Hiv Counseling

HIV counseling is an important part of HIV treatment. It provides support to people affected directly and indirectly by this infection. Counseling should also be aimed to educate the patient about ways to prevent HIV transmission, as this can be prevented with behavior change.

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Do I need to test for STD as a CSW rubbed my penis without protection?

Query: Hi doctor, I had a break up with my girlfriend, and due to the loss, I ended up sleeping with a sex worker. But I had used protection, and the condom was intact after my ejaculation. I even checked for any leaks but found none, and after which she gently rubbed my penis for about 15 seconds, and I ...  Read Full »

Dr. Ashok Kumar

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I read your query and understand your concerns about contracting STDs (sexually transmitted disease). As stated above, you were careful enough to use a condom, and fortunately, there was no breach or spillage of fluids, which almost makes a negligible chance for transmi...  Read Full »

HIV test is negative at 12 weeks. Should I repeat the test at six months?

Query: Hi doctor, I had unprotected sex with a sex worker and after exactly 12 weeks of exposure, I did an HIV 1 and 2 antibodies and HIV 1 and 2 P24 combo test. It came negative. But, some guidelines advise repeating the test after six months. Should I consider my test conclusive or test again after six m...  Read Full »

Dr. Basti Bharatesh Devendra

Answer: Hello, Welcome to HIV antibodies are formed two to six weeks post exposure. Three months is the latest time given. If the antibodies tests are negative after three months of exposure, then it is conclusive that you are free from HIV, provided there is no further risky exposure. You ne...  Read Full »

Why are my symptoms like flu and sore throat persisting despite getting negative fourth-generation tests multiple times after HIV exposure?

Query: Hello doctor,I was exposed to HIV some 15 weeks ago and I have gone for a fourth generation test at two weeks, four weeks, seven weeks, nine weeks, 11 weeks, and 14 weeks and a rapid test at 15 weeks and all came back negative. But I have some symptoms that are not going away like flu, sore throat, ...  Read Full »

Dr. Sidharth Sonthalia

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I suggest you calm down and do not panic. And while there are certain gaps in the information provided by you, allow me to first make and establish certain axiomatic deductions about your situation: 1) Presuming that your exposure to HIV (human immune virus) was non...  Read Full »

Can I contract HIV from the use of a blackhead remover?

Query: Hello doctor, I had brought a blackhead remover which includes a stainless steel needle with a blunt tip and a loop online. I used it carelessly without cleaning it yesterday. Now, I am scared to death of contracting HIV from it. Please help me.  Read Full »

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Answer: Hello, Welcome to HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) cannot survive for long outside the human body. It is unlikely that using a comedone extractor without cleaning could spread HIV. Kindly mention if there was any bleeding when you attempted to remove the blackheads. For more inform...  Read Full »

Will I get infected if HIV is present in the drinking water?

Query: Hello doctor, Please provide information about my query. I am a cable operator. Once I visited a foreign lady's house. While doing the work, the lady provided me a water bottle. I drank the water and after 10 minutes I had small sores. I think the lady has poured her blood in the water. I think she...  Read Full »

Dr. Kiran Anaparthi

Answer: Hello, Welcome to HIV cannot be transmitted through water, and it is not infectious because HIV cannot live in water. Drinking water containing the virus cannot cause HIV infection. If it is possible, then no one can stop HIV infection and all the population will be infected. So, ther...  Read Full »

I had unprotected oral sex. Am I in a danger of HIV?

Query: Hello doctor, How risky is unprotected oral sex? I received an oral sex from a commercial sex worker for about 10 seconds. I do not have any cut or sore on my penis and I do not know about the HIV status of that girl? Am I in a danger of receiving HIV? I feel slight muscle pain in my forearms. Are t...  Read Full »

Dr. Jyotisterna Mittal

Answer: Hello, Welcome to You are not at risk of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) from receiving oral sex. Again, muscle pain may be due to some other causes, not a sign of STD (sexually transmitted disease).   Read Full »

I had a tiny cut on the shaft three hours before the act. Is HIV transmission possible?

Query: Hello doctor, I had protected sex with a sex worker. First, she started off with a protected blowjob followed by protected sex which lasted no more than 30 seconds. My concern is that three to four hours prior to sex, I shaved my penis and got a tiny cut on the shaft. Although during the entire acti...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushil Kakkar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have noted your concern. Protected sex is safe as far as risk of HIV is concerned. However, there is still a risk of genital herpes, HPV infection or warts as a condom does not cover the entire penis and there is some uncovered skin at the base of the penis for a ...  Read Full »

The girl used her spit for lubrication. Can I be HIV positive?

Query: Hello doctor,My question is regarding possible HIV exposure six weeks ago. The condom protected vaginal and oral although she did masturbate me without a condom and used spit for lubrication. I took the fourth generation ELISA at four weeks and five weeks and both were negative. I was on a testoster...  Read Full »

Dr. Jeremy David O' Kennedy

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I am pleased to help you with your concern. The risk of transmission of the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) in the scenario you have described is extremely low, even if your sexual partner was an infected carrier. There is very little evidence to support a high t...  Read Full »

HIV 1 and 2 are nonreactive 28 days after exposure. Should I repeat it later?

Query: Hello doctor, HIV 1 and 2 are nonreactive in the tri-dot test done after 28 days of exposure. Should I repeat the test for confirmation?  Read Full »

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Tri-dot is a third-generation test for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). HIV infection has a window period of one to three months, during which these test results may be false negative. According to WHO (world health organization), all the test results are conside...  Read Full »

There was blood on my finger after a scuffle. Is this a risk for HIV?

Query: Hello doctor, I got in a scuffle. Near my fingernails, I saw blood. I am not sure if it was mine or the offenders. I have no deep wound. Just small marks from biting nails or from handcuffs. I am worried if the offender was infected with HIV and it was his blood. Any advice?  Read Full »

Dr. Sushil Kakkar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have noted your concern. HIV is only transmitted through a fresh, deep, and actively bleeding wound. A scratch or a paper cut would not provide direct access for the virus into the bloodstream. Regards.   Read Full »

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