ASD or autism spectrum disorders cause neurodevelopmental disorder that affects a person's ability to perceive things and socialize with others. Asperger's syndrome, autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder, and childhood disintegrative are all considered spectrum disorders.

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What can cause heart murmurs in a 9-day-old baby?

Query: Hi doctor, My baby is 9 days old. Heart murmur was identified during check with the pediatrician. He said that the cardiovascular system is abnormal with soft systolic grade 2/6 murmur at LSB. We have done the echocardiogram and the results are as follows: Ventricular septal defect (Q21.0) with stab...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad M. Hanif Md.

Cardiologist, Criticalcare Physician, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I appreciate your trust in our services. I have carefully reviewed your query and can well establish the sensitivity of the health issues you described. The baby has actually got congenital heart malformations that are abnormalities in the development of normal heart stru...  Read Full »

What is Asperger syndrome called nowadays?

Query: Hi doctor, I was diagnosed with Asperger syndrome when I was 13 years of age. I am 22 now. How does the DSM-5 change that disorder?  Read Full »

Dr. Sumit Srivastava

General Medicine Physician, General Practitioner, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Asperger was previously regarded as a separate disorder, but now it is categorized as a form of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder). ASD includes, Autism. Asperger disorder. Childhood disintegrative disor...  Read Full »

There is pulmonary hypertension after ASD closure surgery. Kindly advice.

Query: Hi doctor, My wife has pulmonary hypertension after ASD closure surgery. Kindly advice.  Read Full »

Dr. Divakara P

Diabetologist, Endocrinologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Pain Medicine Physician, Pulmonologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Did the pulmonary hypertension occur only after ASD closure? Before closure was there pulmonary hypertension? The treatment depends on the severity of hypertension. So, is her pulmonary hypertension mild moderate or severe? If you cannot tell about severity, kindly uplo...  Read Full »

Will a child operated for ASD have any problem in the future?

Query: Hello doctor, We, husband and wife, are (A+) same blood group. Also, our son is the same blood group (A+). He also had ASD problem treated and surgery also done completed. Will there be any problem for him in the future?  Read Full »

Dr. Parth R Goswami

Family Physician, General Practitioner, Hematologist, Pathologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to If the surgery was done at an earlier age then the prognosis is good. Prognosis also depends on the size of ASD and whether a pulmonary vascular obstruction is present or not. If no pulmonary vessel obstruction is present then the prognosis is very good. As far as ri...  Read Full »

Are ASD (atrial septal defect) and PFO (patent foramen ovale), two separate problems?

Query: Hello doctor, My 11 year old daughter has been experiencing intermittent chest pains and fast pulse for about 18 to 24 months. She has had a normal ECG and physical examination, but echocardiogram has shown a mobile interatrial septum with a left to right flow. It was identified with color flow acr...  Read Full »

Dr. Isaac Gana


Answer: Hello, Welcome to Sorry to hear about your daughter's health issues. ASD (atrial septal defect) and PFO (patent foramen ovale) are two different things. No, there is no evidence suggestive of an aneurysm. Based on the findings, it is suggestive of a PFO rather than ASD. In most cases ...  Read Full »

Is surgery the only option in case of a heart defect such as ASD?

Query: Hello doctor, I recently went for an annual health checkup. I was diagnosed with a heart defect (ASD) and was recommended a surgical closure. In this regard, I need your opinion and guidance.  Read Full »

Dr. Amiya Kumar Chattopadhyay


Answer: Hello, Welcome to As per your tests reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity), you have ASD (atrial septal defect), which is corrected only by surgical closure. It is usually asymptomatic but, when the symptoms start, it will be too late for a surgery. At the most, you ca...  Read Full »

Is there any connection between cough and OS ASD?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 26 year male. I have done echo and tee test. The result is ACHD, SS, LC, 30x28 mm OS ASD~2:1 L-->R SHUNT, PV AND IVC rim not clear, good BV function, mild PAH, no HF, SR and FCI. Cardiology doctor suggested open heart surgery for correction of ASD and another doctor said tha...  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Cardiologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through the reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). And from the reports, ASD (atrial septal defect) surgical closure is advised. Device closure is not suitable as rims are inadequate to hold the device and chances of device slipping are...  Read Full »

Do I require a surgery to patch my secundum atrial septal defect?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 40-year-old male. I have been diagnosed with 3.3 cm secundum ASD in the right atrium. The catheterization process failed to patch the ASD and now the cardiologist is advising a surgical process. Is this correct? There are no symptoms of chest pain. No breathing or lifestyle i...  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Cardiologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through the images (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Yes, it is certainly possible. It is a large ASD (atrial septal defect). One can patch the ASD up to around 3.6 cm, but it also depends on multiple factors like rims available to hold the...  Read Full »

My cousin has a hole in his heart. Does he need any operation?

Query: Hi doctor, My cousin brother, who is 6 years old, has a minute hole of 2 mm in his heart. Sometimes, he takes a deep breath and is feeble by birth. His birth was a C-section. His father also has some chronic heart disease. His father's sister passed away because of heart disease. All the necessary t...  Read Full »

Dr. Rishu


Answer: Hello,Welcome to brother is suffering from congenital heart disease. It is most likely it can be an atrial septal defect (ASD) or ventricular septal defect (VSD) or patent ductus arteriosus.I would suggest you get a 2D echo done. It will help us locate the exact cause and location ...  Read Full »

Kindly explain my wife's health problem with the help of echo report.

Query: Hi doctor, I am 23 years old, I am a married female and has one kid. My symptoms are shortness of breath (since a year), severe chest pain a month ago, numbness in the left arm since one month and fatigue with little exertion. There is no previous history of the same issue. Kindly explain the attach...  Read Full »

Dr. Vivek Pillai


Answer: Hi, Welcome to There is an atrial septal defect (attachment removed to protect patient identity), which needs closure as it is causing symptoms of breathlessness and fatigue. According to the echocardiogram, there is also right heart enlargement. As advised in the echo report, she shoul...  Read Full »

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