Dermatologists and Skin Care Data Verified

Common Illnesses During Summer

Published on May 03, 2021 and last reviewed on Mar 10, 2022   -  6 min read


Common summer illnesses are diseases that are quite common during the summer season. Read the article to know more about these diseases, including ways to prevent them.

Common Illnesses During Summer

While winter is called the “season of illness,” some infections or illnesses are more common during spring and summer. As if the heat was not enough, getting sick in the summer is challenging. In order to enjoy your summer vacation, pool-side parties, and barbecue picnics, know about the common summer illnesses and ways to prevent and treat them effectively. It is better to prevent it rather than to treat the illnesses. To learn how you can prevent and treat ten of the worst summer sicknesses, please read on.

What Are the Most Common Summer Illnesses?

1) Common Summer Flu:

The flu is caused by the influenza virus and it is highly contagious. Usually, flu is quite common in winter. Despite the seasonal variations, there are people who experience common flu during the summer. The common flu symptoms are:

What Are the Home Remedies?

  1. Salt Water Gargling: Gargling with salt water is often used for sore throats, cold, etc. It is effective in relieving infections and preventing them from getting worse.

  2. Honey: Honey has antimicrobial and antibacterial properties, so it can ease throat pain. It is also an effective cough suppressant.

  3. Garlic: Garlic contains antimicrobial properties. Hence it can reduce the severity of the symptoms of a cold.

  4. Vitamin C: Lemons, oranges, and grapes are rich in Vitamin C. Hence it reduces phlegm. It also helps to improve the immune system.

2) Heat Stroke:

Heat stroke is a condition in which the body temperature is elevated dramatically. It is also known as Sunstroke. The common signs you need to look for heat stroke are:

How to Prevent Heat Stroke?

3) Sunburn:

Sunburn is seen when your skin gets exposed to too much of the sun’s ultraviolet rays. When sunburn appears, the skin turns red. You may also notice small blisters on the sunburned skin.

What Are the Complications of Sunburn?

Prolonged sun exposure can lead to skin cancer. It can also damage your eyes.

How to Prevent Sunburns?

4) Food Poisoning:

Food poisoning is a food-borne disease. It happens when toxin-contaminated food is ingested. It is also caused by infectious agents like parasites, viruses, or any bacteria. The most common causes of food poisoning are:

What Are the Symptoms of Food Poisoning?

How Is Food Poisoning Treated At Home?

How to Prevent Food Poisoning?

When Should You Visit the Doctor?

Usually, food poisoning resolves within two to three days. But you should see the doctor when you have the following signs:

5) Lyme Disease:

Lyme disease is a tick-borne disease. It is caused by the bacterium Borrelia Burgdorferi. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected tick. It is most likely to be contracted during the summer months. The symptoms are:

How Do You Prevent Lyme Disease?

If any ticks are noticed anywhere on your body, remove them quickly. So the incidence of Lyme disease will be low. After removing the tick, wash the area and immediately apply any Antiseptic cream to that infected area.

6) Coxsackie Virus:

The Coxsackievirus is one of the Enteroviruses. It is usually transmitted by the fecal-oral route. Infants and young children are more susceptible to this Coxsackievirus. More than 50% do not show any symptoms at all. Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a type A coxsackievirus. It is most commonly seen in children. It can cause small blisters on the tongue, palms, and feet. It usually goes away on its own within a week.

How to Prevent the Coxsackie Virus?

The best way to prevent it is by keeping your hands and legs clean. Maintain proper hygiene.

Wash your hands frequently.

7) Eczema:

Eczema is a common skin disease. It is commonly seen in children. It is also called Atopic Dermatitis, and it appears as dry, scaly rashes on the skin. Increased sweating during the summer can aggravate the condition. The other symptoms of eczema are:

How to Treat Eczema?

8) Mumps:

Among all the summer diseases, mumps is the most contagious viral disease. It is transmitted when an infected person coughs or sneezes near you. Children are more susceptible. It typically starts with common flu symptoms like fever, headaches, muscle pain, and fatigue. It usually affects the salivary glands, and hence people may experience swelling of the salivary glands. Swelling of the salivary glands can show puffy cheeks and swollen jaws.

The best way to prevent mumps is to get vaccinated with a Mumps vaccine that is MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella) vaccine. The MMR vaccine is safe and effective. Side effects from this vaccine are very rare.

When Is the MMR Vaccine Administered?

The right time to get the vaccine is in two schedules:

9) Chickenpox:

Chickenpox is a viral infection caused by the Varicella-Zoster virus. It mainly affects kids. It is highly contagious. The common symptoms and signs of chickenpox are:

Are You Susceptible to the Chickenpox Virus More Than Once, and When?

10) Typhoid:

Typhoid is a water-borne disease caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. It is spread through the fecal-oral route. It can be transmitted from person to person. The symptoms of typhoid are:

How to Prevent It?

The best way to prevent it is to get vaccinated. Once vaccinated, the bacteria are injected in the form of medicine, and immunity is built against it. Maintain proper hygiene.


The reason for the outbreak of diseases during summer are the favorable weather conditions for the bacteria, virus, or parasites to breed. As the saying goes, “ Prevention is better than cure.” It is better to prevent the diseases rather than struggling with them. The most common and best ways to avoid summer illnesses are:

You can enjoy your summer with proper precautions.

Last reviewed at:
10 Mar 2022  -  6 min read




Comprehensive Medical Second Opinion.Submit your Case

Related Questions & Answers

I get chills and feel frozen even with a slight cold breeze. What is my problem?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 23-year-old female. I have severe chills that I needed to wear thick sweaters and jackets at home without AC or fan. I do not feel the heat. And just cold water or slight cold breeze in the morning makes my head frozen or close to shutting down and it is getting worse. It always s...  Read Full »

My cousin is not talking to anyone and remains silent. Why?

Query: Hello doctor, My cousin is a 23 year old student who is good at academics. He has limited himself to his room. He is not going out at all. Nowadays his exams are over. He does not talk with our family members. He does not have food for days together. If anyone, even his mother tries to talk with hi...  Read Full »

My frequent urination problem stopped after I started masturbating. Are they related?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 19 year old male, who weighs 72 kg and 176 cm tall. About 3 to 4 years ago, I was urinating every 5 to 10 minutes, so I used some medicines. It took about two months to get rid of this illness, but it did not heal completely. For the first two years, I was urinating in every 1...  Read Full »

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Summer Illnesses or ?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website. Read our Editorial Process to know how we create content for health articles and queries.