Fetal Anomalies

Fetal anomaly refers to unexpected conditions seen in a fetus during its development in the womb. Fetal anomalies are otherwise known as birth defects or congenital anomalies. The two types of fetal abnormalities are functional and structural anomalies. Structural anomalies affect the babies developing organs, such as the heart, lungs, and kidneys. In contrast, functional anomalies affect the functions of the organs or systems such as the brain, nervous system, or sensory perception. Examples are heart defects, cleft palate or lip, clubfoot, and down syndrome. Treatment varies widely based on the type of congenital condition.

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My wife is 13 weeks and six days pregnant. Is everything normal in her ultrasound report?

Query: Hi doctor, My wife is 13 weeks and six days pregnant. We have done an ultrasound test; the results are attached to this query. Is everything normal in this report? Please advise.   Read Full »

Dr. Uzma Arqam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thank you for your query. I have gone through your reports (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity). Please send me her detailed ultrasound report here. Basal bone is measured at a specific view of a very small fetus at an early age. Therefore, it could ...  Read Full »

A 37-week-old fetal abdomen has multiple tiny calcific foci. Will it resolve on its own??

Query: Hi doctor,I want to know, will the "multiple tiny calcific foci" persist in 37 weeks old fetal abdomen resolve spontaneously? Fetal ascites found around 22 weeks resolved their own. Amniocentesis and karyotyping have been done. No abnormalities were found. All other features were found normal. A vir...  Read Full »

Dr. Uzma Arqam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your concern. Calcific foci in the liver, heart, and multiple parts of the abdomen related to chromosomal abnormalities could show multiple congenital abnormalities. Fetal Ascites are normally associated with parvovirus and cause hydrops fetalis; in this ...  Read Full »

I have a low risk of NIPT. Will my baby's cisterna magna continue to grow?

Query: Hello doctor, At my 20-week scan, the cisterna magna measured 4 mm. I had another scan at 23 weeks to reassess a hypoplastic nasal bone, where cisterna magna measured 7.6 mm. I know the cutoff is 10 mm. At this rate, the CM length will exceed 10 mm in a few weeks. I have a low risk of NIPT. The bab...  Read Full »

Dr. Priyadarshini Tripathy

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your concern. I have reviewed your reports (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity). Hypoplastic nasal bone increases the risk of chromosomal anomaly. The presence or absence of chromosomal anomalies can be confirmed by amniocentesis. The...  Read Full »

Will alcohol consumption up to eight weeks of pregnancy cause damage to the fetus?

Query: Hi doctor,I just found out I am eight weeks and three days pregnant. I have been drinking lightly, but six to eight weeks and two days, I drank almost daily, ranging from one beer in a day to the heaviest days being multiple jello shots. I did not know I was pregnant. Is my baby okay? I am taking pr...  Read Full »

Dr. Reetika

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Congratulations on your pregnancy, and I wish you a happy and healthy pregnancy. I fully understand your concern and will surely help you. Now coming to the fact that you were consuming alcohol as you were not aware of the fact that you are pregnant. So do not worry...  Read Full »

Does increased AFP level in triple marker test confirm anomalies in the baby?

Query: Hi doctor, What should be the AFP level in the triple marker test? In the triple marker test, we had a high level of AFP 174 at 18 weeks. Should we be worried? The hCG is 73382, and estriol is 0.88. What to do next just got the report, and very tense. Kindly give your opinion.  Read Full »

Dr. Poonguzhali Liston

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The AFP is basically alpha-fetoprotein which is produced by your baby's body only. The triple test is done to look for or predict any anomalies or defects in the baby. It is a screening test. AFP is to predict the presence of neural tube defects (spine and brain). ...  Read Full »

Does a hypoplastic nasal bone suggest Down syndrome?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 29-year-old pregnant woman and went through an anomaly scan. An anomaly scan showed hypoplastic nasal bone in the baby that might lead to Down syndrome. However, in my third-month NT scan, the baby's nasal bone was seen. Also, in the double marker test, Down syndrome was at low r...  Read Full »

Dr. Poonguzhali Liston

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your concern. NT (nuchal translucency)scan and double marker are screening tests that only tell if the baby is at high or low risk for Down syndrome. It does not rule it out completely. Hypoplastic nasal bone (not well-developed nasal bone) is only one ...  Read Full »

Will Duphaston cause any harm to fetus?

Query: Hello doctor, I am 35 years old and married for five years. I had two confirmed pregnancies before 11 years, which were terminated safely via a pill (no D and C). We now want to have a baby. I have excess dark, thick hair on my legs, thighs, and back, but I have regular menses, 30 days cycle. My ...  Read Full »

Dr. Richa Agarwal

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Duphaston is safe for the fetus, but if everything is normal unnecessary medication should be avoided. Folvite tablet 5 mg is safe to be used when you plan your pregnancy for at least three months before. All the symptoms are right for you except for decreased libido....  Read Full »

What possible damage could absence of ductus venosus during 1st and 2nd trimester cause in fetus?

Query: Hello doctor, I have absence of ductus venosus during pregnancy during the first and second trimester. Please suggest.  Read Full »

Dr. Vivek Chail

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Absence of ductus venous during the first and second trimester scan is a vascular condition that might be of concern for fetal abnormalities. It can put the fetus at risk of other congenital anomalies including facial clefts, hemivertebrae, cardiac, genitourinary, and g...  Read Full »

Will the baby be safe if I stop smoking weed within five months of pregnancy?

Query: Hello doctor, I just found out I was pregnant a couple of weeks ago. I smoke weed. I am slowly trying to stop. I have about seven months left of my pregnancy. If I was to cut way back and stop completely at five months of my pregnancy would I and the baby be clean when I deliver?  Read Full »

Dr. Balakrishnan. R

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. We need to worry about what the baby is facing now and not about what will happen after you stop. All the components of smoke, the bad air (carbon dioxide), tar, the chemicals in the smoke, which may vary with what you are smoking are all powerful vasoconstrictors. I me...  Read Full »

Fetal scan shows the presence of only one kidney. How to lead life with single kidney?

Query: Hello doctor, I am 28 weeks pregnant. All my fetal scans taken so far shows, my baby has only one kidney, which is the left one, and it is working normally. I have attached the document. I doubt whether there is a left kidney somewhere down, not sure, but if it is there, it would be very small. But...  Read Full »

Dr. Tarek Algamal

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Many children with a single kidney will have a normal life without further complications. But still there is some risk of development of some problems later in life : 1. Development of high blood pressure. 2. Urinary tract infections. 3. Decreased kidney function...  Read Full »

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