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HbA1c level (glycated hemoglobin) goes up when your body is unable to control glucose accurately and when the insulin sensitivity is low. You have not mentioned the treatment taken for diabetes. I assume that you are prediabetic and I am giving the following instructions. You have to change your lifestyle and diet. Or else you will become prone to diabetic. Please follow these instructions to increase the sensitivity to insulin and to decrease your HbA1c.
Daily exercise improves your glycemic control and insulin resistance. You should do both strength training exercise and aerobic exercise. It helps you to reduce body fat and improves the skeletal muscle mass and strength. You should have a low GI (glycemic index) diet. You should focus on eating foods with a GI less than 55 and take fiber-rich foods such as apples, grapefruit, legumes, onions and garlic, dense, grainy bread and wholegrain cereals such as whole oats. Try to reduce taking sugary foods, processed foods, and concentrated carbohydrates.
Take a fiber-rich diet. Consume soluble fiber at least 40 grams per day. Take good sources of soluble fibers such as vegetables, oats, whole grain rice and legumes. Dietary fibers are also beneficial. Reduce taking saturated fat and increase the consumption of omega 3 rich foods and monounsaturated foods. Eat antioxidant-rich foods containing vitamin B, vitamin C, and vitamin E.
Eat foods that contain low GI, bioflavonoid and anthocyanin-rich foods such as blueberry, raspberry, strawberry, blackberry, citrus fruits, and onion. Take cinnamon regularly in the diet. It helps to lower the postprandial glucose. Take 50 to 100 ml bitter melon juice containing 100-gram fruit in 100 ml. It reduces the fasting and postprandial glucose levels. Reduce taking tea and coffee. Instead, drink plenty of water. Tea and coffee inhibit the absorption of essential nutrients especially when consumed close to the meals.
Take Chromium 200 microgram per day. It helps us to have glucose control. Take Magnesium 400 mg per day. Magnesium deficiency aggravates insulin resistance. Taking a good quantity of vitamins, minerals and antioxidant supplement provide essential micronutrients. Take omega 3 fish oil 1000 mg three times a day. Take vitamin E 500 IU daily. Take Alpha-lipoic acid 600 micrograms in divided doses.