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Ulcerative Colitis

Published on Aug 22, 2019 and last reviewed on Jun 09, 2022   -  5 min read


Ulcerative colitis results in rectal pain and bleeding due to inflammation in the digestive tract. Learn about other symptoms, diet plan, Treatment Options, and more.

Ulcerative Colitis

What Is Ulcerative Colitis?

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is a group of disease that affects your gut, that results in chronic inflammation in your gastrointestinal tract. This inflammation can result in sores or ulcers in the colon.

As it is a chronic condition, it progresses slowly, and symptoms develop late. It affects the innermost lining of the rectum and colon. It is a debilitating condition and can result in life-threatening complications. As of now, there is no cure, and treatment aims at relieving the signs and symptoms.

This inflammation increases gastric motility, which causes frequent bowel movements. Ulcers are formed as the cells of the lining of your bowel die. These ulcers can bleed. Most people affected are between ages 15 and 35 or older than 50 years.

What Are the Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis?

The severity of the disease changes over time, and different individuals experience varying degrees of symptoms. The common symptoms of ulcerative colitis are:

In severe cases, it can result in:

Most people have periods of mild or no symptoms (remission) and periods of severe symptoms (flare-up).

What Are the Causes of Ulcerative Colitis?

It was believed that our diet and too much stress results in UC, but now it is understood that they only aggravate the condition and not cause it. The exact cause is still not known. Doctors now think that when our immune system fights off infection, it also attacks the normal cells in the gastrointestinal tract causing UC. It has also been seen that genetics and family history all seem to play a role.

What Are the Risk Factors for Ulcerative Colitis?

The risk factors are:

What Are the Types of Ulcerative Colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is classified according to its location, and the types are:

How Is Ulcerative Colitis Diagnosed?

Many conditions can result in symptoms similar to UC. So to rule out all other possible causes, your doctor might suggest you undergo the following tests:

What Are the Treatment Options for Ulcerative Colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is either treated with the help of medicines or surgery.


Depending on the severity of the condition, the drugs used are:

Always consult a doctor before taking any medication, as the medicines that work for others might not work for you.


In severe cases, surgery is done to remove the entire colon and rectum, which is called proctocolectomy. In such cases, to allow the patient to pass motion almost normally and to avoid wearing a bag to collect stool, a procedure called ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is done. Here, the surgeon constructs a pouch and attaches it to the small intestine and anus.

If ileal pouch-analpouch anal anastomosis is not possible, the doctor attaches a bag to your abdomen, where the stool gets collected.

Natural Treatment:

Always consult your doctor before trying any natural treatment, as it can make your condition worse.

Home Remedies:

What Are the Complications of Ulcerative Colitis?

Some of the possible complications of UC are:

Medicines and home remedies will only help relieve symptoms to some extent, and the only cure is the removal of the colon and rectum. Surgery is done only if you develop some severe complications. To know more about this condition, consult a gastroenterologist online now.


Frequently Asked Questions


How to cure ulcerative colitis permanently?

As of now, there is no permanent cure for ulcerative colitis. Medicines are used to relieve symptoms and keep the disease in remission. In cases that result in severe inflammation of the colon or other complications, the entire colon and rectum are surgically removed.


How bad is ulcerative colitis?

It is a chronic or long-lasting condition that can result in fatal complications like perforated colon, colon cancer, and toxic megacolon (rapid swelling of the colon) if left untreated.


How painful is ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative colitis can result in severe abdominal and rectal pain, which lasts for a long time. It also causes abdominal cramps.


Is lemon water good for colitis?

Drinking warm water with lemon juice in the morning is said to be helpful for ulcerative colitis. To prevent dehydration and kidney stones, it is necessary to drink a lot of water.


What foods heal ulcerative colitis?

Some foods that heal ulcerative colitis are walnuts, olive and coconut oil, and egg yolks, as they contain linoleic acid. Omega-3 fatty acids commonly found in fatty fish and fish oil is also helpful. Probiotics also help in reducing inflammation. Using turmeric and psyllium husk might also help with the symptoms.


What are the early symptoms of ulcerative colitis?

The early symptoms of ulcerative colitis are abdominal pain and cramps, blood in stools, fever, weight loss, rectal pain, and tiredness.


What is the recovery time for ulcerative colitis surgery?

Surgery is done to remove the entire colon and rectum. You will need to stay in the hospital for around a week after the surgery, and it will take approximately 4 to 6 weeks to recover.


Can ulcerative colitis come back after surgery?

To treat ulcerative colitis, either the colon or rectum or both are surgically removed. UC does not recur after surgery.


How does a person get colitis?

The exact cause is not known, but when the body’s immune system fights off bacteria or virus, it sometimes attacks the normal cells of the gastrointestinal tract, which results in colitis. Some believe that genetics can also cause UC.

Last reviewed at:
09 Jun 2022  -  5 min read




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