Staging Of Cancer

Cancer staging is a method to describe cancer. Cancer's stage tells about the extent of cancer, its location, size, and how far it has spread to nearby lymph nodes or other parts of the body if it has spread. Knowing the cancer stage is essential as it allows the doctor to understand how serious cancer is, the affected person's chances of survival, and plan the best treatment. The TNM (tumor, node, and metastasis) system is the most widely used cancer staging system for most cancers. It is the main method of cancer reporting in hospitals and medical centers.

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What is the standard treatment for my husband's stage 3 prostate cancer?

Query: Hello doctor,My husband was diagnosed with third stage prostate cancer last week. We have been called to schedule the treatment next week, but I want to collect some information prior, so it will be helpful when I go to the clinic tomorrow. Which is the standard treatment for this? Can it be cured s...  Read Full »

Dr. Rajesh Gulati

Answer: Hi,Welcome to third stage of prostate cancer is curable. The first option is surgery; if surgery is not feasible, radiation can be given, followed by hormonal injections and a tablet of Bicalutamide. Consult your specialist doctor, discuss with them and take medicines with their cons...  Read Full »

How long is tablet Temozolomide given in grade 2 oligodendroglioma?

Query: Hi doctor, I had brain surgery four and half months ago after receiving a biopsy report (WHO grade II), followed by radiotherapy and tablet Temozolomide 120 mg during therapy. Also, I am taking five days dose of 300 mg tablet Temozolomide every 28 days as per the prescription. But, after my last cy...  Read Full »

Dr. Jatin Bhatia

Answer: Hi, Welcome to To help you, I would like to know the biopsy report in detail. The way you have described the treatment, I believe it is a case of high-grade glioma. Regarding the duration of tablet Temozolomide, in high-grade glioma, usually, twelve cycles are required. Specific molec...  Read Full »

Kindly explain my attached thyroid FNA report.

Query: Hi doctor, Please find the attachments of my thyroid FNA report. The result showed suspicious of malignancy. I hope you explain to me further. Thanks in advance.  Read Full »

Dr. Prakash H. Muddegowda

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Based on your query and attached reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity), my opinion is as follows: Yes, the report does say suspicious for malignancy. When sometimes, we are not 100% sure or if there is overlap with benign or normal findings, we do repor...  Read Full »

Breast cancer detected two days ago. Please provide expert opinion on treatment.

Query: Hello doctor, I need advise from experts about my mother. She is suffering from breast cancer. It was diagnosed two days ago. I want an expert's opinion for future treatment. Kindly guide me. What is the best treatment?  Read Full »

Dr. Arshad Hussain Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through the attached reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Yes, the biopsy report has confirmed the diagnosis of breast cancer. Now, the next step will be to stage this disease. For that purpose, she will be adviced to do a CT scan of ...  Read Full »

Can you please help me understand my mother's biopsy report?

Query: Hi doctor, My mother is 68 years old. She is 70 kg weight. A painless liaison has developed on the right lateral part of the tongue. I have consulted with an ENT surgeon and he advised for biopsy. The incision biopsy was done and the report is attached. Please clarify the report. If that is cancer, ...  Read Full »

Dr. Ajit Naniksingh Kukreja

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have gone through the reports (attachment removed to protect identity) and unfortunately I find it to be a cancerous lesion. It is cancer and the stage can be ascertained after clinical examination of the local and surrounding areas and after investigations. After evalu...  Read Full »

What are the chances of cancer recurring after six months of operation?

Query: Hello doctor, My brother-in-law gone through CA tongue right side operation followed by radiation and chemotherapy before six months. From last two weeks, he is getting pain on the left side of the tongue and we consulted the doctor again. Doctor said that there is no possibility for further operati...  Read Full »

Dr. J. Mariano Anto Bruno Mascarenhas

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand that your brother-in-law has undergone treatment for tongue cancer. Radiation so soon after previous radiation therapy is not advisable. The doctor's opinion is correct. This looks like a very aggressive tumor. We can try chemotherapy, but we cannot be sure o...  Read Full »

To identify the stage of cancer, is a PET scan necessary?

Query: Hi doctor, My query is regarding my relative who is suffering from carcinoma of cervix. I would kindly request you to advise us regarding the stage of cancer based on the biopsy, MRI and CT scan report which I have attached here for your reference. In her MRI report, there is a feature suggestive of...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Majid Hanif

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I would like to assure you that everything is going to be fine soon. I have thoroughly gone through your case and the reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity) and can well understand your genuine concerns.  Read Full »

My breast cancer stage is cT2N1MO. What is the next step to be followed?

Query: Hello doctor, I know about breast cancer stage cT2N1M0 doctor is done mm, after this treatment, what is the next step to be followed?  Read Full »

Dr. Goswami Parth Rajendragiri

Answer: Hello, Welcome to the I think you are talking regarding your self according to history. The TNM staging is showing lymph node involvement also. So after modified radical mastectomy breast removal, you need to investigate with IHC of your breast mass. The immunohistochemistry is to be ...  Read Full »

What are the odds of survival in ovarian cancer?

Query: Hello doctor,My mother was just diagnosed with ovarian cancer. She underwent a hysterectomy and the pathology report, to my understanding, reads T3b NO MO. She is 72. What can you tell me about this and what are the survival odds? They said she will be treated with chemo for five to six months once ...  Read Full »

Dr. Arshad Hussain Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to It looks like FIGO stage III ovarian cancer. I need to know the histopathological type of this tumor. Does she have any co-morbidity like diabetes, hypertension, etc? Any family history of cancer? This tumor needs chemotherapy intravenous and maybe peritoneal chemot...  Read Full »

Please check my reports and tell me if it is cancer or not.

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 67 year old male patient. My report says 'neuroendocrine tumor well-differentiated benign against a background of chronic duodenitis.' Kindly let me know whether it is cancer or not. I have no other health problems.  Read Full »

Dr. Bharat Patodiya

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Ki-67 is not done yet. That information is required to say if it has malignant cancer potential. Kindly ask the lab to perform the same. For more information consult a medical oncologist online -->  Read Full »

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