Congenital Heart Defects

Defects in the structure of the heart present at birth are called congenital heart defects. These defects can either involve the heart valves, walls, arteries, or veins. Some of the common signs and symptoms of congenital heart defects are bluish discoloration of the skin and lips, fatigue, poor blood circulation, and rapid breathing.

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My baby is suffering from congenital heart disease. Is it necessary to insert a PDA stent immediately?

Query: Hi doctor,My baby's palms and soles of hands and feet turn black when crying loudly and breathing heavily. The baby cannot drink milk for an extended period and is constantly sweating. In addition, the infant wakes up unexpectedly from sleep due to breathing difficulty. The oxygen level is at 58%. T...  Read Full »


Dr. Faisal Abdul Karim Malim

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your concern. Yes, inserting a PDA stent (stenting of the patent ductus arteriosus) as soon as possible is critical to preventing the PDA (patent ductus arteriosus) from shutting, as the oxygenation of the entire body depends on it. Once the stent is in pl...  Read Full »

How to treat ventricular septal defect in a newborn child?

Query: Hello doctor, My newborn child was detected with heart-related issues. Could you please help me understand the severity? Please suggest further treatment.  Read Full »


Dr. Isaac Gana

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Sorry to hear about your child's heart condition. Congenital heart disease is quite common amongst many children. To be able to tell you the severity, you should mention what is the exact condition that the doctor told is wrong with your child. So, I can tell you what...  Read Full »

Is it safe for me to take Unwanted 72 regularly to prevent pregnancy?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 44 year old woman. I have a hole in my heart since birth and dextrocardia. I do not want to get pregnant again, as I already have a 19 year old daughter. I cannot take any of the regular contraceptive medicines due to my heart condition. I regularly take Unwanted 72 after an un...  Read Full »


Dr. Sadaf Mustafa

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Which type of hole do you have in your heart (VSD, ASD or some other form)? How often do you take Unwanted 72? Unwanted 72 (emergency contraceptive pill) is a very high dose hormonal pill and if taken very often could be dangerous. If you still want to use it, please...  Read Full »

How does congenital heart disease affect pregnancy?

Query: Hi doctor, My wife is pregnant now with nearly 10 weeks. She has congenital heart disease, so I need some clarity from you for getting the successful delivery. All reports including echo and ultrasound scan report are attached here for your reference. Importantly, she has not got any symptoms till ...  Read Full »


Dr. Prashant Valecha

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. As per your wife's reports, she is having perimembranous vsd (ventricular septal defect) and severe pulmonary stenosis (PS). But, she does not have any complaints. Patients with severe PS will mostly tolerate pregnancy and 8 mm vsd will not be a concern. As cat...  Read Full »

Does maternal vaccine cause aortic stenosis in baby?

Query: Dear doctor, I was two months pregnant when I got vaccines to complete my citizenship status (immigration). My son was born with aortic stenosis. Is this because of the vaccine?  Read Full »


Dr. Babu Lal Meena

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Could you provide more information: What vaccines have you received? What was the content of the vaccine? Did you suffer from any infection during your pregnancy? Did you have any disease during pregnancy and receive any medication for that? Any family history of...  Read Full »

Why does a patient develop weight gain and insomnia after pacemaker implantation?

Query: Hi doctor, The patient is a 38 years old female. She has a medical history of congenital heart disease. Her heart rate usually ranges between 50 and 55 bpm. Before two months, she had a pacemaker implantation. After pacemaker implantation, her heart rate is 70 to 80 bpm. Now, the patient is sufferi...  Read Full »


Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Is it a single chamber pacemaker or double chamber? It is mostly a pacemaker syndrome if the patient did not exhibit similar kind of symptoms before pacemaker implantation. In treatment, you need to visit her cardiologist for changing the settings of the pacemaker. One...  Read Full »

Due to high uric acid, my father feels drowsy with leg swelling. How to manage it?

Query: Hello doctor, My father is 42 years of age, and he has a congestive and congenital heart disease by birth. He visited many doctors, but all of them suggested that there is no need for any immediate treatment and that he can live with it. He is now under medications, and he is doing well. The reason...  Read Full »


Dr. Isaac Gana

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Sorry to hear about your dad's health issues. Your dad seems to be suffering from Eisenmenger's syndrome. This is a long-term complication of congenital heart disease. It is the cause of his kidney problems. In my practice, I usually suggest diuretics for my patients j...  Read Full »

My 6-year-old brother has a minute hole in his heart. What to do?

Query: Hi doctor, My cousin brother, who is 6 years old, has a minute hole of 2 mm in his heart. Sometimes, he takes a deep breath and is feeble by birth. His birth was a C-section. His father also has some chronic heart disease. His father's sister passed away because of heart disease. All the necessary t...  Read Full »


Dr. Rishu

Answer: Hello,Welcome to icliniq.com.Your brother is suffering from congenital heart disease. It is most likely it can be an atrial septal defect (ASD) or ventricular septal defect (VSD) or patent ductus arteriosus.I would suggest you get a 2D echo done. It will help us locate the exact cause and location ...  Read Full »

Kindly go through my wife's health issues along with the attached echo report.

Query: Hi doctor, I am 23 years old, I am a married female and has one kid. My symptoms are shortness of breath (since a year), severe chest pain a month ago, numbness in the left arm since one month and fatigue with little exertion. There is no previous history of the same issue. Kindly explain the attach...  Read Full »


Dr. Vivek Pillai

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. There is an atrial septal defect (attachment removed to protect patient identity), which needs closure as it is causing symptoms of breathlessness and fatigue. According to the echocardiogram, there is also right heart enlargement. As advised in the echo report, she shoul...  Read Full »

What could cause bluish discoloration in a 3-year-old baby?

Query: Hello doctor, My daughter is 4 years old. She has been having blue spells since she was 9 months old. It occurs for about 20- 45 minutes. The left ventricle murmur was found when she was 3 years old. She goes blue around the mouth, lips, nail beds when the capillary refill is delayed. And sometimes...  Read Full »


Dr. Isaac Gana

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thanks for sharing her picture (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Please avoid worry. She will be fine. Based on your explanation, her symptoms are consistent with congenital heart disease. They often present with these symptoms. These def...  Read Full »

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