Common "Fetal Anomalies" queries answered by top doctors | iCliniq

Fetal Anomalies

Fetal anomaly refers to unexpected conditions seen in a fetus during its development in the womb. Fetal anomalies are otherwise known as birth defects or congenital anomalies. The two types of fetal abnormalities are functional and structural anomalies. Structural anomalies affect the babies developing organs, such as the heart, lungs, and kidneys. In contrast, functional anomalies affect the functions of the organs or systems such as the brain, nervous system, or sensory perception. Examples are heart defects, cleft palate or lip, clubfoot, and down syndrome. Treatment varies widely based on the type of congenital condition.

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A 37-week-old fetal abdomen has multiple tiny calcific foci. Will it resolve on its own??

Query: Hi doctor,I want to know, will the "multiple tiny calcific foci" persist in 37 weeks old fetal abdomen resolve spontaneously? Fetal ascites found around 22 weeks resolved their own. Amniocentesis and karyotyping have been done. No abnormalities were found. All other features were found normal. A vir...  Read Full »

Dr. Uzma Arqam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. Calcific foci in the liver, heart, and multiple parts of the abdomen related to chromosomal abnormalities could show multiple congenital abnormalities. Fetal Ascites are normally associated with parvovirus and cause hydrops fetalis; in this ...  Read Full »

Why is the entire surface of the fetus fluid-filled?

Query: Hello doctor, Based on the result of the ultrasound, the entire surface of the fetus is fluid-filled from the head all the way to the body of the fetus. What does it mean?  Read Full »

Dr. Balakrishnan R

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Let me start by saying that this is not a good sign. I would have preferred to see the scan picture myself. What you are mentioning seems to be hydrops fetalis. Here water gets collected both inside and outside the body. Baby will have water collection in head, lungs,...  Read Full »

My baby's scan reveals an echogenic focus of the heart. Why?

Query: Hello doctor, In sonography of the baby's heart, there is an echogenic focus on the left ventricle of the heart. Please suggest.  Read Full »

Dr. Chitrangada Jitendra

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Intracardiac echogenic foci in the left ventricles are due to papillary muscle injury/insult and most often resolve spontaneously but they hint at the underlying chromosomal abnormality. I would highly recommend an early anomaly scan this week itself instead of 20 w...  Read Full »

My ultrasound scan revealed fetal brain anomalies. Why?

Query: Hi doctor, I have done four ultrasound scan of my 37 weeks baby showing the impression of the fetal left lateral cerebral ventricle is significantly dilated (approximately 27 mm) with the irregularity of the wall. Left choroid plexus is enlarged and filled with a hypoechoic central part. Corpus call...  Read Full »

Dr. Nene Devavrat Harihar

Answer: Hi, Welcome to All these suggest that there is a problem on the left side of the baby's brain. To ascertain the cause and extent of the problem, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) brain is definitely required. Based on the MRI, further investigations can be planned. At this point, it is ...  Read Full »

What possible damage could absence of ductus venosus during 1st and 2nd trimester cause in fetus?

Query: Hello doctor,I have an absence of ductus venosus during pregnancy during the first and second trimesters. Please suggest.Thanks.  Read Full »

Dr. Vivek Chail

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. The absence of ductus venous during the first and second-trimester scans is a vascular condition that cause fetal abnormalities. It can put the fetus at risk of other congenital anomalies, including facial clefts, hemivertebrae, cardiac, genit...  Read Full »

Fetal scan shows only one kidney. Please help.

Query: Hello doctor, I am 28 weeks pregnant. All my fetal scans taken so far shows, my baby has only one kidney, which is the left one, and it is working normally. I have attached the document. I doubt whether there is a left kidney somewhere down, not sure, but if it is there, it would be very small. But...  Read Full »

Dr. Tarek Algamal

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Many children with a single kidney will have a normal life without further complications. But still there is some risk of development of some problems later in life : 1. Development of high blood pressure. 2. Urinary tract infections. 3. Decreased kidney function...  Read Full »

Had Addyzoa during pregnancy. Could this do any harm during pregnancy?

Query: Hello doctor, I am 23 weeks pregnant and by mistake, I have taken a wrong medicine by the name of Addyzoa for five days. I am attaching its wrapper for the prescription. I am very very tensed. Please check. Please let me know if this could do any harm to me or baby.  Read Full »

Dr. Prerna Gupta

Answer: Hi, Welcome to As Addyzoa is an ayurvedic drug, a herbo-mineral formulation. There are no safety trials reported with it in pregnancy. However, the dose was taken at 23 weeks when organogenesis (formation of different organs) has already taken place, the chance of any birth defects du...  Read Full »

I am 22 weeks pregnant, scan shows delayed growth. Why?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 35 year old female. I am 22 weeks and two days pregnant and was told at my last scan that the baby is about 10 days behind in size. All the other readings were normal, and the growth of the brain was normal for the gestational age. We are not very tall people. My husband is 5 feet ...  Read Full »

Dr. Sanjay Kumar Bhattacharyya

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I can understand your concern. There is always some discrepancy while trying to assess the fetal age by ultrasonography (USG) and comparing it with your last menstruation period date. The discrepancies are: In a USG done in the first three months, there is a discrepan...  Read Full »

I was asked to go for a repeat scan after a normal anatomy scan. Why?

Query: Hello doctor, I went in for my anatomy scan at 18 weeks. The scan lasted about 30 minutes. All seemed to look great and the ultrasound tech seemed to be very positive. She commented some on the baby moving but never commented on it hard getting photos due to the movement. She took about 85 images to...  Read Full »

Dr. Neha Rathod

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through your query and images (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity) and understand your concern. Everything seems to be normal and there is nothing to worry about. Suboptimal evaluation means that they could not measure things accurately ...  Read Full »

My ultrasound report says mild pyelectasis 6 mm at 24 weeks pregnant. What does it mean?

Query: Hello doctor, The ultrasound scan report says mild pyelectasis 6mm at 24 weeks pregnant, would like to know what it means.   Read Full »

Dr. Sabita Laskar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I read your query and understand your concern. When the pelvis of the kidney is stretched or enlarged, but not enlarged enough for doctors to diagnose hydronephrosis, it is considered pyelectasis. Pyelectasis also is known as renal pelvic dilatation. (Dilatation means s...  Read Full »

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