HomeHealth articlesthrombotic strokeWhat Is a Thrombotic Stroke?

Thrombotic Stroke - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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A thrombotic stroke is a medical emergency where a blood clot is formed in the arteries of the brain. This article is a brief overview of thrombotic stroke.

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Isaac Gana

Published At November 4, 2022
Reviewed AtDecember 28, 2023


A stroke is a medical emergency when the blood supply to the brain or part of the brain is interrupted and thus hampers the continuous demand for oxygen to the brain. Depending on the severity of the stroke, recovery time varies from weeks to months to years. At times, even complete recovery from a stroke mainly leaves certain lifestyle limitations. The faster the treatment, the better during a stroke. It should be noted that strokes are not generally easy to recognize. A stroke can affect the entire brain or a part of the brain.

Additionally, strokes can affect the right side and the whole left side of the brain. There are many symptoms of a stroke. The brain cells can immediately die due to a lack of oxygen supply.

What Are the Causes of a Thrombotic Stroke?

Risks and complications due to stroke occur for a variety of underlying reasons. Strokes are standard in older adults and individuals with a family history of stroke.

  • Atherosclerosis.

  • Traumatic injury to the neck.

  • Female gender.

  • A clot from another body part.

  • A lump in a brain vessel.

  • A tear in a vessel of the brain.

  • High blood pressure.

  • Over-treatment or overdose of blood thinners.

  • Severe trauma.

  • Aneurysm.

  • Cerebral amyloid angiopathy.

  • Arteriovenous malformation.

  • Fatty deposits build up in blood vessels.

  • Covid-19 infection.

  • Smoking.

  • Tobacco consumption.

  • Second-hand smoking.

  • Atrial fibrillation.

  • Diabetes mellitus.

  • Overweight or obesity.

  • Family history of stroke.

  • Certain medications and allergies.

  • Sedentary lifestyle.

  • High levels of cholesterol.

  • Excessive consumption of alcohol.

  • Stress.

  • History of a heart attack.

  • Irregular Heartbeat or heart rhythm.

  • Conditions that affect the health of blood vessels.

  • Enlarged heart.

  • Carotid artery stenosis.

  • A diet rich in saturated fat.

  • Over intake of sodium.

  • A diet rich in trans fat.

  • Migraine.

  • Drug abuse from recreational drugs.

  • Transient ischemic attacks.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of a Thrombotic Stroke?

Symptoms of a thrombotic stroke are generally seen all over the body. It should be noted that the clinical manifestations of a stroke vary in individuals and depend on the underlying cause of the stroke and the type of stroke the individual has been affected with. Mentioned below are some of the signs and symptoms of a thrombotic stroke:

  • Sudden weakness of the face.

  • Liability of the arm or leg.

  • Severe dizziness.

  • Balance problems.

  • Difficulty walking.

  • Confusion.

  • Head pain.

  • Muscle loss on the left side of the body.

  • The vision is blurred.

  • Seeing issues from the left side of each eye.

  • Hearing problems.

  • Sensory changes on the left side of the body.

  • Problems with depth perception.

  • Not understanding directions.

  • Memory problems.

  • Difficulty in problem-solving.

  • Not able to make decisions.

  • Problems in breathing.

  • Difficulty in chewing and swallowing.

  • Slurred way of speaking.

  • Drooping on the left side of the face.

  • Paralysis in the left side of the body.

  • Loss of consciousness.

  • Blinding pain.

  • Vertigo.

  • Generalized number Ness.

  • Stiffness of muscles.

  • Rapid involuntary eye movement.

  • Reduced sensation of touch.

  • Pins and needles.

  • Overactive reflexes.

  • Fatigue.

  • Temporary loss of vision.

How to Diagnose a Thrombotic Stroke?

Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are vital in an episode of stroke. First, the patient's signs and symptoms should give the healthcare professional an idea that the individual has suffered a stroke. The side of the body that shows clinical manifestations should then make the healthcare provider aware of the side of the brain that has been affected. Below are some of the diagnostic tools that may aid in the correct diagnosis of a thrombotic stroke.

  • Computed tomography scan.

  • Angiogram.

  • Computerized tomography angiogram.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging scan.

  • Magnetic resonance angiography or MRA.

  • Doppler ultrasound.

  • Electrocardiogram or ECG.

  • Echocardiogram.

  • Cerebral angiography.

  • Carotid ultrasound.

  • Blood flow tests.

  • Electrical impulse tests.

  • Blood-borne biochemical markers.

What Are the Treatment Options for a Thrombotic Stroke?

There are currently many treatment modalities for a stroke, whether on the right side of the brain or the left side. According to the signs and symptoms, both invasive and non-invasive treatment options and management plans for stroke should be provided by the health care provider after a complete physical examination and taking into account the medical and drug history of the individual. Mentioned below are the available treatment options best decided by the healthcare provider keeping in mind the underlying cause of the stroke.

  • Embolectomy.

  • Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator or TPA injection.

  • Alteplase or Activase injection.

  • Tenecteplase or TNKase injection.

  • Vertebrobasilar angioplasty.

  • Physical therapy—to improve movement.

  • Occupational therapy—to help with daily tasks and self-care.

  • Carotid Endarterectomy.

  • Speech therapy—to improve swallowing and speech.

  • Psychological therapy—to provide support after the stroke.


A thrombotic stroke is a medical emergency that is caused because of a blood clot that is formed in the arterial supply of the brain. A thrombotic stroke is commonly seen in the geriatric group of individuals. Patients having a history of diabetes, atherosclerosis, which is an accumulation of lipids and fat in the inner lining of the blood vessels, as well as a high level of cholesterol, are more prone to developing a thrombotic stroke. A thrombotic stroke can affect small arteries as well as the large vessel arteries of the brain. Living a healthy and active lifestyle is crucial to keeping an episode of a stroke at bay. Increased physical fitness, regular exercise, a diet low in refined carbohydrates, and low-density lipoprotein lipids are essential for a healthy lifestyle.

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Dr. Isaac Gana
Dr. Isaac Gana



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