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Q. Can you explain the reason behind burning sensation of gums?

Answered by
Dr. Subha
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.
This is a premium question & answer published on Jun 06, 2018 and last reviewed on: Jun 18, 2019

Hi doctor,

Whenever I eat spicy food, I feel some kind of irritation, burning sensation and pain in my gums. I do not have any cavity in my teeth. I got scaling done 2 years back. Once I stop eating spicy food, the pain fades away in few minutes. I would like to know the reason behind it. Please advice me the preventive measures as well.

Dr. Subha



Welcome to

The Probable causes:

Hurting of gums while taking spicy food might be due to the following causes:
1. Gingivitis (swelling and inflammation of the gums) - Swollen gums may be painful and may cause burning sensation and pain while taking hot and spicy food. Gingivitis occurs due to either plaque or other debris accumulating around the teeth and gums. Also hormonal changes occurring during menstrual cycle can cause swollen and painful gums. Any medicines taken for medical issues like hypertension, epilepsy, etc., also cause gum changes and swelling.
2. Any ulcers in the mouth will get hurt while taking hot and spicy food. Ulcers might occur due to faulty tooth brushing techniques, usage of toothbrushes with hard bristles, stress, sharp tooth hurting the tissues, any dental appliances or ill-fitting dentures.
3. Any abscess related to infected tooth might also hurt while taking spicy food. But, you have mentioned that you do not have any cavities or teeth issues. Have you been examined by a dentist regarding this?
4. Any impacted tooth (teeth that remain unerupted due to inadequate space inside the mouth or remain inside the bone itself) may develop swelling of gums around it. When the opposing teeth impinges on this swollen tissue while taking spicy food it gets hurt.
5. Hypersensitivity reactions may occur to certain foods. This might cause swelling, reddening and burning sensation of the mouth. This may occur due to some food additives.
6. Habits like smoking and usage of tobacco products may also cause burning sensation while consuming spicy and hot food.
7. Dental procedures like scaling (cleaning of teeth) might cause minor tissue injuries. These hurt and cause burning sensation while taking hot and spicy food. But, this heals in 4-5 days after cleaning. In your case, this might not be the reason, as you have undergone scaling before 2-3 years.

Treatment plan:

1. Get dental scaling done, if you have any plaque or calculus deposits causing swollen gums.
2. Get your oral cavity examined by your dentist, for any ulcers, abscesses, infected teeth and impacted teeth.
3. Also get checked for any sharp teeth and any dental appliances or ill-fitting dentures. If found, sharp teeth have to be trimmed and reduced, and ill-fitting dentures and dental appliances have to be corrected immediately.

Preventive measures:

1. Kindly make a note if you develop any gum swelling, redness or bleeding gums during your periods.
2. Use toothbrushes with soft bristles for brushing your teeth. Also follow the proper brushing technique for brushing your teeth.
3. Make a note whenever your gum hurts and what foods hurt your gums. Check if any food causes the same issue repeatedly. In case, if that food contains some additive that causes hypersensitive reaction, then you may have to avoid that particular food in future.
4.Quit habits like smoking or usage of other tobacco products (in case you do).

Regarding follow up:

For further information consult a dentist online.--->

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