Hiv Counseling

HIV counseling is an important part of HIV treatment. It provides support to people affected directly and indirectly by this infection. Counseling should also be aimed to educate the patient about ways to prevent HIV transmission, as this can be prevented with behavior change.

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Does regular alcohol intake affect the HIV antibody test results in any way?

Query: Hello doctor,Does regular intake of alcohol, say 150 mL daily, affect the HIV antibody tests. If so, can I go for an RNA PCR test in such cases?  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hello, Welcome to It is unlikely for the test result to be affected by alcohol intake. You can undergo the test as advised by your doctor. Please revert for any further queries.  Read Full »

What are the chances of getting HIV even after taking post-exposure prophylaxis?

Query: Hello doctor, I have done some stupid things in my life. I had safe sex, but with many different girls. There was never a condom fail and each time I used a new condom. When I did it with the fourth girl, I noticed that the condom tip was broken. After that, I took PEP. On the 26th day post exposure...  Read Full »

Dr. Ashok Kumar Choudhary

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I read your query and understand your concerns. In my opinion, the chances of you getting an HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection is 0.001 % or less. I am glad to note that you have used a condom every single time and took all possible precautions. In fact, you...  Read Full »

Is testing for HIV after 77 days with a rapid test card conclusive?

Query: Hello doctor,I had a protected intercourse with a girl twice in a single day. After that, the girl and I tested HIV negative using the fourth generation CMIA at 66 days. I again tested at 77 days using the rapid card method and that was negative as well. Is it conclusive? Also, can deep lip kissing ...  Read Full »

Dr. Richa Agarwal

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have read your query and understand your concern. Yes, the test is conclusive. Deep lip kissing transmits HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) through the saliva. Feel free to ask more information. Good luck. Regards. For further queries consult an obstetrician and g...  Read Full »

I have redness and swelling underneath my bottom lip after oral sex. Why?

Query: Hello doctor,I am a 22-year-old female. I generally have good health, but I was diagnosed with herpes simplex when I was 17. I never had any cold sores on my face, but recently I have seen not a rash but redness and swelling underneath my bottom lip. I do not have a primary doctor, and I cannot get ...  Read Full »

Dr. Zubayeralam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. I can understand your concern. According to your statement, you have been suffering from a swollen and reddish lower lip. You had a history of herpes simplex infection when you were 17 years old. According to the pictures (attachment removed to...  Read Full »

I had oral sex with a man and started PEP within 56 hours after exposure. Can I be HIV positive?

Query: Hi doctor, I had oral sex with another man a month back. The partner never finished in my mouth. I started to feel symptoms of a sore throat the next day and developed a night sweat that night. I also had swollen lymph nodes. I started PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) within 56 hours of exposure. I n...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hi,Welcome to you for the query.The chances of transmission of HIV by single unprotected oral sex is almost nil unless there are bleeding wounds in your oral cavity. The risk is low to nil. When PEP has been initiated within 56 hours of exposure, the risk is even further reduced. I...  Read Full »

I had unprotected sex, and my fourth-generation combo test came back negative. How accurate is it?

Query: Hello doctor, I had a possible HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) exposure risk about a month and a half ago. Although the individual said they recently tested negative three weeks before and were on PREP (pre-exposure prophylaxis). I did not know them that well. I am circumcised and was the inserti...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. It is good that it is negative after one month of PEP. The chances of HIV tests coming positive later are very low. But it is better to go for an HIV (human immunodeficiency disease) antibodies test after three months of exposure. No need f...  Read Full »

Is my dry eye syndrome due to HIV or hepatitis, which I acquired from a dirty needle stick injury?

Query: Hello doctor, I had a dirty needle stick in my job a year back, and my last test for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and Hepatitis was 346 days after exposure. Both tests came back negative, and recently about a month ago, I developed dry eye syndrome. I consulted a doctor for this condition, an...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. The 4th generation HIV tests are accurate. If they are negative, as mentioned, it is conclusive. There is no need for further HIV tests provided there is no further risk exposure. Relax. These symptoms are non-specific and are not related to HI...  Read Full »

Can anyone get infected with HIV by getting a handjob?

Query: Hi doctor, Can anyone get infected with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) by getting a handjob? The person's health status is unknown. What is the earliest test someone can have to know the status?   Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. The chances of HIV transmission by handjob is nil. The test can be HIV 1 and 2 RNA PCR (Real-Time Polymerase chain reaction) after 12 to 14 days exposure.  Read Full »

Why do I have sore throat, tiredness, heavy mucus, sore, and headache after a sexual contact?

Query: Hi doctor, I messed up with this man, and he said he was clean. We messed around five days ago, and we kissed each other. He sucked my vagina, fingered me, and dry humped me. That was all we did. He never penetrated me, and he never ejaculated. But today, I woke up with a sore throat, tiredness, he...  Read Full »

Dr. Ashok Kumar Choudhary

Answer: Hi, Welcome back to Thanks for using icliniq. I read your query and understand your concerns. As per the available description, I can assure you that this cannot be HIV as the rapid development of symptoms is very uncommon in HIV infection. It takes at least two weeks to develop some sy...  Read Full »

My test for HIV-1 came reactive. What can be done?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 32 year old woman, and I have warts on my genitals and around the area, which led me to a dermatologist. The doctor diagnosed them as STD and advised me to get HIV tested, as part of the diagnosis. The blood sample resulted in a reactive result. I approached another lab and got...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have seen your reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can be acquired through sexual contact (anal or vaginal or oral), blood transfusion, exchange of contaminated syringes or needles or there can be a vertical trans...  Read Full »

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