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About "Obstetrics and Gynaecology"
Obstetrics and gynecology are two different medical specialties that deal with various aspects of the female reproductive system. Obstetrics focuses explicitly on the welfare of pregnant women, their unborn child, labor, and delivery of the baby. And gynecology deals with all the disorders and diseases affecting the female reproductive organs like uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, and the vagina. A doctor trained in both these fields is called an obstetrician and gynecologist.
An obstetrician is trained to handle complications that may occur during pregnancy and childbirth like ectopic pregnancy, fetal distress, pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy), cesarean, and placenta problems. They also help infertility treatment and fetal diagnostic procedures.
A gynecologist focuses on the non-pregnancy part of the woman’s reproductive health. Regular gynecological examinations are essential for a woman’s health. They treat various conditions such as vaginal infections, painful intercourse, cancer of the reproductive organs, irregular menstruation, menstrual pain, menopausal symptoms, cervical and vaginal polyps, ovarian cyst, fibroids, etc. They also perform surgical procedures like hysterectomy, oophorectomy, salpingectomy, tubal ligation, come biopsy, and labiaplasty.
These specialties aim in providing preventive health care and treatment for diseases seen in women of all ages and provide support for mother and baby from conception to birth. If you are having your first baby or dealing with menopause or any problem during menstruation, you can consult an obstetrician and gynecologist online.
Frequently Asked Questions
How does an obstetrician differ from a gynecologist?
Both obstetricians and gynecologists are trained to deal with female reproductive health, which includes pregnancy and childbirth, and treating diseases affecting the female reproductive organs like ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix. Obstetrics and gynecology are different branches of medicine but are combined together to provide comprehensive care for women. Obstetrics mainly focuses on pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum care, while gynecology focuses on female reproductive organs including breasts.
What is the role of an obstetrician?
Obstetrics is the field of medicine that deals with women’s care during and after pregnancy. A doctor who specializes in this field is called an obstetrician. Such a doctor is experienced in delivering babies and provide complete antenatal (during pregnancy) and postnatal (after delivery) care. They can manage high-risk pregnancies and can perform C-sections when needed.
Can an obstetrician deliver babies?
Yes, obstetricians are specifically trained to deliver babies. They can handle deliveries for high-risk pregnancies, and can even perform cesarean if needed.
Can an obstetrician perform C-section?
Delivering a baby surgically is called a c-section. Normal vaginal birth is not an option for a few pregnant women. An obstetrician will monitor your pregnancy and if due to some complications you need c-section, your obstetrician will perform it.
Are obstetricians and gynecologists trained to do surgery?
Yes, they are. Obstetricians and gynecologists are trained to perform various minor and diagnostic surgeries. The common procedures include endometrial biopsy, Pap smear, vulvar biopsy, ovarian cystectomy, tubal ligation, hysteroscopy, hysterectomy, cervical cerclage, dilatation and curettage, and C-sections.
How do an obstetrician and gynecologist treat miscarriage?
Miscarriage before 6 weeks of pregnancy usually does not require any treatment. If you are having a miscarriage, depending on how far along are you, the obstetrician and gynecologist will give medicines that will clear the uterus of pregnancy tissue or perform minor surgery. Your doctor will perform a procedure called D and C (dilatation and curettage), where the pregnancy tissue is manually scraped off the uterine wall.
How to decide if you need to consult an obstetrician or a gynecologist?
If you are suffering from conditions of the reproductive organs like irregular periods, intermenstrual bleeding, abnormal vaginal discharge, growth in the vagina or cervix, etc., it is best to consult a gynecologist. And if you want to get pregnant, or are already pregnant, then consult an obstetrician for prenatal and postnatal care.
What is the role of a gynecologist?
The conditions that a gynecologist treats are:
- Fertility problems.
- Menstrual disorder.
- Sexually transmitted infections.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
- Hormonal imbalance.
- Cancers of the reproductive organs.
- Sexual dysfunction.
At what age should you consult a gynecologist?
You should make sure you consult a gynecologist when your daughter turns 13 years of age, even if she does not have any problems. Most girls start menstruating between 11 and 12 years. The gynecologist will perform a general pelvic examination.