ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT

Q. My p24 test shows negative result. Am I safe from HIV?

Answered by
Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva
and medically reviewed by Dr. Vinodhini. J
This is a premium question & answer published on Mar 06, 2020 and last reviewed on: Mar 07, 2020

Hello doctor,

Is real time viral load reliable for HIV test after 14 days of sex encounter? I got normal result. I also did p24 on 15th day and get negative result. Now can I be safe from HIV? I use two condoms at the same time during intercourse and I do not know my partner's HIV status. With other partner, I just kissed her without any physical relation.

ADVERTISEMENT
#

Hi,

Welcome to icliniq.com.

The answers to your queries are:

If you had used the condom consistently and correctly, changed for each sexual act with one person, and it did not break or slipped off during the act and you removed it while the penis is still not soft, your risk of HIV is nonexistent. HIV cannot be transmitted by touching or kissing alone. The test you performed is highly sensitive and specific and gives accurate result.

A negative HIV-RNA test needs to be complemented with fourth-generation HIV combo test at four weeks. If the result is negative, HIV rapid antibody test needs to be repeated at three and six months of last exposure.

I hope this helps.

Thank you doctor,

During intercourse, I used two condoms at the same time means one over the other. And also during sex, the penis happens to become small and soft but when I took it from the vagina the condom move on the penis but not all the time. I used to check for the breakage after I remove it. my concern is, Is my test reliable in 14 days?

#

Hi,

Welcome back to icliniq.com.

It seems to be a protected act. Although the risk is nonexistent in this case. If infected, HIV is seen in the blood after around 14 days. You did this test at borderline. I advise you to undergo serology test at least after four weeks​ and three months of exposure.

Thank you doctor,

I did the p24 test after three weeks only means on the 22nd day of my exposure and I got a normal result. Also, l had done real time viral load PCR test on the 15th day and got normal result. Any other test required now? I am very much worried.

#

Hi,

Welcome back to icliniq.com.

Recommendations are to get fourth generation HIV test at four weeks and if the result is negative get a repeat HIV antibody test at three months of last exposure. There is no need to repeat the test in between.


Was this answer helpful?

 | 

Same symptoms doesn’t mean you have the same problem. Consult a doctor now!



Related Questions:
Are ELFA and HIV DUO tests conclusive at three and six months post-exposure?

 Can there be any point where both antibodies and p24 antigen are not detectable in an HIV infected patient ... Your last screening tests for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), that is, fourth ...   Read full

What is the frequency to do HIV testing while taking PEP?

.. to your queries are: For PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) efficacy, adherence to the medications prescribed for PEP is the most important thing. PEP is really efficacious, To the best of my clinical practice, I have not seen any case of a patient w...   Read full

Please explain about the CMIA test for HIV testing.

.. the specific answers for your questions. CMIA is based on chemiluminescence principle and it is performed on an automated analyzer. It is the most effective technique nowadays to rule out HIV. CMIA can almost 100 % rule out HIV after 90 days of e...   Read full

ADVERTISEMENT

Also Read Answers From:

ideaComprehensive Medical Second Opinion.Submit your Case

Also Read


Management of Coronasomnia
Coronasomnia refers to increased sleep problems among people during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read the below article to get...  Read more»
Balantidiasis - Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention
Balantidiasis is a rare bacterial infection caused by a parasite called Balantidium coli. Read the article below to know...  Read more»
JAK Inhibitors in Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis
Doctors mainly suggest JAK or Janus kinase inhibitors for patients with rheumatoid arthritis to ease their symptoms. Rea...  Read more»

Ask your health query to a doctor online?

Ask a HIV AIDS Specialist Now

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website. Read our Editorial Process to know how we create content for health articles and queries.