ASD or autism spectrum disorders cause neurodevelopmental disorder that affects a person's ability to perceive things and socialize with others. Asperger's syndrome, autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder, and childhood disintegrative are all considered spectrum disorders.

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Will a child operated for ASD have any problem in the future?

Query: Hello doctor,We, husband and wife, are (A+) in the same blood group. Also, our son is in the same blood group (A+). He also had an ASD problem treated and surgery also completed. Will there be any problem for him in the future?  Read Full »

Dr. Goswami Parth Rajendragiri

Answer: Hello, Welcome to If the surgery was done at an earlier age then the prognosis is good. Prognosis also depends on the size of ASD and whether a pulmonary vascular obstruction is present or not. If no pulmonary vessel obstruction is present then the prognosis is very good. As far as ri...  Read Full »

What is Asperger syndrome called nowadays?

Query: Hi doctor, I was diagnosed with Asperger syndrome when I was 13 years of age. I am 22 now. How does the DSM-5 change that disorder?  Read Full »

Dr. Srivastava, Sumit

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Asperger was previously regarded as a separate disorder, but now it is categorized as a form of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder). ASD includes, Autism. Asperger disorder. Childhood disintegrative disorder. Pe...  Read Full »

Is surgery the only option in case of a heart defect such as ASD?

Query: Hello doctor, I recently went for an annual health checkup. I was diagnosed with a heart defect (ASD) and was recommended a surgical closure. In this regard, I need your opinion and guidance.  Read Full »

Dr. Amiya Kumar Chattopadhyay

Answer: Hello, Welcome to As per your tests reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity), you have ASD (atrial septal defect), which is corrected only by surgical closure. It is usually asymptomatic but, when the symptoms start, it will be too late for a surgery. At the most, you c...  Read Full »

Do I require a surgery to patch my secundum atrial septal defect?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 40-year-old male. I have been diagnosed with 3.3 cm secundum ASD in the right atrium. The catheterization process failed to patch the ASD and now the cardiologist is advising a surgical process. Is this correct? There are no symptoms of chest pain. No breathing or lifestyle issu...  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through the images (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Yes, it is certainly possible. It is a large ASD (atrial septal defect). One can patch the ASD up to around 3.6 cm, but it also depends on multiple factors like rims available to hold the ...  Read Full »

Is it normal that my Son with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) Is not cooperative during speech therapy?

Query: Hi doctor, My son has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Now he is on speech and occupational therapy for laryngomalacia and taking Risperidone 0.5 ml daily. Since last week, he has been crying during his speech sessions and also not responding to them. However, when the session fi...  Read Full »

Dr. Prakash Chandra Girdhar Lal Nagar

Answer: Hi, Welcome to As per the information provided, it is normal for children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to behave like this, and even normal kids at this age behave like this. To teach kids with ASD require more patience, so you need not worry. I suggest to remain patient, go...  Read Full »

How long will it take for my 2.8-year-old son diagnosed with ASD (autism spectrum disorder) to show an improvement in speech?

Query: Hello doctor, My 2.8-year-old son was recently diagnosed with ASD. As he was having a speech delay and was not saying simple words like "mama" and "papa," we went for a checkup. Can you please tell me if there is any average time frame for my son to recover? I wanted to know if my son could be rate...  Read Full »

Dr. Faisal Abdul Karim Malim

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand your concern and would be happy to help. The average time frame of recovery depends on the results and regularity of occupational and speech therapy that is being given to the child. Most children start showing improvement within a year or two of starti...  Read Full »

My 6-year-old brother has a minute hole in his heart. What to do?

Query: Hi doctor, My cousin brother, who is 6 years old, has a minute hole of 2 mm in his heart. Sometimes, he takes a deep breath and is feeble by birth. His birth was a C-section. His father also has some chronic heart disease. His father's sister passed away because of heart disease. All the necessary t...  Read Full »

Dr. Rishu Sharma

Answer: Hello,Welcome to brother is suffering from congenital heart disease. It is most likely it can be an atrial septal defect (ASD) or ventricular septal defect (VSD) or patent ductus arteriosus.I would suggest you get a 2D echo done. It will help us locate the exact cause and location ...  Read Full »

Kindly go through my wife's health issues along with the attached echo report.

Query: Hi doctor, I am 23 years old, I am a married female and has one kid. My symptoms are shortness of breath (since a year), severe chest pain a month ago, numbness in the left arm since one month and fatigue with little exertion. There is no previous history of the same issue. Kindly explain the attach...  Read Full »

Dr. Vivek S Narayan Pillai

Answer: Hi, Welcome to There is an atrial septal defect (attachment removed to protect patient identity), which needs closure as it is causing symptoms of breathlessness and fatigue. According to the echocardiogram, there is also right heart enlargement. As advised in the echo report, she shoul...  Read Full »

There is pulmonary hypertension after ASD closure surgery. Kindly advice.

Query: Hi doctor, My wife has pulmonary hypertension after ASD closure surgery. Kindly advice.  Read Full »

Dr. Divakara. P

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Did the pulmonary hypertension occur only after ASD closure? Before closure was there pulmonary hypertension? The treatment depends on the severity of hypertension. So, is her pulmonary hypertension mild moderate or severe? If you cannot tell about severity, kindly uplo...  Read Full »

Are ASD (atrial septal defect) and PFO (patent foramen ovale), two separate problems?

Query: Hello doctor, My 11 year old daughter has been experiencing intermittent chest pains and fast pulse for about 18 to 24 months. She has had a normal ECG and physical examination, but echocardiogram has shown a mobile interatrial septum with a left to right flow. It was identified with color flow acr...  Read Full »

Dr. Isaac Gana

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Sorry to hear about your daughter's health issues. ASD (atrial septal defect) and PFO (patent foramen ovale) are two different things. No, there is no evidence suggestive of an aneurysm. Based on the findings, it is suggestive of a PFO rather than ASD. In most cases ...  Read Full »

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