Congenital Abnormalities

Congenital abnormalities, otherwise called birth defects, are physical, intellectual, or developmental disabilities present at birth. It can result from genetic or chromosomal disorders, infections during pregnancy, exposure to chemicals, smoking, and some conditions affecting the mother (uncontrolled diabetes, obesity), or advanced maternal age.

Recently Answered Questions Recently Answered Questions

All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

What is the meaning of ballerina foot?

Query: Hi doctor, I have been told that I have ballerina foot. Is this dangerous? Does it mean I have a heart disease? Or is it a common finding?  Read Full »


Dr. Vivek Pillai

Cardiologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It means that you have a condition known as mitral valve prolapse. Mitral valve prolapse predisposes to mitral regurgitation that is valvular leak. So, you have to be monitored annually to see the degree of valve leak. For further information consult a cardiologist onlin...  Read Full »

How to manage buried penis?

Query: Hello doctor, My husband was born with a wholly buried penis, and it was never corrected. He is now 86 years old. He is also obese. I currently assist him with showers. Until now, we have been able to get his penis out by manipulating, but it has become increasingly difficult and traumatic. The las...  Read Full »


Dr. Samer S J Altawil

Urologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your husband is 86 years old male and he is not fit to go for general or spinal anesthesia but he can undergo local anesthesia. In my opinion there are two options, First apply Hydrocortisone cream on penis for six weeks twice daily and try to retract foreskin back ...  Read Full »

Can you straighten a curved penis?

Query: Hi doctor,I have curved penis, which bends towards left side. The bend is on higher end than what it should be of normal one. I feel difficulty with intercourse. However, there is no pain during ejaculation. I did not have any injury. I have attached the picture for your reference.  Read Full »


Dr. Vivekanandan G

Andrologist, Urologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. You have got significant curvature of the penis to the left side. This could be congenital or due to Peyronie's disease (scar tissue leading to bent penis). If it is causing difficulty in intercourse, then it needs to be surgically corrected either with Nesbit procedure o...  Read Full »

What is your opinion on the medicines prescribed to me?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 40 years old. I am having one 17 years old boy. After my first baby, I had three miscarriages and I did not get pregnant after. Unexpectedly, I got pregnant a few months ago and now I am in week 14. I had all the necessary tests, which came out normal except the anti-TPO. It is high ...  Read Full »


Dr. Jyoti Gupta

Infertility Specialist, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The medications prescribed by your doctor are all in good faith. As you are a patient of psoriatic arthritis and also had previous miscarriages, all these medications are necessary to give safety to you and your child. The medications in pregnancy are given ...  Read Full »

How to treat coloboma in a newborn?

Query: Hello doctor, My son is nearly 2 weeks old. We took him to the hospital last week and he has been diagnosed with coloboma in both eyes he has not been seen by an ophthalmologist as of yet we are still awaiting the appointment me and my partner are so worried. He hardly opens his eyes. Please advise...  Read Full »


Dr. Arnab Pal

Eye Care Ophthalmologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. It pains me to see your child having a supposedly congenital defect of eyes. However, the picture needs to be more front on to have a clear idea regarding the site of coloboma. Coloboma is essentially defects in different parts of the eyes. There may be a defect ...  Read Full »

What is the possibility of an abnormal baby if grandkids of sisters marry?

Query: Hi doctor, I want to know if my two sister's grandson and granddaughter get married, will their baby become abnormal? Or will the marriage affect their kid in any other way? Please explain.  Read Full »


Dr. Sadaf Mustafa

General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. It would depend if the sisters were married to their cousins or if the parents of the grandkids were cousins. If yes, then the chances of abnormalities increase with each generation. If any of the two previous generations were not related, then the chances are very lo...  Read Full »

How does diabetes affect the baby during pregnancy?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a diabetic patient for two years and currently entered the third month of pregnancy. And till now, I did not consult any doctor. Is my baby safe? I am taking iron, calcium, and zinc tablets for six months. Please tell me about the precautions and healthy tips.  Read Full »


Dr. Sravanthi Nuthalapati

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. First of all, diabetes with pregnancy is a high risk pregnancy. The blood sugars should be checked before getting pregnant. In case a woman gets pregnant with high blood sugar levels, then there can be a risk of miscarriages, and certain congenital disabilities in t...  Read Full »

Can plagiocephaly be cured normally in a baby?

Query: Hello doctor, My baby is 2 years old and has plagiocephaly. Can it be cured normally?  Read Full »


Dr. Deepak Patel

Child Health Specialist, Paediatrician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Plagiocephaly or flat head syndrome is caused when baby is kept in supine position most of the time. This usually occurs when the baby is small and it gets corrected by changing position of head frequently. In your case, the age of child is 2 years so most of the sutur...  Read Full »

What are the precautions to be taken for bicornuate uterus pregnancy?

Query: Hello doctor, My wife is 30 years old and pregnant. This is our first child. We got married four years ago. She got pregnant soon after. But, since we were not ready, we opted for a termination of the pregnancy using a medicine. Now, my wife had undergone a pelvic ultrasound. She has been given thr...  Read Full »


Dr. R Balakrishnan Menon

Infertility Specialist, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. How are you doing? Uterus usually develops from two horns, which come together and fuse. Over few weeks, the wall in between the two horns gradually disappear, to form a uterus with a single cavity. In your wife's case, it can be bicornuate (when the two horns do ...  Read Full »

My baby is having cloacal disease. Could it be avoided before birth?

Query: Hello doctor, I have been blessed with a baby girl last year. However, she is suffering from cloacal disease and has only one opening. Doctor has operated her and did way to pass the stools. She is not having her anal opening. During pregnancy, it has been observed that she does not have one kidney...  Read Full »


Dr. Deepak Patel

Child Health Specialist, Paediatrician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have read your question in detail, and I know that you are very concerned about your child. The absent anal opening is due to a congenital anomaly. Usually, when one congenital anomaly is present, there are chances that other congenital anomalies like absent kidney...  Read Full »

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Disclaimer: All health Q&As published on this website is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.