Surgery is a type of treatment done by placing an incision on the body. Depending on the condition, the various surgical procedures performed are elective surgery, exploratory surgery, amputation, reconstructive surgery, transplant surgery, minimally-invasive surgery, and laser surgery.

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Would a 90 year old patient with diabetes be suitable for aortic dissection surgery?

Query: Hi doctor, The patient is an 89-year-old female. She is an insulin-dependent diabetic with a history of heart disease, found to have an aortic dissection. She became ill early in the morning and could not call for help. She was taken to the hospital eight hours after her first symptom. She has be...  Read Full »

Dr. Arvind Guru

Answer: Hi,Welcome to is a complex situation, and more information would be required for further advice. Most important how is the patient's condition now and comprehensive knowledge of her stress-bearing capacity and accurate imaging reports of the aortic dissection and other diseases? The o...  Read Full »

What is the treatment procedure followed to get rid of allergic nasal polyp?

Query: Hi doctor,I am 39 years old. I have an allergic nasal polyp for the past ten years. I consulted the doctor ten years back. The doctor told me that there is no need to undergo surgery and he prescribed Rhinocort aqua which is currently unavailable, and I have been using other sprays. It is not workin...  Read Full »

Dr. Shyam Kalyan. N

Answer: Hi, Welcome to First, we need a clinical examination, radiology, and endoscopy. The treatment options are surgery and medical management along with environmental control. Surgery involves endoscopic sinus surgery, and medical management includes control of allergy and inflammation. I...  Read Full »

I have a stone in my ureter. Should I undergo surgery or treat it with medications?

Query: Hello doctor,I have a stone in the upper ureteric for which I underwent an ultrasound. According to ultrasound results, upper, middle, and lower calyces show four hyperechoic lesions measuring 2 to 5 mm. The right upper ureter showed a hyperechoic lesion measuring 5 mm. I feel severe pain in my righ...  Read Full »

Dr. Karthik Rajan

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have gone through your query and understand your concern. Based on your reports (attachments are hidden to protect the patient's identity), you have an 85 to 90% chance of passing out the stones with medication alone. The ureteric stone is the reason for your severe ...  Read Full »

Is it safe for my 80-year-old father to undergo surgery to remove a painless lump in his jaw?

Query: Hello doctor, My father is aged around 80 years. He has had a painless lump on the left side of his jaw beneath his ear for three years. Last year, we got an ultrasound and FNAC done, and his doctor suggested getting the lump removed by surgery. He is taking only ayurvedic medicines. Also, he under...  Read Full »

Dr. Vinay. S. Bhat

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand your concern. I have reviewed the pictures you shared (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity). The photograph you sent suggests a parotid gland swelling, and FNAC (fine needle aspiration cytology) report has not confirmed any specific dia...  Read Full »

Is it safe to have surgery or oil treatment for DCIS?

Query: Hi doctor, My partner has DCIS. The doctor advised for surgery. She has been taking full extract Cannabis oil for six weeks. The initial pathology report and the follow-up reports seem to be different. The surgeon knows what my partner has been taking. I have sent both the pathology reports. I need ...  Read Full »

Dr. Goswami Parth Rajendragiri

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have gone through the attachment (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Do not try Cannabis oil as a remedy for your lesion. Your report is suggestive of ductal carcinoma in situ. You are right, in the second report, it is given that necrosis is not evident. ...  Read Full »

What is the treatment for head injury with a blood clot?

Query: Hello doctor, My cousin suffered a massive blow to his head, which resulted in a terrible injury above his ears which extends to the back of his head. He is not responding, but he can breathe on his own, and his body is responding to commands. The doctors said that there is a blood clot in the injur...  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I can give a better opinion after I take a look at your cousin's CT scan.Due to the injury, there is probably a hemorrhage in the brain, leading to damage of the brain, this is giving rise to all his symptoms.Treatment is evacuation and removal of blood from the brain ...  Read Full »

My upper arm got displaced and I took a conservative traditional treatment Puttur Kattu. Will it resolve the fracture?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 48-year-old female. While coming out of the bathroom I fell and broke my left upper arm middle third shaft and the humerus got displaced in the last month. I went to the hospital there doctor did an X-ray and gave first aid. The doctor gave two choices one is ORIF surgery ano...  Read Full »

Dr. Anuj Gupta

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have seen the reports attached (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity). There is a midshaft humerus fracture and alignment seems to be fine. The doctor told you the right thing. It can be managed surgically and conservatively too. My principle in my ...  Read Full »

Is there a permanent cure for obstructive sleep apnea?

Query: Hello doctor, I was diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea and secondary pulmonary hypertension two years back. I am using a CPAP but, not too regularly now. When sleeping, I often feel a blockage of my air passage, especially while exhaling, as if suddenly clogged by some tissues. This would repeat...  Read Full »

Dr. Shyam Kalyan. N

Answer: Hello, Welcome to We need to find your apnea score. You must have done polysomnography before using the CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine. Kindly share the reports so that we can know your apnea score. OSA (obstructive sleep apnea) can be treated by the surgical re...  Read Full »

How long will ganglionic cyst take to resolve?

Query: Hi doctor, I have a cyst for the past one week and it is painful. Doctor gave me the tablets and now I do not have any pain. What should I do? Please suggest me.  Read Full »

Dr. Sadaf Mustafa

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through the pictures (attachment removed to protect patient identity) Ganglionic cyst - swelling in the joint, usually resorbs over time. It may cause pain and discomfort, which will respond to NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).If it continues t...  Read Full »

CKD patient with high phosphorus content. Is dialysis required now?

Query: Hello doctor, My father is suffering from CKD for the past one year. His creatinine level is 11.05, urea is 144 and uric acid is 5.10. He has no swelling or breathlessness, but his phosphorus content is high 5.80. We have not started the dialysis at the moment. Could you please guide the right wa...  Read Full »

Dr. Krishna Somani

Answer: Hi, Welcome to After seeing all the details and your father's reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). I would like to ask few questions. What is his age? How is his appetite? Does he feel nauseated or vomit? Is he losing weight and feels generally unwell? With...  Read Full »

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