Pap Smear

Papanicolaou test or otherwise called a Pap test or smear is the procedure used to collect cells from the cervix (lower part of the uterus). It is a routine procedure, where the tissue lining the cervix is gently scraped off. These cells are then tested for any abnormality, which might be indicative of cervical cancer.

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Is surgery the only option for cervical erosion?

Query: Hi doctor, I did my pap smear test yesterday and transvaginal ultrasound. I had scanty periods issue and usually lasted only two days or so and then spotted for four to five days. Hence, I underwent the test doctor. After checking myself for a pap smear, my doctor told me that I have bleeding inside...  Read Full »


Dr. Monica Mathur

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have seen your pap smear report (attachment removed to protect patient identity). The report shows that there are no signs of malignancy as such. The second thing is there is a fungal infection that is Candida Albicans. Now there are two things to be treat...  Read Full »

Is it possible for me to have cervical cancer when my pap smear is negative?

Query: Hello I am a female that is 19 years old. I weigh 133 pounds. I have been to several doctors but hardly have got any answers to why im in all this pain. Here is a whole list of my symptoms: Head pains, swollen lymph nodes, chest pains, bone muscle and joint pain, low grade fever, pelvic pain, irregu...  Read Full »


Dr. Uphar Gupta

General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello we shall discuss in parts. 1. Its highly unlikely that you have Cancer of the cervix. A negative pap smear ensures that. 2. Generalised pain ie malaise can be explained by the fact that you have raised ANA values and autoimmune disorders and specially seronegative. Its very hard to manage. ...  Read Full »

Can you please interpret my Pap smear report?

Query: Hi doctor, About three months ago, I got a Pap smear for the first time and it came back with abnormal HPV positive. My doctor did not really go in depth. So, I proceeded to get another Pap smear with another doctor about a week and it came back normal. I asked the doctor about my HPV and he said e...  Read Full »


Dr. Sweta Singh

Infertility Specialist, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. No need to get any further HPV (human papilloma virus) test as the repeated Pap smear was normal. Besides that, the more important thing in a Pap smear report is the histopathology. From what you say, it sounds as of the type of cells in the smear was normal. There is not...  Read Full »

What causes lighter periods?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 20 years old. I started to have birth control pill at the age of 15 for heavy periods. I switched to Depo-Provera after about four years on the same pill. I was on Depo-Provera for one year and I stopped it a year before due to irritating light spotting and mood changes. After I bega...  Read Full »


Dr. Sanjay Kumar Bhattacharyya

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. If you have a lighter period and that is what you want, then this is due to the birth control pills. They cause light period and it is also desired. Now, postcoital spotting could be due to infection, erosion as well as some polyp over the cervix. This could be a serious...  Read Full »

Can bleeding after intercourse be a sign of cervical cancer?

Query: Hi doctor, I have sex regularly with my husband. But for the past few days, I have bleeding after intercourse. What would be the cause?  Read Full »


Dr. Sini P

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Before answering your question let me know; 1. What is your age? 2. Are you pregnant? Because according to age, the causes are different. In the reproductive age group, the leading cause is any local pathology like polyp, to detect that you need a thorough examinati...  Read Full »

I have a single partner and my HPV is positive. How is it possible?

Query: Hello doctor, My HPV test results come back positive. I had intercourse only with my husband, and I am his only partner. Is there any other way this infection could have been transmitted. I get tested every two years. Could it have been dormant in one of us?  Read Full »


Dr. V Srikanth Reddy

Dermatologist, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. What strain of HPV are you tested positive? Are those genital warts? Normal cutaneous warts can also cause genital infection, so it need not be sexually transmitted all the time.  Read Full »

How is HPV diagnosed?

Query: About a month ago I had a Pap smear that came back abnormal, and was told I have hpv. My dr then did a colposcopy two weeks ago. I got a call today saying that it came back normal. What does this mean? Do I still have hpv? Do I just have low risk hpv? I have never experienced warts.  Read Full »


Dr. Sravanthi Nuthalapati

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Icliniq. There is a difference between all the tests you underwent. To make it clear for you I will explain one at a time. 1) Pap smear - it's a test used to screen if a women can be harbouring cancerous or precancerous cells over the mouth of the uterus ( i.e. CERVIX) , so basic...  Read Full »

What are the risks of conducting biopsy on a pregnant woman?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 30 years old and 20 weeks pregnant. I got an abnormal pap result with ASC-H. I had another pap two years ago and it was normal. My doctor wants to do a colposcopy and biopsy. However, I read that it does result in complication when biopsy is performed on a pregnant woman. Can I do bi...  Read Full »


Dr. Radhakrishnan Nair B

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist, Sexologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I can understand your situation and concern. You have to undergo colposcopy and if necessary biopsy too. It can be done during pregnancy and the only problem may happen is mild bleeding, which can be managed. If the lesion is mild, then it can be followed up. Moderate to ...  Read Full »

How to get rid of abdominal pain due to uterus fibroids?

Query: Hi doctor, My sister is 46 years old now. She got married 17 years back and have a girl child of age 15. For nearly 10 years, she is having abdominal pain, which will occur during the periods and will last for five days. It will start two days before periods and will last three or four days after i...  Read Full »


Dr. Gowrimeena

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. After going through the detailed information given by you, the issues I think need resolution are as follows: Regarding fibroid it need removal as that is an important cause of pain abdomen. It can be done laparoscopically at this age. My suggestion is to remove the ut...  Read Full »

For an endometrial problem, is contrast MRI useful?

Query: Hi doctor, I had not had periods for 8 years. There was some spotting for around a year. The endometrial thickness is 7.7. The complex echo suggesting menstruation, though not having periods. Please help me.  Read Full »


Dr. Sameer Kumar

Family Physician, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist, Infertility Specialist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. There is likelihood of serum progesterone deficiency. ET (endometrial thickness) 7.7 indicates a luteal phase defect and spotting indicates irregular shedding. Get a serum progesterone level test done. If low, then cyclical progesterone would have to be star...  Read Full »

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Disclaimer: All health Q&As published on this website are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.