Congenital Abnormalities

Congenital abnormalities, otherwise called birth defects, are physical, intellectual, or developmental disabilities present at birth. It can result from genetic or chromosomal disorders, infections during pregnancy, exposure to chemicals, smoking, and some conditions affecting the mother (uncontrolled diabetes, obesity), or advanced maternal age.

Recently Answered Questions Recently Answered Questions

All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

I have dizziness for a year. Can I get cured by taking medicines?

Query: Hi doctor, Please have a look on my reports. I have dizziness for the past 1 year. Kindly answer my questions below. I do not know how it could happen for me. Can this get cured with medicine? If not, do I need to get any surgery? Will it be a minor or major surgery? Is there any other way of treat...  Read Full »


Dr. Rajyaguru

Neuro Surgeon, Neurologist, Spine Surgeon

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It is a congenital developmental problem and the exact reason why it happens is not postulated. The pathophysiology is that the segment of an embryo which forms the area of craniovertebral junction has some genetic defects. It cannot be cured with medicines. Yes, surger...  Read Full »

Will diathermy and Iodine scrub cause damage to the baby in first trimester?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 15 weeks pregnant and I am a surgeon. I have two questions. I use Iodine hand scrub occasionally and please say whether it can cause any harm to my baby. Please mention whether it can harm the child when it is used regularly or when it is used once. I always use Chlorhexidine scrub ...  Read Full »


Dr. Poornima Kinila

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist, Infertility Specialist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Using Iodine hand scrub occasionally will not cause harm. Monopolar and bipolar diathermy will not cause any harm unless extensive usage is done. In this COVID-19 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) era, we must minimize the use of dithering as much as pos...  Read Full »

I have a downward curve on the penis with difficulty in doing sex. What is the treatment?

Query: Hi doctor, I have a downward curve on my penis. It seems that when I am erect the raphe on the underside is keeping it from being straight. It is not painful, but it does affect my sex life. I am unable to have sex in certain sexual positions such as missionary because of the tension on the undersid...  Read Full »


Dr. Shahil Khant

Andrologist, General Surgeon, Urologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Please relax and do not worry. It would be better if you can send me the images of your penis. I think you are talking about tight frenulum. There is no conservative or medical management. I suggest that you may require frenuloplasty. It is a minor surgery and so, no...  Read Full »

How to treat nystagmus?

Query: Hi doctor,I am 21 years old. I have a problem of nystagmus from birth. Due to this, I have a problem to see far objects. Please give me some suggestions regarding the treatment of nystagmus. I have attached the prescriptions of my doctor.  Read Full »


Dr. Pooja Bandivadekar

Eye Care Ophthalmologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. According to your papers (attachment removed to protect patient identity), your vision is well maintained and you have a small refractive error. Nystagmus can be of various types based on its intensity and frequency. The management is decided by the intensity of nystagmus...  Read Full »

Is it safe to get the MMR vaccine during pregnancy?

Query: Hi doctor, I am in an unplanned pregnancy of 6 weeks. Two to three weeks after conceiving, I unknowingly drank wine when I was highly stressed. I had a fluoride treatment at the dentist and received an MMR booster vaccine. My doctor is concerned about the potential risks. Online sources seem fine or...  Read Full »


Dr. Sanjay Kumar Bhattacharyya

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The MMR vaccine is a real threat in a pregnant state (mumps, measles and rubella). Yes, nobody could say you either continue or terminate the pregnancy. Just go through the details. If you wish to adopt the potential risk, then you can continue. For further information...  Read Full »

What is the meaning of ballerina foot?

Query: Hi doctor, I have been told that I have ballerina foot. Is this dangerous? Does it mean I have a heart disease? Or is it a common finding?  Read Full »


Dr. Vivek Pillai

Cardiologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It means that you have a condition known as mitral valve prolapse. Mitral valve prolapse predisposes to mitral regurgitation that is valvular leak. So, you have to be monitored annually to see the degree of valve leak. For further information consult a cardiologist onlin...  Read Full »

How to manage buried penis?

Query: Hello doctor, My husband was born with a wholly buried penis, and it was never corrected. He is now 86 years old. He is also obese. I currently assist him with showers. Until now, we have been able to get his penis out by manipulating, but it has become increasingly difficult and traumatic. The las...  Read Full »


Dr. Samer S J Altawil

Urologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your husband is 86 years old male and he is not fit to go for general or spinal anesthesia but he can undergo local anesthesia. In my opinion there are two options, First apply Hydrocortisone cream on penis for six weeks twice daily and try to retract foreskin back ...  Read Full »

Can you straighten a curved penis?

Query: Hi doctor,I have curved penis, which bends towards left side. The bend is on higher end than what it should be of normal one. I feel difficulty with intercourse. However, there is no pain during ejaculation. I did not have any injury. I have attached the picture for your reference.  Read Full »


Dr. Vivekanandan G

Andrologist, Urologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. You have got significant curvature of the penis to the left side. This could be congenital or due to Peyronie's disease (scar tissue leading to bent penis). If it is causing difficulty in intercourse, then it needs to be surgically corrected either with Nesbit procedure o...  Read Full »

What is your opinion on the medicines prescribed to me?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 40 years old. I am having one 17 years old boy. After my first baby, I had three miscarriages and I did not get pregnant after. Unexpectedly, I got pregnant a few months ago and now I am in week 14. I had all the necessary tests, which came out normal except the anti-TPO. It is high ...  Read Full »


Dr. Jyoti Gupta

Infertility Specialist, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The medications prescribed by your doctor are all in good faith. As you are a patient of psoriatic arthritis and also had previous miscarriages, all these medications are necessary to give safety to you and your child. The medications in pregnancy are given ...  Read Full »

How to treat coloboma in a newborn?

Query: Hello doctor, My son is nearly 2 weeks old. We took him to the hospital last week and he has been diagnosed with coloboma in both eyes he has not been seen by an ophthalmologist as of yet we are still awaiting the appointment me and my partner are so worried. He hardly opens his eyes. Please advise...  Read Full »


Dr. Arnab Pal

Eye Care Ophthalmologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. It pains me to see your child having a supposedly congenital defect of eyes. However, the picture needs to be more front on to have a clear idea regarding the site of coloboma. Coloboma is essentially defects in different parts of the eyes. There may be a defect ...  Read Full »

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Disclaimer: All health Q&As published on this website are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.