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A surgeon who performs plastic surgeries, which are surgeries that involve restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of parts of the human body, is called a plastic surgeon. They perform not only cosmetic surgeries but also perform reconstructive surgeries for patients who have injuries from accidents or congenital disabilities.
The cosmetic surgeries are done on normal body parts to improve the person’s appearance or to remove signs of aging. The most common cosmetic surgeries include breast augmentation, breast reduction, liposuction, eyelid surgery, reshaping and firming of the abdomen (abdominoplasty), facelift, and rhinoplasty (nose job). Botox and laser hair removal is the most common non-surgical cosmetic procedures.
Reconstructive plastic surgery is performed to improve function and sometimes esthetic of body parts. It is performed to correct functional impairment caused by traumatic injuries, bone fractures, cleft lips and palates, developmental anomalies, and defects caused by cancer or infection. Reconstructive surgery includes surgeries of the head and neck, hand surgery, microsurgery, and burn treatment.
The main techniques used during plastic surgery are skin grafts, skin flap surgery, tissue expansion, fat transfer, vacuum closure, prosthetic devices, and camouflage cream. On your first visit, the plastic surgeon will explain in detail about what will happen before, during, and after the surgery. They will conduct various tests and might also assess your psychological status. After forming the appropriate treatment plan, the surgeon, with the help of technology, show how you will look after the surgery. If you want to know more about techniques, indications, and complications associated with plastic surgeries, you can consult professionally trained plastic surgeons online.