The manmade version of hormones (chemicals that are naturally made by the body) are called steroids or corticosteroids. These steroids work like hormones in reducing inflammation. Steroids are usually prescribed for rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, gout, uveitis, psoriatic arthritis, and other autoimmune conditions.

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What is the treatment for focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in a 12-year-old?

Query: Hello doctor, My 12 year old son is suffering from nephrotic syndrome since the last seven years. Two years ago, when his biopsy was done, the result said FSGS. His creatinine levels at that time was 4. Now it is raised to 10.1. He is currently taking Calcium, Folic acid, Pantoprazole, Sodium bicar...  Read Full »

Dr. Geetha Priyadarsini Kamminana

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Please furnish the following medical information, so that I will be able to give you further advice. What is the cause of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)?Has dialysis been done? What is his urine output?What does his antinuclear antibody (ANA) profile say?Ha...  Read Full »

Why is the skin around my eyes itching?

Query: Hi doctor, I appeared to have an allergic reaction to something, nearly two weeks ago. I was given antihistamines and a seven-day course of steroids (Prednisolone 40 mg). The allergy seems to subside, but it keeps coming back. I cannot be sure about the cause of this allergy. The surrounding skin ar...  Read Full »

Dr. Sampada Avinash Thakare

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have seen the attached photo (attachment removed to protect patient identity). This is called as acute urticaria with angioedema. It is basically an allergic reaction, which can be due to change in diet or new medications or idiopathic (sometimes the cause cannot be ...  Read Full »

Can individuals suffering from stills disease for 15 years take steroids for bodybuilding?

Query: Hello doctor, I am suffering from Still’s disease from the past 15 years, and I was 13 years old at that time. Now I am 28 years old, and I have no problems from the disease since the past seven years. The treatment was with Methotrexate and Medrol (Methylprednisolone). From the past seven years,...  Read Full »

Dr. Anshul Varshney

Answer: Hi,Welcome to you take anabolic steroids, your Still's disease will not come back. The only concern while using steroids in your case would be that if you use them, and later stop in life, your Still's disease may relapse.You may develop adult-onset Still's disease. So my best opini...  Read Full »

Will continuous intake of Budesonide cause a bitter taste with a swollen face?

Query: Hi doctor, My mother was diagnosed with autoimmune hepatitis last year, and her treatment is going very well. Currently, she is taking Budesonide 6 mg and Azoran 75 mg. She also takes Insulin, Actrapid Flexpen, and Basalog One to control her blood sugar fluctuations, as she has diabetes also. I h...  Read Full »

Dr. Anshul Varshney

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have seen all the test reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Yes, swelling of the face is a prominent side effect of long term use of steroid therapy. This she has to face if the use of steroids is indispensable. However, if in any case, it can be...  Read Full »

Is it fine to abruptly stop HRT when desired breast growth has occurred in a transgender woman?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a transgender woman. I want to stop taking my HRT cause I feel that I have had the breast growth I wanted, and the changes coming lately (loss of erections, gaining weight, emotionality) have been very unpleasant for me. So the question is, how do I stop them? Do I stop it abruptly ...  Read Full »

Dr. Poonguzhali Liston

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand your concern. Hormones taken during HRT (hormone replacement therapy) are steroids, and it is never a good idea to suddenly stop steroids as it will cause adverse side effects. Hence my advice would be to slowly lower the HRT dose and get it to a level w...  Read Full »

Does my mother's CT scan show anything about her back pain?

Query: Hi doctor, My mother has been having back pain in the area of ribs for the past three months. She had a CT chest, which showed lytic lesions in D9, D10, and L1. She also had a PET-CT. Her ESR, CBP, RFT and LFTs are normal.  Read Full »

Dr. Nagaraj Patil

Answer: Hi, Welcome to The history of a chronic backache for three months with CAT scan showing lytic lesions and histology (attachment removed to protect patient identity) suggestive of granulomatous inflammatory changes suggest mostly tuberculosis of the spine. The patient has to take antitub...  Read Full »

Can sinus problems cause cough with bloody sputum?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 21 year old female, who weighs 80 kg and I am 6.1 feet tall. I have a sinus problem and coughing up blood. The blood is bright red in color, and the sputum is white. I got treatment for sinus yesterday, and they gave me Betnesol and Levbrox. I also have pain in my colon. I am taki...  Read Full »

Dr. Parth R Goswami

Answer: Hi, Welcome to According to the history that you have given, it looks like you have bronchitis and upper respiratory tract infection, which causes blood in the sputum. You have been prescribed steroid, which will be beneficial as a decongestant and give inflammation relief. Continue...  Read Full »

Are steroids indicated after dental extraction?

Query: Hi doctor,I had my wisdom tooth extracted yesterday. The doctor prescribed Prednisolone 40 mg BD, Clindamycin 300 mg BD, Vitamin C 100 mg TDS, Antalgex T BD, and Metronidazole 400 mg TDS for five to seven days. Is this not too much? I do not want to have side effects, and I do not want it to affect ...  Read Full »

Dr. Naveen Thomas

Answer: Hi,Welcome to, I would not suggest Prednisone and Metronidazole for wisdom tooth extraction. You may continue the other medicines. Still, I do not know in which specific condition has your dentist prescribed Prednisone. Do you have any other health issues unrelated to wisdom toot...  Read Full »

Are COVID patients more prone to mucormycosis or black fungus?

Query: Hi doctor, I am fine now and I think that I have recovered from COVID-19. But I heard that people having black fungus or mucormycosis lose their eyesight and die after having it. Kindly tell me about the symptoms of this disease. What can be done to prevent it? Can I have this disease after getti...  Read Full »

Dr. Zubayeralam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. According to your statement, you want to know about black fungus or mucormycosis. It is an infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes living in the environment. It affects the sinuses, brain, or lungs of immunocompromised people....  Read Full »

Is black fungus disease prevalent among COVID-19 recovered patients with diabetes?

Query: Hi doctor, I had COVID-19 a month before, and I was given Dexamethasone 4 mg twice daily from the second day for ten days. I am diabetic with an HbA1c of 7 percent as it is controlled diabetes. During those ten days of taking Dexamethasone, my blood sugar level was between 250 mg/dL to 325 mg/dL. N...  Read Full »

Dr. Syed Tehmid

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Mucormycosis is an opportunistic infection and occurs in patients with lowered immunity. There is no time frame regarding the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) contraction. It occurs due to a mold that is present in the environment that are especially damp. They can b...  Read Full »

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