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Odontogenic tumors - Classified and Treatment

Published on Apr 29, 2022 and last reviewed on Jun 06, 2022   -  3 min read

Abstract

Abnormal growth on the jaw bone always provides a serious concern. Read below to know more about odontogenic tumors.

Contents

Introduction:

Have you ever wondered where our teeth come from? The answer is, the tooth structure and its apparatus usually arise through the interaction between ectoderm (give rise to tooth enamel) and ectomesenchyme (produces structures other than enamel) tissues. This article reviews the various tumors arising from the tissues that form teeth and their structures.

What Are Odontogenic Tumors?

The odontogenic tumor is an abnormal mass developed from the ectoderm or ectomesenchyme that gives rise to the teeth and surrounding structures. However, the exact cause of the odontogenic tumors is still a mystery. They are mostly benign (non-cancerous) and rarely spread to surrounding tissues (malignant).

How Is It Classified?

The recent classification of the benign odontogenic tumors by the World Health Organization (WHO) is listed below:

Odontogenic tumors Classified

What Are the Clinical Features?

Odontogenic tumors Clinical Features

What Are the Radiological Findings?

It is essential to understand specific terms before getting into their radiographic features.

What Are Malignant Odontogenic Tumors?

The benign odontogenic tumor rarely spreads to surrounding tissues. The characteristic features include pain, rapid growth, and loss of sensation.

Few of the malignant odontogenic tumors are listed down:

How Are Odontogenic Tumors Treated?

The odontogenic tumors are diagnosed with various imaging techniques like X-rays, computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and through biopsy (a sample of tissue is surgically removed for examination). Then, the treatments are planned accordingly depending on the clinical and radiographic features.

Conclusion:

The occurrence of odontogenic tumors are few and far between. The prognosis depends on the type of tumor and the treatment provided. Generally, the recurrence is low in benign tumors after complete excision. It is advisable to consult a dental surgeon for any abnormal swelling and pain in your jaw to diagnose the condition and differentiate it from tumors.

Last reviewed at:
06 Jun 2022  -  3 min read

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