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The study of various diseases is called pathology. Medical pathology is the study of the process and diagnosis of a disease. Pathologists investigate the cause of illnesses and injuries through the examination of organs, tissues, body fluids, cells, and molecules. Medical pathology can be broadly classified into anatomical, clinical, molecular, and oral and maxillofacial pathology. Cytopathology, dermatopathology, forensic pathology, histopathology, neuropathology, and renal pathology are a few examples of anatomical pathology. Clinical pathology includes hematopathology, immunopathology, and radiation pathology.
Pathologists play a crucial role in research, advancing medicine, and keep forming new treatments to fight infections and cancer. They also investigate the effects of new drugs by studying the responses on virus and bacteria. They diagnose various illness by analyzing various body fluids like plasma, urine, stool, mucosal secretions, and cerebrospinal fluid. In histopathology, body tissues are examined for any disease, by studying the architecture of the tissue and the relationship between different tissue types. In cytopathology, the body cells are tested for any abnormalities. Forensic pathology includes autopsy, which is done not only to know the cause of death but also to see the genetic progression of a disease.
Pathologists examine tissue biopsies to determine if the cancer is benign (non-spreading) or malignant (spreading). They also conduct toxicology tests to detect the presence of illegal drugs and poisons. A pathologist works closely with other specialists to determine the best treatment plan available, thus giving comprehensive healthcare to patients. To know more about the cause and prevention of diseases, ask questions to professionally trained pathologists online.