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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition where the stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, which is the pipe that connects the mouth to the stomach. The risk factors for GERD are obesity, smoking, pregnancy, and taking medicines like painkillers, antihistamines, sedatives, antidepressants, and calcium channel blocker. The symptoms include nausea, vomiting, bad breath, difficulty swallowing, and tooth decay. If left untreated, GERD can lead to esophagitis, esophageal stricture, Barret’s esophagus, laryngitis, and pneumonia. Medicines belonging to the H2 blockers, antacids, prokinetics, and Erythromycin are used in its treatment.
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