Hiv Testing

There are different tests available to detect HIV. They may test for antibodies alone or antibodies as well as p24 antigens from blood, saliva or urine of the person. While some tests may give immediate results, some require more time, up to a few weeks.

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What are the chances of HIV transmission through oral sex?

Query: Hi doctor, 27 days ago I had protected sex with a girl, whom I knew only for 5 days and it was the first time. Also, we had oral sex also. During oral sex, I had no protection. Next day I started having pain on my testicles and my stomach. I was feeling weak the whole time, and after a week I gave ...  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Frequency of sex has nothing to do with E. coli bacteria (Escherichia coli). Prostatitis is very resistant to treat, so it is not necessary that if you have taken treatment, it will not recur. Sometimes, you have to take 4 to 6 months of treatment for prostatitis. This ...  Read Full »

Do the symptoms like fever, cough, and sore throat indicate HIV?

Query: Hello doctor, I had sex with my office colleague 15 days back and he looks healthy and happy, but within two weeks of that incident, I got cold, fever 99.8 Farenhite, sore throat, toothache, and severe cough like never before. I am very scared. I got my period four days after sex. I am worried abou...  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hi, Welcome to If the condom was intact, then there is nothing to worry. Nevertheless, you can go for HIV testing at four weeks.  Read Full »

Is my RNA HIV early detection test conclusive?

Query: Hello doctor,I have a question about RNA HIV early detection test. I took this test 16 days after exposure, my results were negative. Is that conclusive?  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hi, Welcome to No, it is not conclusive. Go for fourth generation testing at four weeks interval. Nevertheless, what was the exposure?   Read Full »

How accurate is my HIV 1/2 antigen and antibody test?

Query: Hello doctor, Actually, I had casual sex with a CSW a month back. I did my HIV 1/2 antigen and antibody test 15 days back, almost after 26 days. I got symptoms of swollen glands under my jaw and a stiff neck, as well as joint and muscle aches. Today I got small ulcers on my tongue. Can you please te...  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Sensitivity is up to 92 percent in your case. You need to repeat testing after 12 weeks.   Read Full »

Is the OraQuick HIV home testing really accurate?

Query: Hello doctor,I am a male who had unprotected intercourse two days ago with a female who had tested negative on Oralquick two months ago. Turns out she has been quite active, and I am debating on doing PEP. I can see her on Tuesday and she said will take another test but that will be 96 hours. I can ...  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Acyclovir has no effect on PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis). Yes, it would be wise to start PEP and later you can stop it. Oraquick is not reliable after two days of exposure. Hope it helps.   Read Full »

Please advise on premarital health check up for males.

Query: Hello doctor, Please provide second advice on reports. I would like to know if any other tests I should undergo apart from the existing ones.  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through your reports (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity). Please share your history or complaints. Regards. For more information consult an HIV or AIDS specialist online.  Read Full »

Is the ELISA test challenging to perform?

Query: Hi doctor, Before 16 years, I had two high-risk exposure with sex workers, and the risk was condom break in both situations. After three months from my last exposure, I did an ELISA test for HIV 1 and 2. It came back negative. Again, after one year, I made the same mistake of condom break with a se...  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hi, Welcome to ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is very easy to perform and has a sensitivity of around 99%, which means out of 100 HIV-positive persons, it will come positive in 99 of them. One person may come negative despite him being HIV positive. So, at first insta...  Read Full »

What are the tests done to detect HIV?

Query: Hello doctor, I had unprotected sex four weeks back. Later on, I cross checked with the girl, and she stated she do not have any disease. But still, I am worried. After three weeks I have checked with P24 antigen test, the test value is 0.0, and it is non-reactive. By the fourth week (28th day) I ha...  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hi,Welcome to could be false positive. You have more than 95 percent chances of being negative.Sore throat may or may not be a symptom of HIV.Go for western blot test and HIV RT-PCR (real-time¬†polymerase chain reaction) test to confirm the status of HIV.For further information consul...  Read Full »

Viral indicator test showed negative. Do I need another test?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 24 years old. I had double protected sex with a lady three weeks back. But during sex, accidentally, the condoms broke, and I immediately took them outside. I got tested for viral markers immediately the same day, and it came back negative. I am feeling sick for the past five days. ...  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hello, Welcome to You would not be at risk if there was no exposure to vaginal fluid with your glans penis. Even if the exposure was there, the chances of acquiring HIV are very low as the contact period was extremely short.   Read Full »

My HIV RNA viral load after 10 days showed not detected. Do I need another test?

Query: Hello doctor, I have OCD and health anxiety. The last two months have been the most challenging months of my life. I think I have ALS and crippling anxiety. I have all kinds of symptoms where I feel twitching and cramping. My EMG was fine. I had unprotected sex with a girl. The next day I had a CB...  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Your RNA test is not conclusive. Ten days is too short of saying anything. I do not know why your doctor has put you on post-exposure prophylaxis after many days of exposure. Still, following post exposure prophylaxis, six months of testing is required to consider ...  Read Full »

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