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A Hematologist is a doctor concerned with diseases related to blood and blood-forming organs. They deal with a wide variety of diseases like blood cancer, bleeding disorders (hemophilia, Von Willebrand disease, etc.), autoimmune diseases, genetic conditions involving blood, anemia, etc.
If you have been referred to them it means there is some abnormality with the blood. The Hematologist will do certain tests with respect to your medical and personal histories and present symptoms like hematocrit, bleeding time, microscopic studies, etc., to diagnose the pathology. Once the diagnosis is confirmed they will treat you accordingly which may range from a balanced diet, medicines to stem cell transplant or blood transfusion or clotting factors administration, and much more.
With the advancements in technology, it has become easier than before to consult a hematologist online to help you with the queries. You can attach your reports, write in detail about the problem and add images to get the diagnosis and treatment plan.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the role of a hematologist?
Physicians who specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating patients with disorders of the blood and lymphatic system are called hematologists. If you have a disease affecting the blood cells, bone marrow, spleen, and lymph nodes, you will be referred to a hematologist.
What conditions does a hematologist treat?
Hemophilia, sepsis, leukemia, anemia, thalassemia, deep vein thrombosis, and lymphoma are the common conditions treated by a hematologist.
What are the tests that a hematologist does?
Hematologists use the following tests to diagnose blood disorders:
- Complete blood count.
- Prothrombin time (PT).
- Partial thromboplastin time (PTT).
- International normalized ratio (INR).
- Bone marrow biopsy.
What are the early signs of blood cancer?
The early signs of blood cancer are:
- Frequent infections.
- Petechiae (red tiny spots on the skin).
- Bone tenderness.
- Easy bruising.
What are the different types of blood cancer?
The main types of blood cancer are:
- Leukemia - Cancer of the blood and bone marrow.
- Lymphoma - Cancer affecting the lymphatic system.
- Myeloma - Cancer of the blood’s plasma cells.
When to consult a hematologist?
If you are experiencing symptoms such as severe bleeding after a minor injury, heavy menstruation, nosebleeds, easy bruising, blood in urine, and tiny red dots on the skin, it is best to consult a hematologist, as these are common signs of blood disorder.
Can a hematologist treat cancer?
Some hematologists treat blood cancers. They do not treat operable cancers but diagnose and treat blood cancers like leukemia, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and multiple myeloma.
How does a hematologist diagnose lymphoma?
A hematologist diagnoses lymphoma through examining enlarged lymph nodes or spleen, lymph node biopsy, bone marrow aspiration, or performing imaging tests like CT scan, MRI, or PET scan.