Infectious Diseases Data Verified

COVID-19 Vaccines and People wlith Chronic Conditions

Published on Jun 10, 2021   -  4 min read

Abstract

COVID-19 vaccines are evaluated in multiple clinical trials and multi-stage testing processes to ensure safety. This article will brief you about the COVID vaccines and people with chronic conditions.

Contents

Introduction:

COVID-19 vaccine is one of the highest priorities in this current pandemic situation. All the countries around the world are rolling out COVID-19 vaccines. The currently available COVID-19 vaccines have undergone multiple and rigorous clinical trials and multi-stage testing processes to ensure safety. COVID-19 vaccines have been carefully tested and continuously monitored, but still, there is confusion and misinformation about the safety of COVID-19 vaccines in people with chronic illnesses. To know more about COVID-19 vaccines for people with chronic conditions, their safety, and precautions, read the article.

What Is a Vaccine?

A vaccine is something that contains the same germs that cause the disease, but the germs are in weakened or in killed forms. So that they do not make the person sick from the germ causing the disease. The vaccine stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies, similar to how antibodies are produced when exposed to the disease. On being vaccinated, you develop immunity against the disease without getting sick.

How Does a Vaccine Work?

Vaccines safely expose our bodies to pathogens so that our immune system can produce antibodies against these pathogens. Vaccines contain any one of the following

What Are the Available COVID-19 Vaccines?

The currently available vaccines are authorized by health experts. The best COVID vaccine is the one available to you. Some of the available vaccines are:

How Do COVID-19 Vaccines Work?

COVID-19 vaccines are mRNA vaccines. The mRNA vaccines provide instructions to our cells to make a spike protein. This spike protein is seen on the surface of the virus that is causing the disease. Now our immune system recognizes that the protein does not belong to the body and builds an immune response against the virus. This is similar to how the body responds and builds immunity when the actual SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19) enters the human body. Hence our body is trained to protect against any future infection. These mRNA vaccines do not contain any live viruses. And it also does not enter the nucleus of the cell where our DNA is present.

What Are the Side Effects of COVID-19?

There are few side effects that are commonly experienced after taking the COVID-19 vaccine. They are

These side effects usually subside within 48 days.

Can People With Other Medical Conditions Take the COVID-19 Vaccine?

Health experts recommend everyone above the age of 12 years take the vaccine for COVID-19. People with underlying health illnesses are at a higher risk of severe illness from the virus that causes COVID-19. So they are in higher priority to get the vaccine. COVID-19 vaccine can be administered to most people with underlying medical conditions.

People with Weakened Immune System:

People with weakened immune systems can be at higher risk of developing COVID-19. So they need to receive the vaccine to protect themselves against the virus. However, there is only limited information available about the safety data of the COVID-19 vaccines specific to this group.

So it is necessary for people with weakened immune systems to be aware of the lowered immune responses to the vaccine and the need to follow the safety guidelines regardless of getting vaccinated to protect themselves against this deadly COVID-19.

People with Diabetes:

In clinical trials of Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, people with diabetes did not show major side effects. The side effects which were reported in the clinical trials were common side effects that other people experience after getting vaccinated, like soreness in the injection site, mild lethargy, and low-grade fever. However, the side effects are mild and do not cause any alarm. So it is recommended for people with diabetes to take the vaccine after consulting their healthcare professional.

People with Cancer:

There arises a question if vaccines are safe in cancer patients. However, the currently available vaccines have undergone multiple rigorous clinical trials to ensure safety. And the COVID-19 vaccines do not contain a live virus. So it is safe for cancer patients. So the only concern about COVID-19 vaccines in cancer patients is how effective the vaccines can be. It is said that the effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccines in cancer patients is less than in other people. However, health experts like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend everyone above the age of 12 years to get the vaccines, so this includes cancer patients as well.

People with Heart Disease:

Heart disease can make it worse for you to fight off certain diseases, or it can make it more likely for you to experience serious complications from the disease when infected. COVID-19 vaccines do not prevent you from catching COVID-19, but they can protect you from serious complications like hospitalizations. People with heart disease are at a higher risk of hospitalization from COVID-19 because the infection places stress on the heart through several mechanisms. So consult your healthcare professional before getting vaccinated about the risks and complications.

How To Keep Ourselves Protected Against COVID-19?

There are several precautions and safety guidelines that are recommended by the health experts that can be followed to protect ourselves against this deadly virus. When you are already suffering from other health illnesses, then extra care and precautions have to be followed. They are:

Conclusion:

Vaccines expose you to a safer version of the disease. Vaccines are usually responsible for global public health successes. So it is necessary to get vaccinated with the available vaccine and break the chain of transmission. Following the guidelines regardless of getting vaccinated is also equally important.

 

This is a sponsored Ad. icliniq or icliniq doctors do not endorse the content in the Ad.

Last reviewed at:
10 Jun 2021  -  4 min read

RATING

15
7 Days COVID Care

Tags:

Comprehensive Medical Second Opinion.Submit your Case

Related Questions & Answers


COVID-19 Vaccines

Article Overview: A COVID-19 vaccine provides acquired immunity against the new Coronavirus. Read the article to know everything about the approved and undertrial vaccines. Read Article


Dr. Sneha Kannan
Dr. Sneha Kannan
Infectious Diseases Specialist

Many pharmaceutical companies worldwide are working on potential vaccines for the new Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). With COVID-19 cases continuing to grow, scientists and doctors are working day and night to develop vaccines to slow the pandemic and lessen its damage. How COVID-19 Vaccines Work? ...  Read Article

COVID-19 Safety Protocol for the Workplace

Article Overview: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, going to work and reopening businesses are the new challenges that we are facing. We have listed some safety guidelines to be followed in the workplace. Read Article


Dr. Anuthanyaa R
Dr. Anuthanyaa R
Infectious Diseases Specialist

Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 virus caused the respiratory disease COVID-19 (coronavirus disease) globally. It affected the normal life of common people as the pandemic resulted in an increased death rate throughout the world. The normal routine life was affected, including: Food (most essentia...  Read Article

COVID-19 Vaccines in India

Article Overview: Two vaccines, Covishield and Covaxin, have been granted emergency use authorization in India. Read about these vaccines' indications, contraindications, precautions, and side effects. Read Article


Dr. Lochana
Dr. Lochana
Infectious Diseases Specialist

COVID-19 Vaccines: A vaccine is a medical or biological preparation that activates the immune system in an individual to fight pathogens that enter the body. Killed or deactivated form of the pathogen, toxin, or surface protein are commonly used to prepare a vaccine. The process of administration o...  Read Article

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Coronavirus or Covid-19?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Disclaimer: Alternative medicine is not aimed to replace the services of your treating physician or allopathy medicines. Our site’s information is to those who are willing to take responsibility for their health, being fully aware that the content published herein would not qualify as prescription or specific medical advice. If users use the information and stop prescribed medication without their physician’s consent, they bear full responsibility for their actions and iCliniq bears no responsibility for the same. Information on alternative medicine should not be misinterpreted as a cure for any illness, as our body is complex and everyone reacts differently.
 

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.