, cheeks, and rest of my body. How can I restore the original color on my face?  Read Full »


Dr. Suvina Attavar
Dermatologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The skin often darkens due to tanning under the effect of UV (ultraviolet) rays. I would strongly recommend using a sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30. The sunscreen has to be applied at least half an hour before you go out and has to be reapplied every four hours till ...  Read Full »

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Sunscreen or Chemical Peels?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.
Enter Your Health Query
You can upload files and images in the next step.

Fee:  

 


Disclaimer: All health articles published on this website is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.