Needlestick Injuries

Needlestick injuries refer to penetration of the skin by a needle or a sharp object that has been in contact with blood, tissue, or other body parts before exposure. It is otherwise known as percutaneous injury. These needlestick injuries can lead to the transmission of blood-borne diseases.

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I had a needlestick exposure two months back with an HIV patient and had a few negative tests. Are more tests required?

Query: Hello doctor, I had a needlestick exposure two months back with an HIV patient, and I did not start ART yet. I had the following tests, which showed negative. 1 Individual donor nucleic acid test (ID-NAT) for HIV - 19 days. 2. HIV duo fourth-generation test - 45 days. 3. HIV-1 RNA, Quantitative, Re...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder K. Manchanda

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I read your query and can understand your concern. The following are the answers to your queries. 1. No more tests are required if the 117-day test result is negative and there is no other exposure. 2. No symptoms can diagnose HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). T...  Read Full »

I had a needlestick exposure two years back and later developed rashes, fever, body aches, blurry vision, dry cough, and sore throat. Please help.

Query: Hello doctor, I am a paramedical staff. Two years back, I had my first ever dirty needle stick exposure, which has caused me great mental distress at this point. The patient was a young female who was admitted to drug use. I picked her up at a residence that did not look clean. She was staying with ...  Read Full »

Dr. Shubadeep Debabrata Sinha

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I read your query and can understand your concern. Your test results submitted here are inconclusive. I would suggest you do a complete STI (sexually transmitted infections) panel test that includes tests for the following. 1. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). 2...  Read Full »

I touched a used needle.Is there any chance of me getting HIV infection?

Query: Hello doctor, I work for a company where there is one person who is a diabetic. He uses regular insulin injections. Well, I was not paying attention when I picked up the trash can because it fell over, and I touched a used needle. I know I did not get pricked because it did not pierce my skin. I als...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushil Kakkar

Answer: Hi, Welcome to The risk of infection from needlestick injuries depends on: The factors that influence exposure to a greater volume of blood (for example: visible blood on the device, needle which has been placed directly into an artery or a vein of an HIV positive person). Viral...  Read Full »

I am anxious about the needle stick injury that happened two years before. Kindly help.

Query: Hi doctor, Two years back, I had my first ever dirty needle stick exposure, which has caused me great mental distress. I accidentally poked myself on my right index finger. I noticed bleeding, but I did not clean it right away. I started my infectious disease protocol that night, and the urgent care...  Read Full »

Dr. Shubadeep Debabrata Sinha

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. Your signs and symptoms do not suggest any transmission of disease from needle stick injury, particularly HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), since you followed the PrEP protocol (pre-exposure protocol) after the exposure and HIV tests (4th g...  Read Full »

I had a needle-prick incident. Can I get HIV infection?

Query: Hi,I think I have been exposed to HIV or other blood-related infections. I want to consult and understand how to rule out any unfortunate possibility. Kindly help. I have had a cough for two days. Can I take any test or medicine to rule out HIV?  Read Full »

Dr. Basti Bharatesh Devendra

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I read your query and understand your concern. Please mention the following details for clarification: 1. Type of risk exposure? 2. When was the exposure? 3. Please provide your age, intercourse history, and partner details. I will try to help you. To rule out HIV (human...  Read Full »

Why is my arm numb after blood draw?

Query: Hi doctor, I had blood drawn five weeks ago and since then felt numbness and tingling in my right arm and right leg. Although numbness and tingling have gotten better, I still feel slight numbness in right pinky and third finger. I also feel burning/pinching in the crease of my arm where she drew b...  Read Full »

Dr. Aida Abaz Quka

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Regarding your concern, I would explain that your symptoms could be related to a pinched nerve, possibly related to the venous puncture. I do not think that the numbness in the leg is related to the procedure. It could be just a little anxiety. Anyway, if the numbne...  Read Full »

Is it normal to have fatigue, soreness, and headaches after the Moderna COVID vaccine?

Query: Hello doctor,When I got my Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, I started bleeding profusely, and the guy who injected the vaccine was upset and said that there was a lot of blood. My concern is that he injected it in the wrong place, like a blood vessel or vein? I had terrible side effects like intense fatigu...  Read Full »

Dr. Radha Peruvemba Hariharan

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Fatigue, myalgia, and headache are the usual side effects of the vaccine, and that means you have been injected inside the muscle only and not inside a vessel. But he might have punctured a tiny artery during injecting, and that might be the reason for the bleeding...  Read Full »

Can a lymph node enlargement be due to the HIV infection from a needle injury?

Query: Hello doctor. I am a 26-year-old male who is 5.10 feet tall and weighs about 163 lbs. I am a firefighter or paramedic working on the ambulance. Twenty days back, I had a dirty needle stick incident involving myself and a patient. The patient was a 27-year-old female who admitted to me she smokes cr...  Read Full »

Dr. Basti Bharatesh Devendra

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. Not all people are HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) positive, and not all who smoke or take any drugs will be positive. Moreover, her all panel tests are negative, and she is negative for HIV too. Though we cannot tell it is conclusive likely, s...  Read Full »

Can HIV spread through needle prick injury?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a medical professional. I injected a 5 year child in his buttock and while recapping the needle it pricked my finger. I applied pressure and allowed a few more drops of blood to ooze out and washed my hand with soap and water. Now, my question is that what are the chances of HIV tran...  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hi, Welcome to According to world health organization (WHO), you are at 0.3% risk. Various other studies have also shown the risk range from 0.1% to 0.5%. For further information consult a HIV AIDS specialist online -->  Read Full »

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