Biopsy is a diagnostic test which is ordered for the confirmation of diagnosis in certain conditions. In this procedure, a sample of the problematic tissue is removed from the body and sent to a laboratory to be observed under a microscope. There are different types of biopsies based on the procedure used to remove the tissue as well as extent of removal.

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Is biopsy of testis the only option to test for dry ejaculation?

Query: Hi doctor, My younger brother is about to get married. He has a problem of "dry ejaculation" which disables him to masturbate. It seems like his body does not produce any semen at all. He has the sexual pleasure just like normal people, the only problem is that he does not have any semen. He visit...  Read Full »

Dr. Ashok Kumar Choudhary

Answer: Hello, Welcome to First of all, I would like to tell you that biopsy is completely safe. It hurts very minimally, only like an intravenous injection. During a biopsy, a small piece of tissue (from the testis) is taken for examination and there is no risk of damaging his testis forever...  Read Full »

What is the reason for recurrent underarm swellings in my wife with a pus discharge?

Query: Hello doctor, My wife develops swelling in her underarm from the last 2 to 3 years. This swelling is painful, and she is not able to lift her hand. After a week, this swelling discharges a bad smelling puss and blood. This happens every 2 to 3 months. Two years back, we consulted a surgeon, who inc...  Read Full »

Dr. Pratik Patil

Answer: Hi,Welcome to lymph nodes swelling especially in armpits is not a good sign. She needs to get investigated thoroughly.Does she have any complaints of a cough since a long time? Any swellings in the breast? The last time you got the nodes operated, did you get a biopsy done?Tu...  Read Full »

How to cure the muscle weakness and pain in the left forearm and hip?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 41 year old male. My creatine phosphokinase is mildly elevated. The reports came as 220 twice and as normal thrice. And, there was hemoglobin in my urine test. I constantly have muscle weakness and mild pain on my left side, at the forearm and hip. The weakness started suddenly...  Read Full »

Dr. Ashaq Hussain Parrey

Answer: Hello, I read your query and understand your concerns about muscle weakness and raised muscle enzymes. The probable diagnosis is polymyositis. People with polymyositis have: A weakness of muscles of the thigh, gluteal muscles, and shoulder girdle. Raised CPK (creatine phosphokinase) and LDH (lactate...  Read Full »

The tags on my penis are flexible without pain. Does it indicate skin tags or genital warts?

Query: Hi doctor, I was sexually assaulted last year. I got tested for all STDs, and everything came back negative. I also have type 1 diabetes with skin issues. I have some skin tags on my penis, and I showed my condition to a clinic, and the doctor told me that it is just skin tags. These tags are painl...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. I have gone through the photos and details (attachment removed to protect patient identity). If they are movable and flexible, the lesion may be due to skin tags, as mentioned in case details. But warts also have to be ruled out. The differe...  Read Full »

Are swollen lymph nodes in the neck and groin without any symptoms concerning?

Query: Hello doctor, My 27-year-old daughter has had two enlarged lymph nodes in her neck and groin for four months. She had her blood tests done, and they have come back normal. She has no other symptoms. She is skinny, and so the doctor feels that the lymph nodes are noticeable for this reason. Is thi...  Read Full »

Dr. Zubayeralam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. I can understand your concern. According to your statement, your daughter has had three palpable lymph nodes, two in the neck and one in the groin, for the last four months. Swollen lymph nodes generally develop due to previous or present...  Read Full »

Can heavy menstrual bleeding cause anemia?

Query: Hello doctor,I have been suffering from anemia for over 12 years now. I am very sure that within this time frame, my hemoglobin level has never been higher than 10 g/dL. Recently, my hemoglobin was at 7.1 g/dL. I have seen many doctors and have informed them of a family history of a kidney disease, ...  Read Full »

Dr. Prasad Eswaran

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Can you forward your hemoglobin electrophoresis report to me? For more information consult a hematologist online -->  Read Full »

How to confirm melanoma?

Query: Hi doctor, I have a mole on the right side of my face. It is uneven, weirdly colored, has no clear lines and bleed easily if scratched. I have a lot of moles in my scalp but none like this. Could it be melanoma? If it is not then can I just scratch it off? I wish to know your opinion.  Read Full »

Dr. Gaurang Gupta

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have gone through your photos (attachment removed to protect patient identity). As per experience only two skin diseases looks like this. The first one is of course melanoma and the second is seborrheic keratosis. The main signs and symptoms of melanoma are ...  Read Full »

How to know if the miscarriage is caused due to endometriosis?

Query: Hello doctor, My friend tested positive for chronic endometritis following a biopsy. Her question is, what needs to be present in the tissue sample to conclude that the endometritis is the result of a miscarriage? What could be the other causative agents?  Read Full »

Dr. Ashish Vilas Jawarkar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Conclusive proof for endometritis, following a miscarriage, would be the presence of villi and decidua in the biopsy. However, that may not be seen in most cases. Blood beta hCG levels in pregnancy range, just before the biopsy would suffice. For further queries cons...  Read Full »

Kindly give your opinion on the mammography and biopsy report of the breast lump of my mother.

Query: Hello doctor, My mother is having a lump in her right breast for the past three months. I have attached her mammography and biopsy reports. Kindly help me know her diagnosis. Thanks.  Read Full »

Dr. Maneesha

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through her report (attachments removed to protect the patient’s identity). It shows an irregular mass in the breast, which is highly suggestive of malignancy (cancer). The lesions have the characteristic morphology of breast cancer with more ...  Read Full »

What are the most common causes of groin and cervical lymph node enlargement?

Query: Hello doctor, My daughter has had two enlarged lymph nodes of size 4 mm for the past four weeks. One lymph node is present in the groin, and the other is beneath her ears. Should I be concerned? Kindly help.  Read Full »

Dr. Zubayeralam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. I can understand your concern. According to your statement, your daughter has two enlarged lymph nodes that are 4 mm in size, one in her groin and another one under her ear. The most common cause of swollen lymph nodes is a bacteria...  Read Full »

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