Biopsy is a diagnostic test which is ordered for the confirmation of diagnosis in certain conditions. In this procedure, a sample of the problematic tissue is removed from the body and sent to a laboratory to be observed under a microscope. There are different types of biopsies based on the procedure used to remove the tissue as well as extent of removal.

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Why did I get many new moles on my fingers within a year?

Query: Hello doctor, I am 29-years-old male. I am noticing new moles appearing mainly in my fingers for the past one year. They are raised, and I am unsure of what it is. Kindly help.  Read Full »

Dr. Snehal Laul

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I suggest you do a biopsy to rule out malignancy. Kindly avoid sun exposure and use Photostable sunscreen (Methoxycinnamate, Methylene Bis-Benzotriazolyl, Tetramethylbutylphenol, Ethylhexyl Triazone, Bis-Ethylhexyloxyphenol, Methoxyphenyl Triazine, Diethylamino ...  Read Full »

I noticed tiny white lumps on the back of the throat. What is it?

Query: Hello doctor,I am a 27 year old female. Yesterday, I noticed little white lumps at the back of my throat. The one behind the palatopharyngeal arch is red, and another one on the back of my throat, on each side, which is red in color with little white things on them. What is it? I do not know how lo...  Read Full »

Dr. Parth R Goswami

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Here in your case, a step-wise approach should be considered. According to the history provided, you have red swelling on posterior pharynx with white dots over that. Hence, it could be a tonsillar enlargement or posterior pharynx mucosa swelling or a mass. It can be...  Read Full »

What is the prognosis of cancer that has spread to the lung, adrenal gland, and liver?

Query: Hello doctor, I was diagnosed with cancer recently. And it has metastasized to the lung, adrenal gland, and liver. I have attached my reports for your reference. Kindly help, doctor.  Read Full »

Dr. Abdul Aziz Khan

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Thanks for the query. After reviewing your radiological reports (attachments removed to protect the patient’s identity), there are malignant lesions involving the upper part of the left lung with regional lymphadenopathy and adrenal mass with diffuse abdom...  Read Full »

My testicular ultrasound shows multiple solid nodules. Is biopsy needed?

Query: Hi doctor, I have had an ultrasound on my testicles and found multiple solid nodules or lumps and lesions in both testicles. He strongly suspects germ cell tumors. I have had blood tests done, and tumor markers and everything else is normal. I will be seeing a urologist in about two weeks. Do I have...  Read Full »

Dr. Arvind Guru

Answer: Hi,Welcome to testicular mass is treated as cancer unless proven otherwise. That is why it is advised to evaluate the lesions found by patient or ultrasound by surgical removal and detailed pathological examination.Whereas for most other sites, the biopsy is possible. The biopsy is n...  Read Full »

Is a biopsy report essential when Corhn's signs are present during an abdominal surgery?

Query: Hello doctor, I had small bowel obstruction on the twenty-seventh of last month. They took out the appendix and attached fat tissue. They also found fluid in the stomach pelvis and cul-de-sac. I have lived with really bad constipation for some time tried everything to decrease it. I also have been ...  Read Full »

Dr. Utkarsh Sharma

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand your concern and will help you regarding it. I have assessed the attachments thoroughly (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity). The histopathology report mentions in interpretation, "Appendicular mucosa with minimal focal acute infla...  Read Full »

Does my mum require surgery for her benign brain tumor?

Query: Hi doctor, My mom was admitted to the hospital due to an extreme headache, clicking sound in the head and high blood pressure. CAT scan revealed that she had a benign brain tumor and no surgery will probably be needed. After making an MRI, another neurosurgeon said she would have to remove it as it...  Read Full »

Dr. Hitesh Kumar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to The lesion in the MRI brain of your mom is a small one on the left side. It is very adjacent to dura mater and showing contrast enhancement. This size of the lesion is very less likely to produce a headache by pressure effect. But, it is very important to find the exac...  Read Full »

Are moles with color variation and discharge indicative of melanoma?

Query: Hi doctor, I have a query regarding a spot I have on my back. I took some pictures with a digital microscope. I need to know whether it is a mole or it is a melanoma. My actual weight is 91 kg. Images were taken with a USB common microscope with a PC. The size measures around 0.5 mm, half a mill...  Read Full »

Dr. Dilip Meena

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Thanks for sharing the pictures (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity). I want to ask a few things before giving my opinion. 1) What is the duration? 2) Any recent change in color, texture, or any ulceration? 3) It seems there is some ooz...  Read Full »

Is mild fever during periods indicative of endometrial cancer?

Query: Hello doctor, Some months I have a fever of around 39 degrees on the second day of my period. It may happen three months and may not in one month and again in the fourth month. It is on and off for eight months now. I got an ultrasound, and my doctor wants a biopsy now and will do it without anes...  Read Full »

Dr. Deepti Katarya

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Thirty-nine degrees is a very mild grade fever, and it is normal to have this spike during your periods. You need not worry at all. You can take any medicine for fever or tablet Ibuprofen, and even if you do not take it is not going to harm you. Your ultrasound repor...  Read Full »

Can the cyst in my mother's uterus be cancerous?

Query: Hi doctor, My mother is 48 years old, and she was having a problem with menstruation. So, she got a sonography done, and the sonography reports showed a large, and ill-defined heterogeneous mass lesion with moderate internal vascularity in cervix extending into the lower uterine region and upper one...  Read Full »

Dr. R Balakrishnan Menon

Answer: Hi, Welcome to From the history, I do not think you have to worry. Let me explain why. It mostly appears to be a fibroid arising from the lower uterine segment, just above the cervix and extending to the vagina. Never diagnose any disease by just an investigation report. Most impo...  Read Full »

Will biopsy report of tumor change while performing craniotomy for the second time?

Query: Hello doctor, Recently my mother had a craniotomy for tumor removal. Last year she had a craniotomy as well, and it was diagnosed as glioblastoma. But this time, the biopsy report says it is anaplastic astrocytoma. The oncologist says the report is wrong. I am attaching the report below. Please giv...  Read Full »

Dr. Utkarsh Sharma

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand your concern and will help you regarding it. I have assessed the attached histopathology report thoroughly (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity). First of all, I would like to tell you that a pathologist gives the diagnosis based on the...  Read Full »

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