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How to Prevent Hair Damage

Written by
Dr. Sreelakshmi S
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Jul 25, 2018 and last reviewed on Oct 10, 2019   -  3 min read


Beautiful, shiny, healthy hair is every woman's dream. But, in order to make hair attractive, we often do things which, in turn, cause damage to the hair. Damaged hair is fragile, giving a frizzy unhealthy appearance. If further same thing is continued, it can lead to hair loss and bald spots. But, a little care can prevent further damage. These are some tips to prevent hair damage.

How to Prevent Hair Damage

Hair is a non-living, filamentous biomaterial consisting mainly of proteins, in particular, keratin. For this reason, once hair is damaged, it cannot heal by itself except by new hair growth at the scalp. Women need to understand that the very things that they do to hair to make it appear beautiful, such as using hair dyes, perms and products that straighten the hair, will eventually end up damaging the hair’s structure and ultimately affect its appearance. But, some changes in regular hair care can prevent or halt the damage.

1. Washing the Hair

How frequently do we need to wash our hair? The answer depends upon the oil production of the scalp. If your scalp is too oily, you may need a frequent hair wash, like once a day. But, if your scalp and hair are too dry, you require to wash your hair less frequently.

Rinse your hair immediately after swimming, wash the scalp with specially-formulated swimmer's shampoo and use a deep conditioner.

2. Use of Shampoo and Conditioner

Use conditioning shampoo and conditioner regularly to improve the appearance of frizzy hair. Look for products which contain Dimethicone which helps decrease static electricity, increases shine and improves manageability. Pick a shampoo and conditioner based on your hair shape such as curly or straight and hair conditioner such as dry, damaged or frizzy. Apply shampoo directly to the scalp and massage gently along the direction of the hair follicle. Do not rub your hair with shampoo, let the shampoo run through the hair while washing. The shampoo is only to clean dirt and oil from the scalp, overuse of it can cause damage to your hair. After washing with shampoo, apply a generous amount of conditioner at the hair ends, not on the scalp, leave it for one to minutes before washing.

3. Drying of Hair

Do not rub the hair with a towel to dry the hair. Wrap it around the head or allow hair to air dry. If you are using a hair dryer to dry your hair, start from the lowest heat setting and gradually increase the heat. Heat can damage the hair, resulting in brittle, frizzy hair. Protecting the hair from heat is essential to prevent hair damage. Moisturizing the hair regularly will help the appearance of heat-damaged hair to some degree, but stopping the source of heat damage is essential. If your hair is straight, comb your hair when it is dry with a wide-toothed brush. But if it is curly, comb your hair while it is damp.

4. Hair Straightening

There are many hair straightening options nowadays, ranging from ceramic flat irons for temporary straightening to chemical treatment for more long-lasting results. To straighten hair with a ceramic iron, put a moist towel in the device to protect the hair from direct heat. A procedure called keratin hair straightening, which is done in salons, uses a combination of chemicals and heat to break or rearrange the natural bonds and is more damaging to hair. With this procedure, hair must be kept dry and not bent or manipulated for several days after the process. To minimize hair damage and loss, extend the time between treatments. When washing hair, use a generous amount of conditioner to make hair less brittle. If hair becomes frizzy and brittle, stop the procedure and let new hair growth replace damaged hair.

5. Styling

Brush and comb your hair only to style it. Hair does not need 100 brush strokes every day! Avoid pulling and tugging on hair as you brush or comb it. Detangle hair gently, use a moisturizing conditioner if necessary. Wear hair loosely pulled back. Use covered rubber bands to hold the hair. Try to avoid using hair styling products whenever possible.

If you are wearing a weave or hair extension, use those that are light, so they do not tug at hair. Get them done by experts. Wear a weave or extension for two to three months at the most. Keep up scalp hygiene when wearing a weave or extension.

6. Coloring Hair

Choose a color that is close to your natural hair. Try to add more time between touch-ups. Use conditioner after each shampoo. When you are out in the sun, protect your hair by using a leave-in conditioner containing zinc oxide or wear a cap. Do not do multiple services like coloring, perming or relaxing at the same sitting. If you need multiple services, do perming or relaxing first followed by coloring two weeks later.

If your hair is not improving even after all these, the root cause of the problems may not be your hair care. Consult a certified dermatologist for expert opinion, especially if you have thinning of hair. Most problems can be treated. The sooner you address the problem, better the results.

For more information consult a hair loss specialist online -->


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Last reviewed at:
10 Oct 2019  -  3 min read




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