Proton-pump Inhibitors

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are drugs that are used to reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach lining. They are used in the treatment of heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastric ulcers, and to prevent damage to the lower esophagus. Omeprazole, Lansoprazole, Rabeprazole, and Pantoprazole are some of the commonly used drugs of this group.

Recently Answered Questions Recently Answered Questions

All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

Why am I having irritation in lungs and throat?

Query: Hi doctor,I have a nagging tickle or irritation on the top of the lungs and at the bottom of the throat. It causes me to cough occasionally. I have this problem for two months with no other symptoms. I shout at some people during work and I sing frequently. I am curious whether I have damaged my voi...  Read Full »


Dr. Shyam Kalyan. N

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Please mention whether you had a sudden onset or whether it was gradual. Please mention the duration of this onset, had any associated pain, any difficulty in breathing, any change in voice, any allergies, any aggravating factor, and relieving factors. I think that you ...  Read Full »

I have red bumps under my tongue with something stuck on my throat. What to do?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 38 years old with a weight of 69 kilograms and a height of 5 feet 7 inches tall. Before six months, I had a severe dry cough and it got better within a week. I did not take any medicine for it. I also had some ulcers in my mouth and it also got resolved within a week. At that time, ...  Read Full »


Dr. Shyam Kalyan. N

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through the picture (attachment removed to protect patient identity). The bumps present in the tongue are circumvallate papillae. They are present in everybody and in some peoples, it looks apparent in the mirror. The next problem you are facing is due to re...  Read Full »

Why do I have chronic throat itching?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a female of 32 years old. I have a chronic issue of throat irritation. A year ago, I had taken treatment from the ENT specialist. He told me that everything is fine, but some kind of air obstructs the throat. Unfortunately, I lost the prescription. I have been to doctors here, ...  Read Full »


Dr. Shyam Kalyan. N

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. We are happy to help you. From the details you have provided regarding your symptoms and the previous consultations, I can conclude with reasonable surety that you are suffering from a condition called reflux laryngitis. This is a chronic condition characterized ...  Read Full »

How long should I take rest for hemorrhagic patches on vocal cords?

Query: Hi doctor, I had some vocal fatigue for a while and I have been resting my voice for pretty much one month now. I was not so sure if I should start speaking again or not. I am a bit afraid if it is going to affect my singing voice. Either way the first time I consult an ENT they said I had hemorrh...  Read Full »


Dr. Shyam Kalyan. N

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I assume that these videos are one month prior to today's condition. (attachment removed to protect patient identity). I see some amount of inter arytenoid pachydermia (suggestive of acid reflux and associated changes in the posterior part of vocal apparatus) and a...  Read Full »

I have GERD and feel a lump under Adam's apple. Is it serious?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 32 years old. I have GERD since a few years as the doctor told me after a diagnosis where he took the camera inside the food pipe. Anyway, I used to smoke then I quit but recently I smoked a bit when I was in holiday, after coming back from holidays I am getting a lump like feeling ...  Read Full »


Dr. Shyam Kalyan. N

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The lump feeling is most probably due to reflux laryngitis. It is a manifestation of GERD (gastro-esophageal reflux disease) higher up near the larynx (Adam's apple and voice box). Smoking aggravates the same or can be a trigger for it. The reflux symptoms may also be v...  Read Full »

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