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There are two types of thrombocytosis, primary and secondary. Primary thrombocytosis is a disease in which abnormal cells in the bone marrow cause an increase in platelets.
Secondary thrombocytosis is due to another condition the patient may be suffering from,
- Anemia due to iron deficiency,
- Inflammation or infection,
- Surgery, especially splenectomy (removal of the spleen).
Increase of monocytes indicates there is a chronic infection, an autoimmune or blood disorder, cancer, or other medical conditions.