Pap Smear

Papanicolaou test or otherwise called a Pap test or smear is the procedure used to collect cells from the cervix (lower part of the uterus). It is a routine procedure, where the tissue lining the cervix is gently scraped off. These cells are then tested for any abnormality, which might be indicative of cervical cancer.

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What could be the reason for my heavy bleeding during sex?

Query: Hello doctor, I have heavy bleeding during sex, but it is not painful at all, and the bleeding stops immediately after sex. It does not hurt while urinating, but I have a headache, and my lower back hurts every time.  Read Full »


Dr. Utkarsh Sharma

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your concern and will help you. I suggest you get a Papanicolaou (Pap) smear test to identify the underlying etiology. Your doctor might recommend a colposcopy if your Pap test result is abnormal. Colposcopy is a procedure in which your doctor will examine...  Read Full »

Can you kindly explain my Pap smear result taken for foul-smelling discharge?

Query: Hi doctor, I had a history of foul-smelling discharge smelling like a dead rat, so I took a Pap smear. Can you kindly explain my Pap smear result, what it means and what medication I should use? Please help.  Read Full »


Dr. Navajith A. Mani

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your concern. Pap (Papanicolaou test) smears are the screening tool to assess cellular changes within the cervix. Documentation exists for varying levels of sensitivity and specificity for the test. Because the test is not 100% sensitive, it is important to c...  Read Full »

Is the growth near my vagina indicate an STD?

Query: Hello doctor,I have noticed an outgrowth near my vagina. When I consulted a doctor, she suggested it could be genital warts. We did the STD test for HPV and it came negative. But, I am so scared. Please help.  Read Full »


Dr. Neha Singh Rathod

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Please attach the reports and photos of the complaint. Revert with more information consult an obstetrician and gynaecologist online --> https://icliniq.com./ask-a-doctor-online/obstetrician-and-gynaecologist  Read Full »

What are the risks of conducting biopsy on a pregnant woman?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 30 years old and 20 weeks pregnant. I got an abnormal pap result with ASC-H. I had another pap two years ago and it was normal. My doctor wants to do a colposcopy and biopsy. However, I read that it does result in complication when biopsy is performed on a pregnant woman. Can I do bi...  Read Full »


Dr. Radhakrishnan Nair. B

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I can understand your situation and concern. You have to undergo colposcopy and if necessary biopsy too. It can be done during pregnancy and the only problem may happen is mild bleeding, which can be managed. If the lesion is mild, then it can be followed up. Mode...  Read Full »

What is polypoidal endocervicitis with focal squamous metaplasia?

Query: Hello doctor, My mother was facing frequent urination problems. So she took a urine routine, culture, and abdomen scan. The urologist said everything was fine except that blood traces are found in urine and fibroids are present. So, the doctor advised her to meet a gynecologist. The gynecologist...  Read Full »


Dr. Manwani Saloni Dilip

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The Pap (Papanicolaou test) smear report shows inflammation (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity), which means some infection could be due to the cervical polyp. Have you been given any antibiotics? The smears would need to be repeated to com...  Read Full »

Side Effects of Doxycycline, Which I Took for UTI

Query: Hello doctor, I have been sick with side effects from Doxycycline for two weeks. I had a UTI which has cleared. I have been to the doctor twice, they checked my urine, and there is no infection. I feel tired, have chills, I feel cold, have a back and joint pain. I do not have a fever. I have read t...  Read Full »


Dr. Sadaf Mustafa

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand that you had a urine test, but there are different types of urine test like a dipstick, which is done at the office, a complete analysis, which is done in the laboratory and a urine culture. I am more interested in the last two. With all due respect ...  Read Full »

I had HPV and LEEP 12 years ago. Are my current symptoms due to cancer?

Query: Dear doctor, I am a 32 year old female. I had HPV and LEEP 12 years ago. Now, I have the following symptoms: Bleeding during sex. Heavy periods. Extra painful abdomen pain. Heavy feeling of fatigue and headaches. Could I have cancer?  Read Full »


Dr. Gowrimeena

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. All the symptoms you have mentioned warrant a doctor visit with a full examination and Pap smear as a minimum, and colposcopy to be very sure. With your HPV and LEEP background, it is even more important that you get this done on priority. In all probability, it may be...  Read Full »

Am I not able to conceive because of the brown discharge before my periods?

Query: Hello doctor, A year before, I was getting regular periods. One day before period, I used to get spotting then bleeding for five days. I was on birth control pills. A year ago, I stopped the pills. So from nine months, I am having brown discharge with mucus before four days of periods, then bleedin...  Read Full »


Dr. Sujata Mittal

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. You have not mentioned for how long you took the birth control pills. There are many adverse effects of the pills, which women are not aware of and the doctors are also not telling. This is a side effect of the pills, as pills stop ovulation totally. If one tries t...  Read Full »

The HPV test is negative and Pap smear shows some abnormalities. Kindly give your opinion.

Query: Hi doctor, My wife's Pap smear test and HPV test showed CIN1 and HPV 16 positive three years back. Two years back, the colposcopy was normal. One month back, Pap smear test and HPV test were repeated. The result was negative for HPV, but the Pap smear showed some changes and abnormalities. Could yo...  Read Full »


Dr. Nisha Marhatta

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. HPV (human papillomavirus) is a virus that can cause cervical cancer. It can occasionally infect, and the body clears it up by normal immune defense mechanism; if that fails, subtle changes can happen at the cervix, which over the years can progress into cancer. How...  Read Full »

Why do I have spotting for more than 15 days after my periods?

Query: Hi doctor, I have been spotting for more than 15 days without any pain. I had periods before 20 days, and it has not completely disappeared. I am married but had not had sex in the last two years. I had missing and irregular menstrual cycle once a year, but never like this. I had progesterone six ye...  Read Full »


Dr. Aishwarya Parthasarathy

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. If you are spotting for the first time, then I suggest tablet Trapic (Tranexamic acid) thrice daily until bleeding stops. If it persists, then visit your nearest obstetrician and gynecologist and get an internal examination and pap smear. For further information consult...  Read Full »

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