Congenital Abnormalities

Congenital abnormalities, otherwise called birth defects, are physical, intellectual, or developmental disabilities present at birth. It can result from genetic or chromosomal disorders, infections during pregnancy, exposure to chemicals, smoking, and some conditions affecting the mother (uncontrolled diabetes, obesity), or advanced maternal age.

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My baby is having cloacal disease. Could it be avoided before birth?

Query: Hello doctor,I have been blessed with a baby girl last year. However, she is suffering from cloacal disease and has only one opening. She is not having her anal opening. The doctor operated on her and did a way to pass the stools. During pregnancy, it has been observed that she does not have one kid...  Read Full »

Dr. Deepak Patel

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have read your question in detail, and I know that you are very concerned about your child. The absent anal opening is due to a congenital anomaly. Usually, when one congenital anomaly is present, there are chances that other congenital anomalies like absent kidney...  Read Full »

I have a downward curve on the penis with difficulty in doing sex. What is the treatment?

Query: Hi doctor, I have a downward curve on my penis. It seems that when I am erect the raphe on the underside is keeping it from being straight. It is not painful, but it does affect my sex life. I am unable to have sex in certain sexual positions such as missionary because of the tension on the undersid...  Read Full »

Dr. Khant Shahil Ramesh Bhai

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Please relax and do not worry. It would be better if you can send me the images of your penis. I think you are talking about tight frenulum. There is no conservative or medical management. I suggest that you may require frenuloplasty. It is a minor surgery and so, no...  Read Full »

My baby was diagnosed with ambiguous genitalia, and he also has a syndrome. Please help.

Query: Hello doctor,My baby was diagnosed with ambiguous genitalia; the doctor said he also has a syndrome. I want a second opinion regarding this. Is it a serious condition? What is your opinion?Please help.Thank you.  Read Full »

Dr. Uzma Arqam

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have read your query and understand your concern. You have described only brief details about your son. I need more details about him to answer your doubts. Can you please share a detailed history regarding your and your partner's history (and maybe some genetic ...  Read Full »

Is it safe to get the MMR vaccine during pregnancy?

Query: Hi doctor, I am in an unplanned pregnancy of 6 weeks. Two to three weeks after conceiving, I unknowingly drank wine when I was highly stressed. I had a fluoride treatment at the dentist and received an MMR booster vaccine. My doctor is concerned about the potential risks. Online sources seem fine or...  Read Full »

Dr. Sanjay Kumar Bhattacharyya

Answer: Hello, Welcome to The MMR vaccine is a real threat in a pregnant state (mumps, measles and rubella). Yes, nobody could say you either continue or terminate the pregnancy. Just go through the details. If you wish to adopt the potential risk, then you can continue. For f...  Read Full »

How does diabetes affect the baby during pregnancy?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a diabetic patient for two years and currently entered the third month of pregnancy. And till now, I did not consult any doctor. Is my baby safe? I am taking iron, calcium, and zinc tablets for six months. Please tell me about the precautions and healthy tips.  Read Full »

Dr. Sravanthi Nuthalapati

Answer: Hello,Welcome to of all, diabetes with pregnancy is a high risk pregnancy. The blood sugars should be checked before getting pregnant. In case a woman gets pregnant with high blood sugar levels, then there can be a risk of miscarriages, and certain congenital disabilities in the b...  Read Full »

What do the reports for my first-trimester screening for trisomies indicate?

Query: Hello doctor, Can you help me understand my first-trimester screening for trisomies? I am attaching the reports for you to review. Kindly suggest.  Read Full »

Dr. Richa Agarwal

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through her history and the reports attached (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity). I understand your concerns. The reports are absolutely normal and relative risk to congenital abnormalities are very low. So no need to worry about it, e...  Read Full »

I have only one kidney by birth. Can I live a normal life?

Query: Hi doctor, Recently, I came to know that I got unilateral renal agenesis. My left kidney is absent. Basically, I am a physique model and use to do bodybuilding. I use to take lots of supplements. Also, I was on anabolic cycle for a few months as well. Being with unilateral kidney, will these supplem...  Read Full »

Dr. Anshul Varshney

Answer: Hi, Welcome to We are here to help you. Congenital renal agenesis is not as such any disease. However, since you have a single functioning kidney, you should be cautious before taking high protein diet, medicines and painkillers.You should get a kidney function test and a urine for micr...  Read Full »

A 37-week-old fetal abdomen has multiple tiny calcific foci. Will it resolve on its own??

Query: Hi doctor,I want to know, will the "multiple tiny calcific foci" persist in 37 weeks old fetal abdomen resolve spontaneously? Fetal ascites found around 22 weeks resolved their own. Amniocentesis and karyotyping have been done. No abnormalities were found. All other features were found normal. A vir...  Read Full »

Dr. Uzma Arqam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. Calcific foci in the liver, heart, and multiple parts of the abdomen related to chromosomal abnormalities could show multiple congenital abnormalities. Fetal Ascites are normally associated with parvovirus and cause hydrops fetalis; in this ...  Read Full »

I overdosed on the tablet Trazodone when I was a little over three weeks pregnant. Will it cause birth defects in my baby?

Query: Hello doctor, I am 14 weeks pregnant. I have had irregular periods, and my LMP was around four months back. When I was 3 weeks 6 days pregnant (based on ultrasound), I had an overdose of about 1000 mg of tablet Trazodone. I came to know that I was pregnant only two days later. I understand that the...  Read Full »

Dr. Priyadarshini Tripathy

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. Congenital malformations may be caused by genetic factors, environmental teratogens, or both that occur during embryogenesis. However, common congenital malformations have a multifactorial inheritance. During the first two weeks of gestation,...  Read Full »

Is CT scan safe during pregnancy?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 29 year old female, and I was hospitalized for a week due to UTI. As a part of it, a CT scan was taken, which showed that I am completely cured. Then the next day, a blood test showed two weeks pregnancy. I am worried that the CT scan would have an adverse effect on the baby. Could...  Read Full »

Dr. Deepti Verma

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have gone through your question, and I understood your concerns. CT scan has strong radiations, and it is known to have adverse effects on the fetus. You should consult a gynecologist and decide further action. Hope you found the answer helpful. Do get back to more fur...  Read Full »

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