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About "General surgery"
General surgery is a branch of surgical specialty that deals with the surgical treatment of the diseases affecting any organ from the mouth to the anus. It normally focuses on acute abdominal complaints like appendicitis, hernias, gallbladder stones, stomach and intestinal issues. A general surgeon is a specialist who is trained to diagnose and provide medical and surgical treatments for patients suffering from a broad spectrum of surgical conditions affecting almost any part of the body.
A general surgeon is trained to care for the whole patient, which includes diagnosis, preoperative, operative, and post-operative management of patients. They are experienced to handle surgery of the alimentary tract, abdomen, breast, skin, soft tissue, endocrine system (thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas), vascular system (except the intracranial and heart vessels), congenital defects, surgical treatment of cancer, comprehensive management of trauma, and complete care for critically ill patient.
Due to technological advancement, procedures like major abdominal surgeries are being replaced by minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques. These techniques often reduce pain, accelerates healing, and reduces cost without sacrificing good outcomes. General surgeons perform life-saving surgeries like appendicectomy, splenectomy, and curative cancer surgery every day. Surgical management requires skill in complex decision making and excellent hand-eye coordination. Through online medical platforms, it has become easy to consult and get second opinions from professionally trained general surgeons from anywhere in the world.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who is a general surgeon?
A doctor who is trained to deal with the diagnosis, operative, preoperative, and postoperative care of a patient requiring surgery is called a general surgeon.
What are the roles of a general surgeon?
General surgery, contrary to the name, is a surgical specialty that deals with surgical treatment of organs in the abdomen, such as stomach, liver, esophagus, small and large intestine, pancreas, appendix, etc., and also thyroid glands. Apart from operating on these organs, a general surgeon also treats diseases affecting the breast, skin, and various hernias.
What are the common procedures that a general surgeon performs?
The common surgical procedures performed by a general surgeon are:
- Breast biopsy.
- Hernia repair.
What are the different types of surgeries?
The different types of surgeries are:
- Emergency surgery - cholecystectomy, appendicectomy.
- Laparoscopic surgery.
- Colorectal surgeries for inflammatory bowel diseases and diverticulitis.
- Breast surgery - mastectomy, lumpectomy.
- Endocrine surgery.
- Transplant surgery.
- Surgical oncology.
- Pediatric surgery.
Can a general surgeon operate on the heart?
No! Cardiovascular surgeons operate on the heart to treat various illnesses. A general surgeon is not trained to operate on the heart.
What is general vascular surgery?
Vascular surgeries are surgeries done on the vascular system of the body, which comprises of arteries, veins, and lymphatic system.
Do general surgeons operate on trauma cases?
Yes, if the trauma or injury involves the organs in the abdominal region, then general surgeons do operate on them.
Do general surgeons operate on cancer?
A surgical oncologist, which is a specialty of a general surgeon, operate on cancer. They commonly operate on cancer affecting the pancreas, stomach, and intestines.