HomeHealth articlesstatic encephalopathyWhat Is Static Encephalopathy?

Acquired or Static Encephalopathy - Treatment and Prevention

Verified dataVerified data

4 min read


In recent years, the term Static Encephalopathy has been used by neurologists to refer to chronic nonprogressive brain disorders in children.

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Abhishek Juneja

Published At February 22, 2023
Reviewed AtFebruary 5, 2024


Encephalopathy is a broad term describing a condition that affects the function or arrangement of your brain. There are many types of encephalopathy and brainiac disease. Some are congenital, while others develop after birth.

What Are the Types of Encephalopathy?

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy: Encephalopathy occurs with numerous concussions or brain injuries. These impacts on the head lead to nerve injury in the brain. It is usually found in boxers, football players, or members of the military who have been injured in explosions.

Glycine Encephalopathy: It is a congenital or inherited disorder in which abnormally high glycine levels (an amino acid) are in the brain. Symptoms of glycine encephalopathy occur in babies soon after birth.

Hashimoto's Encephalopathy: A rare type of Encephalopathy linked to an autoimmune disease called Hashimoto's thyroiditis. In Hashimoto's thyroiditis, immune system attacks the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is accountable for creating multiple of body's controlling hormones.

Hypertensive Encephalopathy: Hypertensive encephalopathy outcomes from severely high blood pressure that bears untreated. This can push the brain to swell, directing to brain damage and hypertensive Encephalopathy.

Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy: This condition is a kind of brain damage generated when the brain does not get an adequate amount of oxygen. This can result in enduring brain damage or dysfunction. A shortage of oxygen can induce it in the brain, such as when a developing baby is exposed to alcohol in the womb.

Toxic-Metabolic Encephalopathy: Toxic-metabolic Encephalopathy develops from infections, toxins, and organ failure. When the electrolytes and hormones are off their intermediate balance, they can affect the brain's function. This can also contain an infection in the body of harmful substances. Encephalopathy determines when the underlying chemical inequality is restored or the toxin removed.

Infectious Encephalopathies: Infectious spongiform encephalopathies are also understood as prion illnesses. Prions are proteins that happen naturally in the body, but they can mutate and cause diseases that slowly damage and deteriorate brain (neurodegenerative diseases). Prion diseases include chronic wasting, fatal familial insomnia, kuru, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Uremic Encephalopathy: Uremic encephalopathy is a result of kidney malfunction or failure. The buildup of uremic poisons in the blood causes it. This condition can cause a gentle disorder to a deep coma.

Wernicke Encephalopathy: Also apprehended as Wernicke's disease, this disorder is caused by vitamin B-1 deficiency. Long-term alcoholism, poor nutritional intake, and poor food absorption can cause a vitamin B-1 deficiency.

What Is Static Encephalopathy?

Static Encephalopathy, as illustrated by Easter Seals: "Permanent brain damage." The development results rely on the part of the brain affected and the rigor of the damage. Developmental problems may have disabilities like cerebral palsy, learning disabilities, mental retardation, autism, speech delays, trouble, attention deficits, hearing disorders and vision impairments, oral motor problems."

The leading reason for developmental disabilities characterized by Static Encephalopathy is the consumption of liquor during pregnancy.

Static Encephalopathy is present in individuals analyzed with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE). They are phrases used to explain disabilities suffered by individuals prenatally exposed to alcohol.

When a newborn baby is exposed to alcohol in the womb, any regions of the developing brain are in danger of sustaining damage. Static Encephalopathy may affect the frontal lobe, which concerns reasoning, and impulse control affects and involves the capability to process information.

Some of the neurological characteristics of Static Encephalopathy in individuals who were prenatally exposed to alcohol possess:

  • Easily oblivious and disconnected

  • Poor decision-making.

  • Difficulty with conceptual math and money administration

  • Difficulty memorizing something (short-term memory)

  • Problem recovering ideas or thoughts from memory

  • Emotive immaturity

  • Ineptitude to manage impulses

Static Encephalopathy individuals are at high risk of secondary disabilities such as:

  • Mental sickness.

  • Victimization or perpetration of sexual abuse.

  • Misuse of alcohol or other drugs.

  • Difficulty gaining independent living.

  • Difficulty keeping employment.

  • Early or undesirable incubation.

What Are the Causes of Static Encephalopathy?

The exact cause of static encephalopathy is not known, but if any damages or injuries happened to the brain produce static encephalopathy.

For example:

  • Severe head injury

  • Infections

  • Lack of oxygen to the brain

  • Meningitis (inflammation on the brain membrane)

  • Bleeding into the brain

  • Encephalitis (Inflammation of whole brain)

  • Consumption of alcohol during pregnancy

How Can We Diagnose?

To diagnose Encephalopathy, your physician will take your medical history and symptoms. They will also complete a medical exam to study for cognitive and neurological symptoms.

Tests may include:

  • Blood tests to see diseases, bacteria, viruses, toxins, hormonal or chemical imbalances, or prions.

  • Spinal tap.

  • CT (computed tomography) and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans of the head are done to detect irregularities or injury.

  • Electroencephalogram (EEG) test to measure the electrical movement in your brain.

What Is the Treatment Available?

  1. Treatment may contain medications to treat your signs and drugs or surgery to minister the underlying cause.

  2. Your medic may suggest healthy supplements to restrict the injury to your brain or a particular diet to treat underlying reasons.

  3. In some cases of the condition, such as when the brain does not obtain enough oxygen, you may fall into a coma. Your physician may put you on life aid to keep you alive in severe cases.

What Can Be Done to Prevent or Treat This Disorder?

Some types of Encephalopathy, such as genetic types, are not curable. However, other types are preventable.

Making the following modifications can lower your risk of developing many of the underlying reasons for Encephalopathy:

  • Avoiding surplus alcohol.

  • Decreasing exposure to toxic substances like pills.

  • Eating a nutritious diet.

  • Seeing your medic regularly.

  • Living a wholesome lifestyle can help decrease your risk elements for brain disease.


A healthy lifestyle has to be maintained during pregnancy to ensure the infant is healthy. In the case of static Encephalopathy, early diagnosis and intervention are required.

Source Article IclonSourcesSource Article Arrow
Dr. Abhishek Juneja
Dr. Abhishek Juneja



static encephalopathy
Community Banner Mobile
By subscribing, I agree to iCliniq's Terms & Privacy Policy.

Source Article ArrowMost popular articles

Do you have a question on

static encephalopathy

Ask a doctor online

*guaranteed answer within 4 hours

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website. Read our Editorial Process to know how we create content for health articles and queries.

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. iCliniq privacy policy