Congenital Abnormalities

Congenital abnormalities, otherwise called birth defects, are physical, intellectual, or developmental disabilities present at birth. It can result from genetic or chromosomal disorders, infections during pregnancy, exposure to chemicals, smoking, and some conditions affecting the mother (uncontrolled diabetes, obesity), or advanced maternal age.

Recently Answered Questions Recently Answered Questions

All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

Why does My fetus have a single umbilical artery in the ultrasound report?

Query: Hi doctor, A single umbilical artery is observed in 22nd week L2 pregnancy ultrasound. All other parameters are fine in relation to the growth of the fetus. I want to know how to deal with this. Can we go for amniocentesis or chromosome study? I also have a low-lying placenta with 15 cm distance fr...  Read Full »


Dr. Deepti Verma

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your question and understand the concerns. A single umbilical artery can be associated with chromosomal anomalies, structural anomalies, or can be unassociated with any other anomaly. Since the previous child also had anterior abdominal wall defect, so...  Read Full »

Why should my pregnant wife get a quadruple test?

Query: Hi doctor, My wife is pregnant. Her doctor has suggested us to get a Quadruple marker or triple marker study test. Why does he suggest this test? What is the use of that test?  Read Full »


Dr. Purushottam Sah

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It is done to screen for the possibility of certain birth defects in the baby like Down's syndrome, abnormalities of the brain and spinal cord. The quadruple test or triple marker test should be performed during the 15th and 20th week of pregnancy. For further information...  Read Full »

Why am I having pain while insertion?

Query: Hello doctor, I am having a problem in my sex life. I am unable to have intercourse with my partner. I feel it is painful on insertion. I have attached the photo for clarification. Although I am having sex for past three months, I am unable to complete the session. After a few minutes of sex, it is...  Read Full »


Dr. Ashok Kumar Choudhary

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your query and viewed the attached picture (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Although it is common for many women to take the full length of the penis in their vagina, from the available picture it seems you are having less than optimum space. The p...  Read Full »

I have dizziness for a year. Can I get cured by taking medicines?

Query: Hi doctor, Please have a look on my reports. I have dizziness for the past 1 year. Kindly answer my questions below. I do not know how it could happen for me. Can this get cured with medicine? If not, do I need to get any surgery? Will it be a minor or major surgery? Is there any other way of treat...  Read Full »


Dr. Rajyaguru

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It is a congenital developmental problem and the exact reason why it happens is not postulated. The pathophysiology is that the segment of an embryo which forms the area of craniovertebral junction has some genetic defects. It cannot be cured with medicines. Yes, surger...  Read Full »

Will diathermy and Iodine scrub cause damage to the baby in first trimester?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 15 weeks pregnant and I am a surgeon. I have two questions. I use Iodine hand scrub occasionally and please say whether it can cause any harm to my baby. Please mention whether it can harm the child when it is used regularly or when it is used once. I always use Chlorhexidine scrub ...  Read Full »


Dr. Poornima Kinila

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Using Iodine hand scrub occasionally will not cause harm. Monopolar and bipolar diathermy will not cause any harm unless extensive usage is done. In this COVID-19 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) era, we must minimize the use of dithering as much as pos...  Read Full »

I have a downward curve on the penis with difficulty in doing sex. What is the treatment?

Query: Hi doctor, I have a downward curve on my penis. It seems that when I am erect the raphe on the underside is keeping it from being straight. It is not painful, but it does affect my sex life. I am unable to have sex in certain sexual positions such as missionary because of the tension on the undersid...  Read Full »


Dr. Shahil Khant

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Please relax and do not worry. It would be better if you can send me the images of your penis. I think you are talking about tight frenulum. There is no conservative or medical management. I suggest that you may require frenuloplasty. It is a minor surgery and so, no...  Read Full »

How to treat nystagmus?

Query: Hi doctor,I am 21 years old. I have a problem of nystagmus from birth. Due to this, I have a problem to see far objects. Please give me some suggestions regarding the treatment of nystagmus. I have attached the prescriptions of my doctor.  Read Full »


Dr. Pooja Bandivadekar

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. According to your papers (attachment removed to protect patient identity), your vision is well maintained and you have a small refractive error. Nystagmus can be of various types based on its intensity and frequency. The management is decided by the intensity of nystagmus...  Read Full »

Is it safe to get the MMR vaccine during pregnancy?

Query: Hi doctor, I am in an unplanned pregnancy of 6 weeks. Two to three weeks after conceiving, I unknowingly drank wine when I was highly stressed. I had a fluoride treatment at the dentist and received an MMR booster vaccine. My doctor is concerned about the potential risks. Online sources seem fine or...  Read Full »


Dr. Sanjay Kumar Bhattacharyya

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The MMR vaccine is a real threat in a pregnant state (mumps, measles and rubella). Yes, nobody could say you either continue or terminate the pregnancy. Just go through the details. If you wish to adopt the potential risk, then you can continue. For further information...  Read Full »

What is the meaning of ballerina foot?

Query: Hi doctor, I have been told that I have ballerina foot. Is this dangerous? Does it mean I have a heart disease? Or is it a common finding?  Read Full »


Dr. Vivek Pillai

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It means that you have a condition known as mitral valve prolapse. Mitral valve prolapse predisposes to mitral regurgitation that is valvular leak. So, you have to be monitored annually to see the degree of valve leak. For further information consult a cardiologist onlin...  Read Full »

How to manage buried penis?

Query: Hello doctor, My husband was born with a wholly buried penis, and it was never corrected. He is now 86 years old. He is also obese. I currently assist him with showers. Until now, we have been able to get his penis out by manipulating, but it has become increasingly difficult and traumatic. The las...  Read Full »


Dr. Samer S J Altawil

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your husband is 86 years old male and he is not fit to go for general or spinal anesthesia but he can undergo local anesthesia. In my opinion there are two options, First apply Hydrocortisone cream on penis for six weeks twice daily and try to retract foreskin back ...  Read Full »

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