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Conception, Pregnancy, Breastfeeding, and COVID-19

Published on Jul 13, 2020   -  6 min read

Abstract

COVID-19 has its own influence on pregnancy. Read this article to know more about the influences.

Contents
Conception, Pregnancy, Breastfeeding, and COVID-19

Abstract:

Pregnancy is a divine opportunity. Also, it is the time where you need full attention. It is going to be a new journey for women. If you are already pregnant, it is time to be more careful. If you are planning for a pregnancy, then this would definitely not be the right time. Breast milk is the most nutritious one. It is also a basic necessity for a child. It is the way an unbreakable bond develops between a baby and a mother. When the baby is hungry, the breast milk from the mother starts flowing automatically. It is that very important. If you are a woman who was waiting for an in-vitro fertilization technique, then the bad news is COVID-19 is pushing this procedure far away.

How Is Conception Affected by COVID-19?

The outbreak of COVID-19 has not put everyone in a comfort zone. There is anxiety everywhere. If the couples are planning for a baby during this COVID-19 season, there might be possibilities of reporting to the hospital during their checkups. We do not know if the hospital setup is contamination-free. In fact, it is the state where there are increased risks in hospitals. Everything cannot be planned perfectly, though. There can be situations of unplanned and unexpected pregnancies too. Each and every woman deserves to have a healthy pregnancy and delivery, irrespective of their health condition to COVID-19. In this way, you can maintain social distancing. Many doctors recommend avoiding ordinary appointments. When it comes to conception and pregnancy, you should never miss any appointments. It is advised to get a consultation through telemedicine services like icliniq.com. Many gynecologists are making consultations through online platforms. In this way, antenatal care is provided to the patients. You should give a second thought if you are planning for a baby.

What Effect Does Coronavirus Have on Pregnant Women?

There is no additional risk for the pregnant ladies for COVID-19. The shortness of breath experienced by the patients during pregnancy might coincide with the symptoms of COVID-19. If you usually do not have any symptoms such as shortness of breath and you suspect that you have COVID-19, then you should seek help from your maternity health care team. Among the reported cases, the highest number of pregnant patients were known to be in the third trimester of pregnancy. This shows the importance of social distancing right from 28 weeks of time. The risk factors among pregnant women are:

What Effect Will COVID-19 Have on My Baby, If the Mother Is Tested Positive With COVID-19?

Since the virus is new, all the characteristics of them are not properly identified. Still, there is an increased risk of miscarriage. Reports have shown the occurrence of COVID-19 in many newborn babies. Even if the fetus is safe in the womb, if the mother is tested positive, then there are high risks of the mother transmitting the infection to the baby. If the virus is present in the mother, it can interrupt the development of the baby. In the few cases that were reported with the mother being negative, one in five babies were born prematurely. It was left to a situation where the babies should be protected in a neonatal care unit. Some babies should have positive tests for COVID-19. Though the mother is tested positive for COVID-19 or not, it is essential to provide complete care for the newborn. One notable point is that pregnant women are considered as a highly vulnerable group for COVID-19. The pregnant women of the Asian and the black origin were found to be having more susceptibility than others.

What to Do If You Are Pregnant?

The best precaution measure is to follow government advice. The government will take measures depending on geographic variability. This will be the best suitable advice. The golden rule for COVID-19 is to maintain social distancing. It is necessary to stay away from common gatherings. This is a wise way to avoid anyone who is suffering from the symptoms of COVID-19. It is still considered good for pregnant women to go for walking. But the current trend is not allowing them to do so. Still, you can prefer to walk inside your house or terrace.

When you are in your third trimester, it is the time where you should give importance to little more social distancing.

If you are pregnant right now and have an additional medical illness, you can consult a doctor online. Speaking to your midwife who crossed their pregnancy period in a healthy way can be really helpful. Talking to your obstetrician can also help. Your mental well being might be affected too. You can talk to counselors and ask their help to relieve the anxiety. Earlier, you would have contacted your doctor face-face. Now, we are in a situation to get healthcare from telemedicine services. This drastic change of method would be difficult to adapt.

Certain countries have the habit of letting the birth partner be with the pregnant mother during delivery. Due to the viral crisis, the entry of birth partners are being restricted in a few countries now. If you were expecting your birth partner to be there, then it would be a disappointment for you. You should prepare your mind for this.

Do not conduct baby shower functions in a well-established manner. If the function happens in a common gathering, then the risk of infection increases for the mother, baby, and all the others who are attending the function.

What Are the Precaution Measures to Be Followed in the Labor Ward?

To prevent the spreading of viruses to other patients, babies, and others who are in the ward, it is very necessary that you do not attend the maternity ward until and unless it is essential. Make sure the pregnant women have no symptoms for COVID-19 recently.

How Should the Newborns Be Treated?

The newborns need special care and attention during the outbreak. Vaccination should be given at the right time. Postnatal care is as important as prenatal care. Do not take the baby outside. If a breastfeeding mother is found to be positive with COVID-19, then the baby should be kept isolated. As there is no proper evidence to show that it is safe to breastfeed a baby while being positive to COVID-19, it is not good to take risks. If the baby is isolated from the infected mother, there are chances for the mother to reconnect with the baby after she recovers fully. Some doctors are recommending the use of breast pump equipment. But, we do not know the reliability of this equipment. The babies can be substituted with powdered milk that is available. However, there are risks everywhere. It is totally the personal choice of the mother to breastfeed or not. If the mother is completely isolated, then there are no possibilities for feeding. In such cases, the possibility of feeding the baby with other products should be considered.

How Are Babies Affected by COVID-19?

Infants who are under the age of one are known to face a higher risk with COVID-19. The immune system of babies would not have developed well by the age of one. In this situation, if any virus attacks the babies, we do not know if they would be able to fight against them. Babies have a smaller airway, which will make them more susceptible to develop breathing problems. Statistical data showed that less than 11% of the infants were affected by a severe illness in china. These newborn babies get the exposure of viruses during childbirth. They might also get exposure from the caregivers. Special care should be given to the newborn. This might include the temporary separation of the mother from the baby. To decrease the risk of infection, the baby should be carefully monitored for the signs of infection. After the childbirth, if there are no symptoms noticed in the baby for 15 days, the baby can be discharged. It is necessary that the caregivers wear a face mask always. The bottles, dresses, and other objects used by the baby should be washed well with hot water. Additionally, the food plates that are used by the babies should be kept separately. If there are any diabetic patients present in the house, then the baby must be kept isolated from them. If there are any people in the house showing partial symptoms, they must stay away from the baby. Follow up can be done by the caregivers through phone calls or video calls. Do visit our website for virtual assistance.

 

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13 Jul 2020  -  6 min read

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