I had a needle-prick incident. Can I get HIV infection?

Q. Is it possible to get HIV infection by a needle-prick?

Answered by
Dr. Basti Bharatesh Devendra
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.
This is a premium question & answer published on Jun 07, 2022


I think I have been exposed to HIV or other blood-related infections. I want to consult and understand how to rule out any unfortunate possibility. Kindly help. I have had a cough for two days. Can I take any test or medicine to rule out HIV?



Welcome to icliniq.com.

I read your query and understand your concern.

Please mention the following details for clarification:

1. Type of risk exposure?

2. When was the exposure?

3. Please provide your age, intercourse history, and partner details.

I will try to help you.

To rule out HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), you need to take an HIV antibodies test, PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test, or PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) can be done depending on time.

Thank you.


It was a needle prick event. But I am not sure if the needle was infected or not. I am a 32-year-old married male, and this incident happened to me five days back. Please help.



Welcome back to icliniq.com.

I understand your concern.

It is still not clear about where, which site, which needle, and how you got a needle prick?

It is already more than three days old. So there is no benefit of PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis).

Not all needles are HIV infected. But if the needle is likely to be infected, then I suggest you go for-

1. HIV antibodies test.

2. HIV 1 and 2 RNA PCR test after 14 days of exposure.

3. Followed by HIV antibodies test, HBsAg (hepatitis B surface antigen), hepatitis C virus (HCV) after three months of exposure.

If the needle is not infected, there is no need to worry about any tests.

Thank you.


I do not know if the needle was infected or not. But I fear it to be the case. I will get the tests done then. Should I be looking for symptoms? Should I take any precautions? Also, can I get tested sooner? And will these tests be conclusive? Can I be intimate with my wife? I have a 2-year-old kid. Any precautions around him? I am sorry, but I am stressed and not able to concentrate. I just want to get this over as soon as possible.



Welcome back to icliniq.com.

I understand your concern.

Please get the tests done as mentioned above.

You have not told me about the needle prick details to assess whether it is severe enough to get HIV?

Thank you.

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