Congenital Abnormalities

Congenital abnormalities, otherwise called birth defects, are physical, intellectual, or developmental disabilities present at birth. It can result from genetic or chromosomal disorders, infections during pregnancy, exposure to chemicals, smoking, and some conditions affecting the mother (uncontrolled diabetes, obesity), or advanced maternal age.

Recently Answered Questions Recently Answered Questions

All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

My 9-month-old infant has Klippel-Feil syndrome and has multilevel issues throughout her spine. Please provide a suggestion.

Query: Hi doctor, My nine-month-old infant has Klippel-Feil syndrome. She has multilevel issues throughout her spine and would like you to review the submitted information and let us know your thoughts. We believe she also has a hemivertebra that is fully segmented at the right C5.  Read Full »


Dr. Anuj Gupta

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your concern. I reviewed the image and reports you uploaded (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity). The most concerning here is a deformity in the spine. There is a defect in the formation of multiple vertebrae, which is responsible for ...  Read Full »

How to treat nystagmus?

Query: Hi doctor,I am 21 years old. I have a problem of nystagmus from birth. Due to this, I have a problem to see far objects. Please give me some suggestions regarding the treatment of nystagmus. I have attached the prescriptions of my doctor.  Read Full »


Dr. Bandivadekar Pooja Mohan

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. According to your papers (attachment removed to protect patient identity), your vision is well maintained and you have a small refractive error. Nystagmus can be of various types based on its intensity and frequency. The management is decided by the intensity of ny...  Read Full »

My sister's daughter has congenital astigmatism, but she does not want her daughter to wear glasses. Please suggest an alternative treatment.

Query: Hello doctor, My sister's daughter has congenital astigmatism of 4.75 diopters. She is just two years old, but my sister does not want her to wear glasses. Please suggest some treatment.  Read Full »


Dr. Gargi Madhukar Apte

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I am sorry, but glasses are the only treatment option for congenital astigmatism. If the child does not wear glasses, he might suffer amblyopia. I suggest you tell your sister that she let her daughter wear glasses.  Read Full »

Why am I suffering from headshake, whole-body vibration, and weakness?

Query: Hi doctor, I am suffering from a head shake. I feel exhausted most of the time, and my legs even start to feel weak. My whole body feels vibrating from inside, and I can also feel my hands are getting weak. I have never consulted a doctor before. I am not on any medication. My height is about 1.36 m...  Read Full »


Dr. Prathap

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Shaking head means titubation, which is a feature of cerebellar dysfunction. You should get checked for other cerebellar features like ataxia, dysmetria, nystagmus, etc. In some people, it may be congenital. As you have recent onset of symptoms, it may be acquired. Get...  Read Full »

Why does My fetus have a single umbilical artery in the ultrasound report?

Query: Hi doctor, A single umbilical artery is observed in 22nd week L2 pregnancy ultrasound. All other parameters are fine in relation to the growth of the fetus. I want to know how to deal with this. Can we go for amniocentesis or chromosome study? I also have a low-lying placenta with 15 cm distance fr...  Read Full »


Dr. Deepti Verma

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your question and understand the concerns. A single umbilical artery can be associated with chromosomal anomalies, structural anomalies, or can be unassociated with any other anomaly. Since the previous child also had anterior abdominal wall defect, so...  Read Full »

Why should my pregnant wife get a quadruple test?

Query: Hi doctor, My wife is pregnant. Her doctor has suggested us to get a Quadruple marker or triple marker study test. Why does he suggest this test? What is the use of that test?  Read Full »


Dr. Purushottam Sah

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It is done to screen for the possibility of certain birth defects in the baby like Down's syndrome, abnormalities of the brain and spinal cord. The quadruple test or triple marker test should be performed during the 15th and 20th week of pregnancy. For further information...  Read Full »

Why am I having pain while insertion?

Query: Hello doctor, I am having a problem in my sex life. I am unable to have intercourse with my partner. I feel it is painful on insertion. I have attached the photo for clarification. Although I am having sex for past three months, I am unable to complete the session. After a few minutes of sex, it is...  Read Full »


Dr. Ashok Kumar Choudhary

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your query and viewed the attached picture (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Although it is common for many women to take the full length of the penis in their vagina, from the available picture it seems you are having less than optimum space. The p...  Read Full »

I have dizziness for a year. Can I get cured by taking medicines?

Query: Hi doctor, Please have a look on my reports. I have dizziness for the past 1 year. Kindly answer my questions below. I do not know how it could happen for me. Can this get cured with medicine? If not, do I need to get any surgery? Will it be a minor or major surgery? Is there any other way of treat...  Read Full »


Dr. Rajyaguru

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It is a congenital developmental problem and the exact reason why it happens is not postulated. The pathophysiology is that the segment of an embryo which forms the area of craniovertebral junction has some genetic defects. It cannot be cured with medicines. Yes, surger...  Read Full »

Will diathermy and Iodine scrub cause damage to the baby in first trimester?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 15 weeks pregnant and I am a surgeon. I have two questions. I use Iodine hand scrub occasionally and please say whether it can cause any harm to my baby. Please mention whether it can harm the child when it is used regularly or when it is used once. I always use Chlorhexidine scrub ...  Read Full »


Dr. Poornima. K

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Using Iodine hand scrub occasionally will not cause harm. Monopolar and bipolar diathermy will not cause any harm unless extensive usage is done. In this COVID-19 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) era, we must minimize the use of dithering as much as pos...  Read Full »

I have a downward curve on the penis with difficulty in doing sex. What is the treatment?

Query: Hi doctor, I have a downward curve on my penis. It seems that when I am erect the raphe on the underside is keeping it from being straight. It is not painful, but it does affect my sex life. I am unable to have sex in certain sexual positions such as missionary because of the tension on the undersid...  Read Full »


Dr. Shahil Khant

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Please relax and do not worry. It would be better if you can send me the images of your penis. I think you are talking about tight frenulum. There is no conservative or medical management. I suggest that you may require frenuloplasty. It is a minor surgery and so, no...  Read Full »

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