Hiv Infection

Infection caused by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is called the HIV infection. HIV damages the body's immune system, so the body is not able to fight off infections. HIV can get transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk.

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Will I get HIV if a HIV positive person sneezes on my face?

Query: Hi doctor,A person sneezed on my face, and there was sputum on my mustache area. I used my tongue to lick it unknowingly. The sputum was like a transparent white jelly. I am afraid that I will get HIV for licking it because the person who sneezed on my face is HIV positive. Can this cause HIV?Please...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand your concern. There is a possibility for the transmission of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection. Therefore, I suggest you do one of the following tests: 1. ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) kit test - Seven to ten days after exposure. ...  Read Full »

Are rash and lymph node swelling after oral sex signs of ARS?

Query: Hi doctor,I gave oral sex to a man, whose HIV status was unknown, six weeks ago. I have now rash under both armpits and a swollen lymph node in my neck. I am attaching pictures of the rash and the lymph node. Could this be ARS?  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I saw the attached pictures (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Oral sex has the least possibility of ARS (acute retroviral syndrome). I do not think you have ARS. Do you have dandruff or an earache or a toothache? Do you have a history of a cold or a...  Read Full »

I had protected sex with a woman last week and had a skin peeling on my nail edge before sex. Can HIV be transmitted through it?

Query: Hi doctor,Last week I had protected sex with a woman. While that sex, there was a skin peeling on the edge of my nail. This peeling had occurred the day before sexual intercourse and got bleed. There was no bleeding during sexual intercourse, but there was a clotted wound. I did not put my finger in...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Protected sex means no risk. A little kiss may cause HSV (herpes simplex), herpes, and STD (sexually transmitted disease). You must be under treatment for herpes. Take capsule Acyclovir 800 mg of daily after food. The actual dose is six times a day. But it is not possi...  Read Full »

I accidentally pierced my index finger with a safety pin while piercing my cousin's wound. Will I get HIV?

Query: Hi doctor, I am in my mid-twenties. Last week I accidentally pierced my index finger with a safety pin while piercing my cousin's wound, but I did not bleed. She is eight years old, and she is HIV positive. I got one tetanus shot after the incident. Now I am worried if I have transmitted HIV from th...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. This is not the usual route of transmission. In hospitals, many such incidents have been reported, and the difference is they get PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) within two hours. The test is done within two hours. If the result is non-react...  Read Full »

I have a sore throat, radiating pain, and a burning sensation in my hands and legs after unprotected sex. Is it HIV?

Query: Hello, My girlfriend and I had unprotected sex about two months ago. After that day, I was worried about HIV. After one week of exposure, I got a burning sensation in my hand, leg, feet, and toe that radiated from one hand to another. After two weeks, I got a sore throat. I went to a doctor, and he ...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I read your query and understand your concern. You had a high-risk exposure, but tests after two months of exposure are negative. So, you do not have HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection. Your symptoms are associated with a deficiency of vitamins and anxiet...  Read Full »

Should I get treated for both HIV and hepatitis C at the same time?

Query: Hello doctor,I am a homosexual, and I regularly test myself for STDs. Unfortunately, I tested positive for both HIV and hepatitis C a week back. This is shocking and embarrassing to me. I always aimed at safe sex, but it did not give me a hand. I am 24 years old and have been sexually active for fiv...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Nothing is dangerous with medicines. Start treatment to prolong your life. Both are not curable. You can live 25 to 30 years with regular medication and a healthy diet. You can start treatment for both. High-potency medicines are very reactive, but you have to take the...  Read Full »

What happens if sweat or water drops into the blood used for HIV testing?

Query: Hi doctor, I took OraQuick Advance Rapid HIV 1/2 antibody test today at a nearby clinic after waiting the window period for exposure of more than 90 days. I was told that the result was negative. My concern may be very paranoid and unnecessary; however, I am more curious than anything. I wanted to ...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hi, Welcome to You are not paranoid, but genius. Yes, anything in the blood may change the results, and that is why we advise sterile things. But, test results if positive never shows negative. HIV virus persists till it is in any wet medium. If blood dried, then no HIV virus persist....  Read Full »

Can dried blood transmit HIV?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a lab worker, at the time of the incident I was standing in front of an empty centrifuge and as I held one of the tube inserts upside down to clean it, speks of dried blood fell out of it. I am not sure if any of it went into my eye and I am worried. I wanted to ask if HIV can s...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Good that you have got hepatitis vacine. In dry bood, HIV virus does not survie. Hence, any contact with dried blood will not transmit HIV. Do not worry, you are safe.  Read Full »

I am having burning sensation in my scrotum after oral sex. Could it be HIV?

Query: Hello doctor,I had receptive oral sex (received fellation) with an escort girl three weeks ago. Since then, I have got urethritis three days after. I have been treated with Levofloxacin for 10 days. The urethritis got cured, but I kept getting some strange burning sensations in my scrotum and the to...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Oral sex is least related to HIV. Symptoms are very bizarre and mostly by oral sex HSV, and STI is common. The tickling sensation is different as such, may be seen in vitamin B 12 deficiency, and anxiety. Symptoms come but goes in a particular time. You can still go...  Read Full »

Can paper cuts from sharp things containing HIV blood cause HIV infection?

Query: Hello doctor, I want to ask whether I have got a risk of HIV infection or not from a paper cut in my hand. Where at that time, I did not realize that I got this paper cut and I do not know what activity that caused me got this paper cut. But, I assume that I got this cut by sharp things. However, I...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Please note the beveled edge of paper cut do not cause HIV infection as paper soak all blood within seconds and the paper is dry. In a dry medium, no HIV stays alive, so no HIV infection. Your second question is not at all having meaning as by touch no HIV is transm...  Read Full »

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