The sudden, painful, and involuntary contractions of various muscles in the body are called cramps. The commonly affected muscles are lower leg, thigh, abdominal wall, and feet. Muscle injuries, dehydration, low levels of minerals, menstruation, poor blood supply, etc., are some of the common causes of cramps.

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Why am I seeing spottings in my underwear with delay in periods?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 19 year old female. I am concerned about my menstrual cycle. About two weeks ago, I noticed spotting in my underwear. It went on for two and a half days. On the first day it was reddish, and on the second day, it seemed a bit brownish. I was supposed to get my periods four days...  Read Full »

Dr. Balakrishnan. R

Answer: Hello, Welcome to How are you doing? That was an excellent and elaborate history. You will do well in medicine. And, I am happy that I can use medical terms. Let me tell you though that the only significant part of this history was the high-stress levels which you laughed away. About th...  Read Full »

Are cramps, spotting, and nausea after unprotected sex signs of pregnancy?

Query: Hi doctor, I have a height of five feet four inches and a weight of 77 kilograms. I have nausea, insomnia, fatigue, dizziness, leg cramps with back pain for a week. Today is my period day. I had spotting and cramps one or two times. I faced a sharp pain in the left lower abdomen. I had unprotected ...  Read Full »

Dr. Nnaedozie Umeani

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. You are having nausea, insomnia, fatigue, dizziness, leg cramps, back pain, lower abdominal pain for a week with spotting. You have hypothyroidism also. You can have these symptoms due to ectopic pregnancy, normal uterine pregnancy, primary dy...  Read Full »

Is there any chance of getting pregnant from the sex I had a few days before my periods?

Query: Hello doctor, I had unprotected sex a few days before my expected date of periods. The period is now late by a week. I have been having cramps. I also had a brown spotting, but there was nothing after that.  Read Full »

Dr. Balakrishnan. R

Answer: Hello, Welcome to How are you doing? If you had sex in the last week of your cycle, there is no chance of a pregnancy. The life of an egg is 24 hours and that of a sperm is 72 hours. Ovulation occurs in the 12th to the 16th day of your cycle. So, there is no chance that the egg will be ...  Read Full »

I am suffering from cramps after sex for the past one week. Kindly help.

Query: Hello doctor, I have been suffering from cramps for one week. I started getting these cramps a day or two after the intercourse. I took two pregnancy tests; both were negative. Please kindly help.   Read Full »

Dr. Reetika Joshi

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I fully understand your concern and will surely help you. Please tell me if you have been sexually active earlier and, if yes, if you had similar complaints earlier? Was the intercourse protected or unprotected? When was your last menstrual period, and when are you ...  Read Full »

After my ovarian cyst removal surgery, I have discharge from the site, spotting, and having cramps. Why?

Query: Hi doctor, I got open surgery to remove a cyst from the ovary. My period ended last Saturday. I am now ovulating, but I had a lot of water blogged tinged discharge that soaked my innerwear and has been spotting and having cramps. I am worried if this is normal because I am back working 12 hours on m...  Read Full »

Dr. Manwani Saloni Dilip

Answer: Hi,Welcome to I understand your concern. You should not be having the blood-tinged discharge almost two months after the surgery. Even the swelling around the surgical site is abnormal. So I suggest you schedule a visit with your surgeon and might also need an internal examination and u...  Read Full »

Please suggest some solutions for prolonged cramping during pregnancy.

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 22-year-old female, have cramping for more than three weeks, my pregnancy test came positive and I am not taking any medications. Please help.  Read Full »

Dr. Manisha Raghunath Auradkar

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. The cramps might or might not be related to your pregnancy. I suggest getting an ultrasound of the whole abdomen. It is the next best thing you should do. The pain can be due to different reasons. It is necessary to look for ectopic pregnancy. A...  Read Full »

Why am I having leg cramps after taking a gluten-free diet?

Query: Hi doctor,I am having leg cramps, especially after taking lunch. I am on a gluten-free diet because of irritable bowel syndrome. This gluten-free diet helped cure my loose motion.  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Majid Hanif

Answer: Hi, Welcome to There are a lot of reasons for leg cramping: Muscular spasms. Least physical activity. Hemoglobin and other constituents of blood not in the normal range. If the blood supply to muscles is interrupted for a short time. Fluid and electrolytes im...  Read Full »

I have a delay in period with bright red bleeding now. Is it a miscarriage?

Query: Hello doctor, My periods were late by six days. I had taken five pregnancy tests, and all were negative. I have a dull ache in my lower back and cramps on my right side. Now, I am bleeding bright red, and the flow is mild. Could this be a miscarriage, or is it my normal period? I had a few pregna...  Read Full »

Dr. Jimesh H. Mavani

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Since the five tests were negative and you have started bleeding, you are not pregnant. Because urine pregnancy tests can be positive for a variable period, they can be positive from the 10th day to two months, even after an abortion. So, you are not pregnant. Symptoms ...  Read Full »

Why is my period late after taking an emergency contraceptive pill the next day of unprotected sex?

Query: Hello doctor,I had my due date of periods one week ago. My fiance and I had unprotected sex nine days ago. And I took an emergency contraceptive pill the following day. I am not having periods till now but have experienced abdominal cramps.What should I do?Thanks.  Read Full »

Dr. Richa Agarwal

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thanks for trusting us about your health care. I have gone through your history, and I can understand your concerns. Your menstrual irregularities could be due to hormonal imbalance caused by the emergency contraceptive pill. As you took the pill on time, there is ...  Read Full »

Why is my wife experiencing heavy bleeding with all other pregnancy symptoms?

Query: Hello doctor, My wife and I had sex one and a half months ago. We used the withdrawal method for contraception. After four weeks, she showed all the pregnancy symptoms including delayed period. Five weeks after the intercourse, she had heavy bleeding and it continued for four days. I think it was a...  Read Full »

Dr. Dattaprasad Balasaheb Inamdar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to A negative pregnancy test rules out pregnancy. But, to be safe, you can get a serum beta hCG test done. A negative result will rule out any possibility of pregnancy. All the pregnancy symptoms can occur in the case of pregnancy in tubes, called as ectopic pregnancy, wh...  Read Full »

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