Infectious Diseases Data Verified

COVID-19 Safety Protocol for the Workplace

Published on May 22, 2021 and last reviewed on Dec 31, 2021   -  5 min read


At the time of the COVID-19 pandemic, going to work and reopening businesses were the new challenges faced. Even though we have been following COVID-19 protocols and now the spread has been gradually decreased, still some safety guidelines for the workplace should be followed, and to know about them in detail, read the article below.

COVID-19 Safety Protocol for the Workplace


The SARS-CoV-2 virus caused the respiratory disease COVID-19 (coronavirus disease) globally. It affected the normal life of common people as the pandemic resulted in an increased death rate throughout the world. The normal routine life was affected, including:

Thinking of the routes of transmission, sources of exposure, and exposure risks of COVID-19, a proper safety plan is needed to reduce the impact on the public, business, customers, employers, and workers. Employers should prepare their workers regarding the safety protocols in the workplace to avoid further worsening outbreak conditions. OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) developed COVID-19 safety guidelines in the workplace, which is used for planning purposes similar to the influenza pandemic guidelines to reduce the spread of the virus. To identify appropriate control measures and the risks in the workplace, the workers should follow the OSHA planning guidance. Whenever there is new information regarding the virus transmission and risks, additional updates will be provided along with the existing guidelines. Thus the safety protocols of OSHA help to reopen the offices and new businesses.

How Is the Worker's Exposure to the SARS-CoV-2 Virus Classified Based on Their Occupation?

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has divided job tasks into four risk exposure levels. They are-

1) Very High Exposure Risk Jobs:

a. Very high exposure risk jobs are healthcare workers or those working with COVID-19 patients.

b. Laboratory healthcare personnel collect the samples of suspected or known COVID-19 patients for culturing procedures.

c. Morgue workers perform autopsies on the known and suspected people to have COVID-19 at the time of their death. Healthcare workers with very high exposure risk include the following-

2) High Exposure Risk Jobs:

a. Healthcare delivery and support staff such as doctors, nurses, and other hospital staff are at high exposure risk because they have to enter patient's rooms, exposing themselves to known or suspected COVID-19 cases.

b. Medical transport workers are ambulance vehicle operators who will move known or suspected COVID-19 patients in closed vehicles.

c. Mortuary workers are involved in preparing the burial or cremation of the known or suspected bodies of COVID-19 patients.

3) Medium Exposure Risk Jobs:

They require frequent or close contact (within six feet) with virus-infected people, but they do not know they are suspected COVID-19 cases. Employees of this group have frequent contact with travelers who return from international locations. Employees may have contact with the general public such as,

4) Lower Exposure Risk Jobs:

They do not require contact with people who are known or suspected of COVID-19, and they also do not get close contact within 6 feet with the general public. Workers under this category have minimal contact with the public and with other coworkers.

What Are the Changes Experienced in the Workplace Due to COVID-19?

1) Skipping of Work:

Employers and employees can have frequent skipping of work because of the fear of possible exposure for the following reasons.

2) Change in Business Patterns:

The customer during the COVID-19 outbreak will highly demand only the items of infection control, such as sanitizers, masks, face shields, so the interest in buying other goods will decline. There will be a change in the shopping pattern due to the COVID-19 pandemic to reduce the risk of exposure. To reduce the person-to-person contact, customers will start to purchase,

3) Shipment From Various Places:

Delivering the customer's order has been delayed due to the pandemic situation, or some items are currently interrupted from different geographic areas. COVID-19 has affected the shipments, which may be delayed or canceled with or without prior information.

How to Social Distance at the Workplace?

COVID-19 is controlled by putting more distance between people. Following social distancing is the new change, and it should be practiced in the office by having:

Social distancing policies at the workplace are:

1. Flexible work shifts are appreciated, and also plan for remote work and telework. Meetings and workstations should have the best technology for remote collaboration. Only allow,

2. Scheduling works to have a minimal number of employers in a space at one time. We can execute daily shifts or segregate staff to work remotely for one week and come to the office the next week. Make sure all the areas are disinfected between shifts.

3. Also, the workspace should be set up with more distance between employees. Plastic dividers, physical barriers, floor decals, and six-foot-spaced desks guide the workers to walk and maintain physical distance. Do not share any types of equipment in the workplace.

4. Have a lower capacity entrance for common areas. We can also automate these processes by occupancy management systems, which help count the number of entities present and notify us when the number falls.

5. Offering remote or digital services minimizes the physical contact when compared to take-out- the service at doorsteps.

How Can We Prevent the Spread of COVID-19 in the Workplace?

1) Ensure that the workplaces are clean and hygienic. For example, surfaces like desks and tables, objects like telephones and keyboards should be disinfected on a daily basis.

2) Employees, employers, and customers should follow regular hand-washing.

3) Place the sanitizing hand rub dispensers in important places around the workplace, and they are to be refilled regularly.

4) Encourage proper respiratory hygiene in the workplace.

5) Make sure surgical masks and tissue papers are available in the workplace for people with runny nose and cough and ensure that they are disposed of hygienically.

6) Do not have unnecessary travels both locally and internationally.

7) In the event of unavoidable travel to locations reporting COVID-19, follow the below:


Considering the major role of safety guidelines, we should follow COVID-19 protocols such as social distance of one meter, maintaining six feet distance at the workplace, having a double mask, frequent washing of hands, and avoiding frequent contact with eyes and face. Having the information that the novel coronavirus can stay back viable for hours and days, we should follow these above workplace strategies to reopen to avoid future spread and further pandemics.

Last reviewed at:
31 Dec 2021  -  5 min read




Comprehensive Medical Second Opinion.Submit your Case

Related Questions & Answers

Deadly Coronavirus - Everything You Need to Know

Article Overview: This is a short write-up about the pandemic COVID-19 that is raging through the world and causing innumerable deaths. The article brings out some instructions on how to keep safe during these times. It also discusses some medical terms which have become common parlance. Additionally, the article advises you on how to keep yourself and loved ones safe. Read Article

Shyam Kalyan. N
Shyam Kalyan. N
Otolaryngology (E.N.T)

In these times when coronavirus is raging through the world, killing hundreds of thousands of innocent people, and, at the other end we have thousands of online forwards and memes tickling our collar bone. It is wise if we can take a moment, sit back, read and understand what exactly is happening ar...  Read Article

Coronavirus: Strictly Avoid Self-Medication

Article Overview: Self-medication practices always include a certain degree of potential risk. Assuming yourself that you have a particular disease and consuming medications on your own is never safe. Read Article

Arun Kaushik. R
Arun Kaushik. R
Critical Care Physician, Geriatrics, Microbiology

It is true that the whole world is spinning around with COVID-19. Though there was a time when the whole world thought that there were chances that only the fittest might survive, the advent of vaccines has proved it wrong. Still, the novel Coronavirus and its newer variants arebeating up many to de...  Read Article

COVID-19 Testing

Article Overview: Read this article to get an insight into the methods and protocols of COVID-19 testing. Read Article

Sugreev Singh
Sugreev Singh
Internal Medicine

Introduction: Rapid testing and vaccinations play a crucial role in breaking the transmission chain of coronavirus. Earlier, only polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and antibody testing were available. Now, there are a number of tests to detect both current and past infections. One such evolution is t...  Read Article

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Coronavirus or Covid-19?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website. Read our Editorial Process to know how we create content for health articles and queries.