Published on Mar 28, 2017 and last reviewed on Dec 27, 2018 - 2 min read
Iron-deficiency anemia is a global burden over the communities, and it is prevalent everywhere. This article discusses the clinical features, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of iron-deficiency anemia.
Most of the patients will present with fatigue, tiredness, and dizziness. If anemia is severe, then breathlessness (dyspnea) is also present. Patient's working capacity is restricted, and palpitation can be present. If iron-deficiency anemia is present from early life (from six months to two years), then mental sluggishness and low IQ like neurological manifestations can be permanent. Iron is required for neurotransmitter synthesis and myelination. Hence, neurological features can be seen. Pica is sometimes associated with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA). If not treated, then IDA can cause heart failure or ischemic heart disease.
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