Hba1c

HbA1c or otherwise called hemoglobin A1c test or glycated hemoglobin test is a test to determine your average blood sugar over the past 2 to 3 months. This test detects the amount of glucose bound hemoglobin in your blood. The normal range of HbA1c is 4 to 5.6 %.

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Please suggest medication for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 44-year-old male. My height is 167 cm and weighs about 71 kg. I am a diabetic (Type 2) since 12 years. Family history: My father is a diabetic and expired due to cardiac arrest. I am currently on Humalog Lispro 100 insulin via medtronic pump. I take both vegetarian and non-v...  Read Full »


Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Cardiologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I will provide you the outline of management in your case, however, actual changes in treatment regimen should be done after discussing with treating doctor. Firstly, your heart looks alright with no evidence of blockages, however, blood pressure is an issue which ...  Read Full »

I have small renal cyst in my left kidney. Is it a concerning issue?

Query: Hi doctor, I have been diagnosed with a small renal cyst on my left kidney. I understand this is rare in my age group. Please help.  Read Full »


Dr. Asma Sajid

General Practitioner, Family Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have read your query and the first thing to know about a single kidney cyst is that it is usually harmless. You have not mentioned if this was an incidental finding (usually they are) or are you experiencing any symptoms like dull flank pain or abdominal pain or prob...  Read Full »

For how long should I continue the medicine for diabetes and cholesterol?

Query: Hello doctor, I have recently got married and moved abroad. When I was in India last time, we got the medical tests done and diagnosed with diabetes HbA1c of 10.2 and fasting blood sugar as 235. Doctor gave me Cetapin XR 1000 mg and asked me to use it for three months and get the medical test done....  Read Full »


Dr. Divakara P

Diabetologist, Endocrinologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Pain Medicine Physician, Pulmonologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I went through your reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity) and your HbA1c (glycated hemoglobin) has improved really well. I am happy about that. As advised by the doctor continue taking Cetapin the same dose. But as of Lipitor is concerned I think onl...  Read Full »

I am a diabetic and hypertensive. What medication should I take to lower the level of creatinine?

Query: Hi doctor, I have hypertension and diabetes for 25 years. I am taking 250 units of Insulin for six years. GFR 20 creatinine is 3.11. Should I take Cremaffin to reduce the creatinine? I am taking Aten 100, Telmisartan 80, Benina 8mg. I had edema in legs and started Lasix 120 mg and Zyloric 500 mg. M...  Read Full »


Dr. Shahil Khant

Andrologist, General Surgeon, Urologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have seen the reports sent by you. (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Your creatinine is 3.1 which is not very high. Also, your other blood reports are fairly fine. But your HbA1c (glycated hemoglobin) is high. It should be below 7. Your diabetes i...  Read Full »

There are traces of sugar in urine test. Should I be worried?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a male of 59 years. Diabetic for 7 years and hypertensive for 19 years. My HbA1c always will be below 7 and creatinine at 0.9 that is minimum. Recently, I undergone microalbuminuria spot urine test which showed 141 mg/L, and complete urine analysis showed all the parameters negativ...  Read Full »


Dr. Nitin Dongre

Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. As you said your HbA1c is below 7, so it means your mean blood glucose level must be less than 180 mg. If it is so then your kidney is having the power to excrete the sugar. But, you stated there are traces of sugar in your urine. If you had done your HbA1c more then 60...  Read Full »

What are the tests required to diagnose erectile dysfunction?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 35 years old. I am married for last 4 years and having a kid. I led a sedentary lifestyle. My fasting blood sugar was 257 and PP was 353. My HbA1c was 11.3. I was diagnosed to have diabetes. I consulted my friend with is a doctor and under his guidance, I changed my diet and started...  Read Full »


Dr. Ashok Kumar Choudhary

Andrologist, General Practitioner, Geriatrician, Psychiatrist, Psychologist Counsellor, Psychotherapist, Sexologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your query and understand your concerns. First of all, I like to inform you that there is no test which alone can tell you whether you have ED (erectile dysfunction) or not other than the history and proper physical examination. This is the thing which are do...  Read Full »

Please interpret my mother's MRI report.

Query: Hi doctor, My mom is 55 years old. We met with a car accident. She got hit near eyebrows and so far she is on the safer side. She does not have any symptoms such as headache, paralysis, etc. Our doctor suggested a CT scan of her head. In the report they found some white matter which is not clear wi...  Read Full »


Dr. Anshul Varshney

Criticalcare Physician, Diabetologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Medical Gastroenterologist, Nephrologist, Pulmonologist, Rheumatologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. We are here to help you. This report (attachment removed to protect patient identity) is suggestive of ischemic changes. These findings are incidental and not related to the head injury she had. She needs to be evaluated for the possible causes like high blood p...  Read Full »

How to reduce PP blood sugar level of 174?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 65 year old male. Before 12 years, I went for my first master checkup without symptoms. The result showed high 2 hours PPBG while FBG and A1c are normal. The consultant physician advised me to eat less at a time and increase the number of feeds in a day and encouraged me to check ...  Read Full »


Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar

Diabetologist, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. On going through the details provided, it is clear that you are in a prediabetes situation. Following are the criteria for diagnosing diabetes: Normal: Fasting blood glucose (FBG) 70 to 110 mg, PP less than 140 mg and HbA1c% less than 5.9. Prediabetes: FBG 108 to...  Read Full »

Is diabetes medicine needed if HbA1c is 7.5?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 52 year old female. One year before I went to a diabetologist and took glucose tolerance test. Here is the result, fasting - 128 mg/dL, 1 hour - 340 mg/dL, 2 hour - 196 mg/dL. Doctor prescribed medicine for a month but after that I did not take any medication. Now I would...  Read Full »


Dr. Ankush Gupta

Criticalcare Physician, Family Physician, General Practitioner, Diabetologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. As you have mentioned that took medicine for a month, still your HbA1c - glycated hemoglobin is 7.5 (attachment removed to protect patient identity). This is little high. The target of HbA1c should be less than 7. So, I would suggest you to continue with tablet Glycipha...  Read Full »

I had pregnancy diabetes. But, why is my sugar level shooting up even after pregnancy?

Query: Hello doctor, During pregnancy, I checked my sugar levels. It was very high. I consulted a sugar specialist. She gave me Glucophage 500 mg. In the seventh month, I used insulin. The doctor said that it is pregnancy diabetes and after delivery, it will get alright. But after delivery, my sugar ...  Read Full »


Dr. Shaikh Sadaf

Diabetologist, Endocrinologist, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I just read your query and from what you have mentioned, it appears that you have diabetes and you must take treatment for it. Gestational diabetes which you had during pregnancy may be the time you discovered that you had diabetes but you must have been havin...  Read Full »

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