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Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a complication of diabetes mellitus, which results in blindness due to damage to the retina. It does not cause any symptoms or produces very mild symptoms early on. There are two types of DR, namely non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), which is a milder form, and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), which is the most advanced stage. The other symptoms seen in DR are blurred vision, floaters in the eye, empty areas in your vision, poor night vision, bad color vision, and sudden loss of eyesight. The complications associated with DR are vitreous hemorrhage, detached retina, and glaucoma. People who have uncontrolled diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol are more susceptible to develop diabetic retinopathy. Depending on the severity, DR can be treated by either focal laser treatment (photocoagulation), scatter laser treatment (pan-retinal photocoagulation), and vitrectomy.
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