Hiv Medication

The human immunodeficiency virus causes HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection. It affects the body's immune system initially. It can spread through infected semen, blood, and vaginal fluids while having unprotected sex with an infected person and sharing drug needles used by patients infected with HIV. In untreated cases, it results in AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Taking antiretroviral medications helps to reduce disease progression and secondary infection. It gets controlled within six months after taking drugs.

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I am 19 weeks pregnant and HIV positive. Will I be able to breastfeed my baby?

Query: Hi,I was recently diagnosed with HIV positive, and I am 19 weeks pregnant. My concern is whether it will be safe for me to breastfeed my baby? And what happens if I do not have enough breast milk to make my baby full? If I can not exclusively breastfeed my baby, do I have to top up with formula milk...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I read your query and understand your concern. I am sorry to hear about your situation. You are under medication, and your baby can get medicine from you. So, I have the following suggestions for you- 1. After baby delivery, you can take Nevirapine (NVP) drops imme...  Read Full »

I am having conjunctivitis in my left eye. What should I do?

Query: Hi doctor,I have all the classic symptoms of conjunctivitis in my left eye. I have had this issue with the same eye in the last three months. I was traveling then and was unable to consult the doctor. It appeared to resolve on its own.I have an appointment scheduled in the next month with my ophthal...  Read Full »

Dr. Gopal Damani

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Yes, it does look like conjunctivitis (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity). You can start using topical eye drops. Use some lubricating eye drops. Keep your personal-use things separate like bed sheets, pillow covers, towels, etc. Use tissue paper to cl...  Read Full »

My test for HIV-1 came reactive. What can be done?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 32 year old woman, and I have warts on my genitals and around the area, which led me to a dermatologist. The doctor diagnosed them as STD and advised me to get HIV tested, as part of the diagnosis. The blood sample resulted in a reactive result. I approached another lab and got...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have seen your reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can be acquired through sexual contact (anal or vaginal or oral), blood transfusion, exchange of contaminated syringes or needles or there can be a vertical trans...  Read Full »

Can sharing tongue cleaners transmit HIV?

Query: Hi doctor, Four months back, I had sex with a lady. I had started using PEP drugs within 48 hours. I got negative after three months in the test. Are there any chances that I might have transmitted HIV to others within those 48 hours (the time between the exposure and PEP pill taken)? Can HIV trans...  Read Full »

Dr. Basti Bharatesh Devendra

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. It is good that the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) antibody test is negative after three months of exposure. It is conclusive provided there is no further risk exposure. The chances of transmission of HIV (within 48 hours of exposure, as me...  Read Full »

Is PEP drug recommended without sexual exposure?

Query: Hello doctor, I had my preliminary HIV test as negative before three months. I had gone for a body massage in a local parlor with no active penetration from my side. But when I came home, I had a feeling that the genitals had touched. I had started PEP prophylactically 40 hours post-exposure on Tru...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hi, Welcome to The scenario which you mentioned, did not reflect any exchange of body fluids, therefore, it does not come into potential risk of acquisition of HIV. PEP (Post exposure prophylaxis) is not recommended in case, if there is no sexual exposure. I am still unclear wheth...  Read Full »

Please suggest an alternative medicine for Sustiva.

Query: Hi doctor, I am HIV positive. I am now 11 years viral load free. My cocktail consists of Sustiva, Isentress, and Epzicom. My doctor has suggested switching me to other due to the adverse effect of Sustiva. My genotyping indicates that I have a resistance to Ziagen and Epivir. What are your thoughts ...  Read Full »

Dr. Sadaf Mustafa

Answer: Hello, Welcome to It depends on which type of side effects were you having from Sustiva (Efavirenz). I would be very careful before consider switching it around since you have been in remission for so long and the viral load is suppressed. I am not sure what is the sensitivity to other ...  Read Full »

I was treated for syphilis and I have flu-like symptoms now. Should I be concerned?

Query: Hello doctor,Three months ago, I was treated for syphilis with a shot of penicillin and other antibiotics. I was never tested for syphilis. I am a very active gay man who had signs of syphilis, and my infectious disease doctor presumptively treated me by providing antibiotics before I was tested. He...  Read Full »

Dr. Payal Chauhan

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand that you are concerned. But serological tests for syphilis do not work like this. There are tests which remain positive for a lifetime if you once acquired syphilis. I dont know what features you had of syphilis but to confirm you have it or not you need t...  Read Full »

Can an HIV positive person marry an HIV negative?

Query: Hello doctor, Can an HIV positive person marry an HIV negative?  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hello, Welcome to The answer to your query is yes, an HIV-positive person can marry an HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) negative. A majority of the countries have no legal objections against marriage, although a few have a law to declare your HIV status to the partner. When the HIV-i...  Read Full »

At three months, my HIV result is negative. Why should I check again at six months?

Query: Hi doctor, After three months of unprotected exposure, I got tested for HIV, and it is negative. What are the chances of getting a positive HIV result after three months? I got to know that in some rare cases it takes up to six months to show antibodies. In which condition it will take a long time t...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hi,Welcome to test which you underwent at three months is highly conclusive. But as far as retesting at six months is concerned, here is your answer.The majority of people who are infected with HIV will have a detectable level of anti-HIV antibodies at two to eight weeks following pr...  Read Full »

Should the HIV medicines be changed after taking them for 11 years?

Query: Hello doctor, My uncle aged 54 and aunt aged 47 are using Lamivudine, Nevirapine, and Zidovudine tablets for the last 11 years. Can they continue to use or do they need a change in their medicines? My aunt has few health issues like a sore throat and loss of voice and has been suffering from a s...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hello, Welcome to As per the treatment guidelines, if a person is stable on the antiretroviral regimen, there is improving and stable CD4 cell count with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) viral load undetectable, then there is no need to change the regimen or the drug combinations. B...  Read Full »

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