Acute cholecystitis occurs as a result of inflammation affecting the gallbladder. It occurs due to the obstruction of the cystic duct by gallstones or biliary sludge (a mixture of bile with cholesterol and salt). The main symptom observed is upper abdominal pain. Nausea, vomiting, sweating, and yellowish discoloration of the skin are other symptoms seen. Taking antibiotics helps relieve pain, and cholecystectomy (gallbladder removal) helps in severe cases.
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