Q. My partner has nausea and lower abdominal pain. Is it due to pregnancy or side effect of birth control pills?

Answered by
Dr. Purushottam Sah
and medically reviewed by Dr. Vinodhini. J
This is a premium question & answer published on Feb 08, 2021 and last reviewed on: Mar 06, 2021

Hello doctor,

My partner and I had protected intercourse. I was wearing a condom, and she was on birth control, although the next few days, she took her birth control a few hours late. Also, maybe two of the times I did not wear a condom during the beginning, but I still put one on. She had pain in her lower left abdomen and then spotted for about two and a half weeks straight, but the pain did not last as long. The pain must have lasted roughly for two to four days. After the spotting stopped, she claimed slight nauseousness one morning but did not eat any breakfast that morning and now experiencing pain in her lower right abdomen. We do not know if these are all signs of pregnancy or the results of her birth control taken at different times since they both have the same symptoms, or maybe it is something else. She also had an ovarian cyst that burst a week before the intercourse, but it never leaked. It was about 4-5 centimeters. Please help.



Welcome to

She needs to do a urine pregnancy test and transvaginal ultrasound to exclude possibilities of either a cyst or a more rare but real ectopic pregnancy.

A functional ovarian cyst that persists only for some time then disappears can cause all the symptoms she had. These cysts occur spontaneously and cause pain and hormonal disturbance, which leads to irregular bleeding. These may stay for a few days or two to three months. If the beta hCG test is positive, then ectopic pregnancy can also cause such symptoms.

And, yes, her symptoms may be due to irregular intake of pills. But she should do the tests as she has pain.

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